Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Labridae > Symphodus > Symphodus melops

Symphodus melops (Gilt-head; Corkwing wrasse; Corkwing)

Synonyms: Crenilabrus gibbus; Crenilabrus melops; Labrus gibbosus; Labrus gibbus; Labrus goldsinny; Labrus melops; Labrus rone; Labrus tesselatus; Labrus venosus; Lutjanus melops; Lutjanus norvegicus; Lutjanus norwegicus
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Wikipedia Abstract

The corkwing wrasse, Symphodus melops, is a species of wrasse native to the eastern Atlantic Ocean from Norway to Morocco and out to the Azores, as well as being found in the Mediterranean Sea and the Adriatic Sea. This species can be found in areas of rock or eelgrass at depths from 1 to 30 m (3.3 to 98.4 ft).
View Wikipedia Record: Symphodus melops


Female Maturity [1]  2 years 6 months
Male Maturity [2]  2 years 6 months
Maximum Longevity [1]  9 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Fal and Helford 15785 England, United Kingdom    
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Loch Laxford 3018 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lochs Duich, Long and Alsh Reefs 5883 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Lundy 7573 England, United Kingdom  
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Miramare Marine Park Biosphere Reserve 717 Italy  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Plymouth Sound and Estuaries 15820 England, United Kingdom
Shell Flat and Lune Deep 26107 England, United Kingdom
Sidmouth to West Bay 2217 England, United Kingdom
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
Sound of Arisaig (Loch Ailort to Loch Ceann Traigh) 11260 Scotland, United Kingdom
South Devon Shore Dock 843 England, United Kingdom  
South Hams 320 England, United Kingdom  
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
Sunart 25320 Scotland, United Kingdom
Tintagel–Marsland–Clovelly Coast 6004 England, United Kingdom  

Prey / Diet

Bittium reticulatum (needle whelk)[3]
Cancer pagurus (Rock crab)[3]
Caprella linearis[3]
Carcinus maenas (green crab)[3]
Gammarus locusta[3]
Hediste diversicolor (veelkleurige zeeduizendpoot)[3]
Hippolyte varians[3]
Idotea balthica (gewone zeepissebed)[3]
Idotea granulosa (zeepissebed)[3]
Mytilus edulis (Blue mussel)[3]
Pagurus bernhardus (Bernhard's hermit crab)[3]
Patella pellucida (blue-rayed limpet)[3]
Rissoa parva[3]


Parasitized by 
Cryptocotyle lingua[4]
Cucullanus micropapillatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Echinorhynchus gadi[4]
Gaevskajatrema perezi[4]
Galactosomum lacteum[4]
Helicometra fasciata[4]
Lecithochirium rufoviride[4]
Macvicaria alacris[4]
Proctoeces maculatus[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Oresundsakvariet (Oresund Aquarium)
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Rotterdam Zoo
Universeum Science Center
Zoological Society of London
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt


Aegean Sea; Albania; Algeria; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Azores Islands; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Canary Current; Cantabrian Sea; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Channel Islands; Croatia; Denmark; Eastern Atlantic: Norway to Morocco and the Azores. Also known from the western Mediterranean and Adriatic seas.; England and Wales (UK); Estonia; Faroe Plateau; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Gibraltar; Greece; Iberian Coastal; Ireland; Isle of Man; Israel; Italy; Latvia; Lebanon; Lithuania; Malta; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Monaco; Morocco; Netherlands; North Sea; Northern Ireland; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Poland; Portugal; Scotland (UK); Serbia and Montenegro; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Syrian Arab Republic; Tunisia; Turkey; United Kingdom;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access