Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Scombridae > Katsuwonus > Katsuwonus pelamis
 

Katsuwonus pelamis (White bonito; Watermelon; Victor fish; Tuna links; Tuna ham; Tuna; Tonno; Stripy; Stripped tuna; Stripey; Striped tunny; Striped tuna; Striped bonito; Striped bellied tunny; Striped bellied bonito; Skiy jack; Skippy; Skipper; Skipjack-tuna; Skipjack tuna fish; Skipjack Tuna; Skipjack; Oceanic skipjack; Oceanic bonito; Ocean bonito; Mushmouth; Lesser tunny; Club mackerel; Atu; Atlantic bonito; Arctic bonito; Bonito; Barriolet; Banjo)

Synonyms: Euthynnus pelamis; Euthynnus pelamys; Gymnosarda pelamis; Gymnosarda pelamys; Katsowonus pelamis; Katsuwinus pelamis; Katsuwonis pelamis; Katsuwonnus pelamis; Katsuwonus pelamsi; Katsuwonus pelamys; Katuswonis pelamis; Orcynus pelamis; Orcynus pelamys; Scomber pelamides; Scomber pelamis; Scomber pelamys; Thinnus pelamis; Thynnus pelamis; Thynnus pelamys; Thynnus vagans
Language: Aceh; Afrikaans; Agutaynen; Albanian; Arabic; Bahasa Indonesia; Bikol; Carolinian; Catalan; Cebuano; Chamorro; Chavacano; Cotabato Chavacano; Creole, English; Creole, French; Creole, Portuguese; Croatian; Danish; Davawenyo; Dutch; Fijian; Finnish; French; Gela; German; Greek; Gujarati; Hawaiian; Hebrew; Hiligaynon; Ilokano; Italian; Japanese; Javanese; Kagayanen; Kiribati; Komoro; Konkani; Korean; Kosraean; Kumak; Kuyunon; Magindanaon; Mahl; Makassarese; Malagasy; Malay; Malayalam; Maldivian; Maltese; Mandarin Chinese; Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug; Marathi; Marshallese; Niuean; Norwegian; Other; Palauan; Persian; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Samoan; Serbian; Sinhalese; Slovenian; Somali; Spanish; Surigaonon; Susu; Swahili; Swedish; Tagalog; Tahitian; Tokelauan; Tongan; Tuamotuan; Turkish; Tuvaluan; Vietnamese; Vili; Visayan; Wallisian; Waray-waray; Wolof

Wikipedia Abstract

The skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis, is a medium-sized perciform fish in the tuna family, Scombridae. It is otherwise known as the aku, arctic bonito, mushmouth, oceanic bonito, striped tuna, or victor fish. It grows up to 1 m (3 ft) in length. It is a cosmopolitan pelagic fish found in tropical and warm-temperate waters. It is a very important species for fisheries.
View Wikipedia Record: Katsuwonus pelamis

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  41.83 lbs (18.98 kg)
Female Maturity [3]  3 years
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Maximum Longevity [3]  12 years
Migration [4]  Oceanodromous
Water Biome [1]  Pelagic, Coastal

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Ciénaga de Zapata National Park 1606900 Cuba  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    

Prey / Diet

Auxis thazard (Frigate tuna)[5]
Benthosema pterotum (Spinycheek lanternfish)[6]
Diogenichthys laternatus (Diogenes lanternfish)[6]
Engraulis mordax (Californian anchoveta)[6]
Euphausia distinguenda[6]
Euphausia eximia[6]
Euphausia lamelligera[6]
Illex argentinus (Argentine Shortfin Squid)[7]
Katsuwonus pelamis (White bonito)[5]
Nyctiphanes australis[5]
Nyctiphanes simplex[6]
Thysanoteuthis rhombus (diamond squid)[8]
Trichiurus lepturus (Atlantic Cutlassfish)[6]
Vinciguerria lucetia (Lightfish)[6]
Vinciguerria nimbaria (World-wide bristle-mouth fish)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthocybium solandri (Wahoo fish)1
Aculeola nigra (Hooktooth dogfish)1
Alepisaurus ferox (Wolffish)1
Alopias vulpinus (Zorro thresher shark)1
Balaenoptera edeni (Bryde's whale)1
Balaenoptera musculus (Blue Whale)1
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)1
Bathyraja brachyurops (Common ray)1
Bellator gymnostethus (Nakedbelly searobin)1
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)1
Caulolatilus princeps (Bighead tilefish)1
Cephalorhynchus commersonii (Commerson's Dolphin)1
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)1
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)3
Cynoscion guatucupa (Stripped weakfish)1
Cynoscion nothus (Silver weakfish)1
Delphinus capensis (Long-beaked Common Dolphin)2
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)1
Eschrichtius robustus (Gray Whale)1
Feresa attenuata (Pygmy Killer Whale)1
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)1
Galeorhinus galeus (Vitamin shark)1
Globicephala melas (Long-finned Pilot Whale)1
Harpadon nehereus (Bombay duck)1
Helicolenus lahillei (rosefish)1
Istiophorus albicans (Sailfish)1
Istiophorus platypterus (Atlantic sailfish)1
Isurus oxyrinchus (Short-finned mako)1
Kajikia albida (Marlin)1
Kogia breviceps (Pygmy Sperm Whale)1
Kogia sima (Dwarf Sperm Whale)1
Lagenorhynchus australis (Peale's Dolphin)1
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Pacific White-sided Dolphin)1
Lagenorhynchus obscurus (Dusky Dolphin)2
Larus occidentalis (Western Gull)1
Leptocottus armatus (Cabezon)1
Lutjanus guttatus (mutton snapper)1
Lutjanus synagris (Walliacke)1
Macrodon ancylodon (Yellow mouth salmon)1
Makaira mazara (black spearfish)1
Makaira nigricans (Ocean guard)1
Merluccius hubbsi (Southwest Atlantic hake)1
Mirounga angustirostris (Northern Elephant Seal)1
Mobula japanica (Spinetail mobula)1
Mobula thurstoni (smoothtail mobula)1
Pagrus pagrus (Red porgy)1
Phocoenoides dalli (Dall's Porpoise)1
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)2
Polyprion americanus (Wreck-fish)1
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)1
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)2
Prionotus stephanophrys (Blackfin gurnard)1
Pseudorca crassidens (False Killer Whale)1
Rhizoprionodon lalandii (Sharpnose shark)1
Salilota australis (Tadpole codling)1
Schroederichthys bivius (Narrowmouthed catshark)1
Scomberomorus niphonius (Spotted Spanish mackerel)1
Scomberomorus sierra (Mexican sierra)1
Scyliorhinus besnardi (Polkadot catshark)1
Sebastes caurinus (Copper rockfish)1
Selene peruviana (Jack)1
Seriphus politus (Drum)1
Sphyrna zygaena (Smooth hammerhead shark)1
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)1
Squatina argentina (Argentine angelfish)1
Squatina occulta (Smoothback angel shark)1
Stenella attenuata (Pantropical Spotted Dolphin)3
Stenella coeruleoalba (Striped Dolphin)2
Stenella longirostris (Spinner Dolphin)1
Steno bredanensis (Rough-toothed Dolphin)1
Synodus foetens (Soapfish)1
Terapon jarbua (Tiger-perch)1
Thunnus alalunga (longfinned albacore)1
Thunnus albacares (Yellowfin-tuna)3
Thunnus obesus (Tuna)2
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)1
Trichiurus lepturus (Atlantic Cutlassfish)1
Trichiurus margarites (hairtail)1
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)2
Uria aalge (Common Murre)1
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)2
Zalophus californianus (California Sealion)1
Zapteryx exasperata (Striped guitarfish)1
Zearaja chilensis (Yellownose skate)1
Zeus faber (European john dory)1

Predators

Acanthocybium solandri (Wahoo fish)[5]
Auxis thazard (Frigate tuna)[5]
Carcharhinus falciformis (Silky shark)[5]
Carcharhinus signatus (Shark)[9]
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)[5]
Fregata minor (Great Frigatebird)[5]
Istiompax indica (Marlin)[5]
Kajikia albida (Marlin)[10]
Kajikia audax (Stripey)[11]
Katsuwonus pelamis (White bonito)[5]
Makaira mazara (black spearfish)[5]
Makaira nigricans (Ocean guard)[10]
Onychoprion fuscatus (Sooty Tern)[5]
Sula dactylatra (Masked Booby)[5]
Sula sula (Red-footed Booby)[12]
Tetrapturus angustirostris (shortnose spearfish)[5]
Thunnus alalunga (longfinned albacore)[5]
Thunnus albacares (Yellowfin-tuna)[10]

Providers

Parasite of 
Adenodidymocystis intestinalis[5]
Allopseudaxine katsuwonis[5]
Allopseudaxine vagans[5]
Anisakis simplex[5]
Annulocystis auxis[5]
Caballerocotyla katsuwoni[5]
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis[5]
Capsala katsuwoni[5]
Capsala lintoni[5]
Capsala notosinense[5]
Coeliodidymocystis abdominalis[5]
Coeliodidymocystis kamegaii[5]
Copiatestes filiferus[5]
Ctenascarophis lesteri[5]
Didymocylindrus simplex[5]
Didymocystis intestinomuscularis[5]
Didymocystis philobranchia[5]
Didymocystis reniformis[5]
Didymocystis thynni[5]
Didymoproblema fusiforme[5]
Didymosulcus wedli[5]
Didymozoon auxis[5]
Dinurus barbatus[5]
Dinurus breviductus[5]
Dinurus euthynni[5]
Dinurus scombri[5]
Ectenurus lepidocybii[5]
Hepatoxylon trichiuri[5]
Hexostoma grossa[5]
Hirudinella ventricosa[5]
Koellikerioides orientalis[5]
Lecithochirium microstomum[5]
Lobatozoum multisacculatum[5]
Nematobothrium scombri[5]
Nybelinia lingualis[5]
Oesophagocystis dissimilis[5]
Phacelotrema claviforme[5]
Pricea minimae[5]
Prospinitectus exiguus[5]
Pseudogrillotia basipunctata[5]
Raorhynchus terebra[5]
Rhadinorhynchus ornatus[5]
Rhadinorhynchus pristis[5]
Rhadinorhynchus trachuri[5]
Rhadinorhynchus vancleavei[5]
Rhipidocotyle nagatyi[5]
Rhipidocotyle pentagonum[5]
Syncoelium filiferum[5]
Tentacularia coryphaenae[5]
Tergestia laticollis[5]
Tergestia pectinata[5]
Tristomella interrupta[5]
Tristomella laevis[5]
Tristomella lintoni[5]
Tristomella nozawae[5]
Unitubulotestis pelamydis[5]
Univitellannulocystis katsuwoni[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Adenodidymocystis intestinalis[13]
Allopseudaxine katsuwonis[13]
Allopseudaxine vagans[13]
Allopseudaxinoides vagans <Unverified Name>[13]
Anisakis physeteris <Unverified Name>[13]
Anisakis simplex[13]
Annulocystis auxis[13]
Annulocystis katsuwoni <Unverified Name>[13]
Atalostrophion biovarium <Unverified Name>[13]
Caballerocotyla katsuwoni[13]
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis[13]
Capsala katsuwoni[13]
Capsala notosinense[13]
Coeliodidymocystis abdominalis[13]
Coeliodidymocystis kamegaii[13]
Copiatestes filiferus[13]
Ctenascarophis gastricus <Unverified Name>[13]
Ctenascarophis lesteri[13]
Didymocylindrus filiformes <Unverified Name>[13]
Didymocylindrus filiformis[14]
Didymocylindrus fusiforme <Unverified Name>[13]
Didymocylindrus simplex[13]
Didymocystis abdominalis <Unverified Name>[13]
Didymocystis bilobata <Unverified Name>[13]
Didymocystis dissimilis <Unverified Name>[13]
Didymocystis intestinomuscularis[13]
Didymocystis kamegaii <Unverified Name>[13]
Didymocystis katsuwoni <Unverified Name>[13]
Didymocystis margolisi <Unverified Name>[13]
Didymocystis ovata <Unverified Name>[13]
Didymocystis philobranchia[13]
Didymocystis pinnicola <Unverified Name>[13]
Didymocystis reniformis[13]
Didymocystis rotunditestis <Unverified Name>[13]
Didymocystis soleiformis <Unverified Name>[13]
Didymocystis submentalis <Unverified Name>[13]
Didymocystis thynni[13]
Didymocystoides intestinomuscularis <Unverified Name>[13]
Didymocystoides pinnicola <Unverified Name>[13]
Didymocystoides submentalis <Unverified Name>[13]
Didymoproblema fusiforme[13]
Didymosulcus bilobata <Unverified Name>[13]
Didymosulcus katsuwonicola <Unverified Name>[13]
Didymosulcus philobranchia <Unverified Name>[13]
Didymosulcus rotunditestis <Unverified Name>[13]
Didymosulcus soleiformis <Unverified Name>[13]
Didymosulcus wedli[13]
Didymozoon auxis[13]
Didymozoon filicolle <Unverified Name>[13]
Didymozoon longicolle <Unverified Name>[13]
Didymozoon minus <Unverified Name>[13]
Dinurus barbatus[13]
Dinurus breviductus[13]
Dinurus euthynni[13]
Dinurus scombri[13]
Ectenurus lepidocybii[13]
Hepatoxylon trichiuri[13]
Hexostoma grossa[13]
Hirudinella ventricosa[13]
Hysterothylacium incurvum <Unverified Name>[13]
Koellikeria globosa <Unverified Name>[13]
Koellikeria orientalis <Unverified Name>[13]
Koellikeria reniformis <Unverified Name>[13]
Koellikerioides orientalis[13]
Lagenocystis katsuwoni <Unverified Name>[13]
Lecithochirium microstomum[13]
Lobatozoum multisacculatum[13]
Nematobothrium scombrii[13]
Neodiplotrema pelamidis <Unverified Name>[13]
Nybelinia lingualis[13]
Oesophagocystis dissimilis[13]
Penetrocephalus ganapatii <Unverified Name>[13]
Phacelotrema claviforme[13]
Philometra katsuwoni <Unverified Name>[13]
Pricea minimae[13]
Procerozoum biovarium <Unverified Name>[13]
Prospinitectus exiguus[13]
Pseudogrillotia basipunctata[13]
Raorhynchus terebra[13]
Rhadinorhynchus ornatus[13]
Rhadinorhynchus pristis[13]
Rhadinorhynchus trachuri[13]
Rhadinorhynchus vancleavei[13]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[13]
Syncoelium filiferum[13]
Syncoelium katuwo <Unverified Name>[13]
Tentacularia coryphaenae[13]
Tergestia laticollis[13]
Theledera pectinata[13]
Tristomella interrupta[13]
Tristomella laevis[13]
Tristomella lintoni[13]
Tristomella nozawae[13]
Unitubulotestis pelamydis[13]
Univitellannulocystis katsuwoni[13]
Wedlia globosa <Unverified Name>[13]
Wedlia orientalis <Unverified Name>[13]
Wedlia reniformis <Unverified Name>[13]

Distribution

Aegean Sea; Agulhas Current; American Samoa; Andaman Island; Andaman Sea; Angola; Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Arabian Sea; Aruba; Ascension Island; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southeast; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Atulayan Bay; Australia; Bahamas; Bangladesh; Barbados; Bay of Bengal; Belgium; Belize; Benguela Current; Benin; Bermuda; Brazil; British Indian Ocean Tr.; Brunei Darussalam; Calauag Bay; California Current; Cambodia; Cameroon; Canada; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Cape Verde; Caribbean Sea; Carigara Bay; Cayman Islands; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Chagos Islands; Chile; China; Christmas Island (Aust.); Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Colombia; Comoros; Congo, Dem. Rep. of the; Congo, Republic of; Cook Islands; Coral Sea and GBR; Cosmopolitan in tropical and warm-temperate waters. Not found in the eastern Mediterranean Sea (Ref. 28950) and the Black Sea. Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (Ref. 26139).; Costa Rica; Cuba; Curaçao Island; Côte d'Ivoire; Davao Gulf; Djibouti; Dominica; Dominican Republic; East Brazil Shelf; East Central Australian Shelf; East China Sea; East Timor; Ecuador; El Salvador; England and Wales (UK); Equatorial Guinea; Fiji Islands; France; French Guiana; French Polynesia; Gabon; Galapagos Islands; Gambia; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Ghana; Gibraltar; Great Barrier Reef; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guam; Guatemala; Guinea; Guinea Current; Guinea-Bissau; Gulf of Aden; Gulf of Aqaba; Gulf of California; Gulf of Mexico; Gulf of Oman; Guyana; Haiti; Hawaii (USA); Honduras; Hong Kong; Humboldt Current; Iberian Coastal; India; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Eastern; Indian Ocean, Western; Indonesia; Indonesian Sea; Insular Pacific-Hawaiian; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Ireland; Isle of Man; Italy; Jamaica; Japan; Johnston Island; Jordan; Kenya; Kermadec Islands; Kimbe Bay; Kiribati; Korea, Republic of; Kuroshio Current; Lagonoy Gulf; Leyte Gulf; Liberia; Madagascar; Madeira Islands; Malaysia; Maldives; Malta; Marquesas Islands; Marshall Islands; Martinique; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Mexico; Micronesia,Fed.States of; Middle Bank; Monaco; Montserrat; Morocco; Mozambique; Myanmar; Namibia; Nauru; Netherlands; Netherlands Antilles; New Caledonia; New Zealand; New Zealand Shelf; Nicaragua; Nigeria; Niue; Norfolk Island; North Australian Shelf; North Brazil Shelf; North Marianas; North Sea; Northeast Australian Shelf; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Northwest Australian Shelf; Norway; Ogasawara Islands; Oman; Ormoc Bay; Pacific Central-American Coastal; Pacific Is. (Trust Tr.); Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; Pacific, Northwest; Pacific, Southeast; Pacific, Southwest; Pacific, Western Central; Pakistan; Palau; Panama; Papua New Guinea; Peng-hu Island; Persian Gulf; Peru; Peru-Galapagos Waters; Philippines; Polynesian Waters; Portugal; Puerto Rico; Ragay Gulf; Red Sea; Ryukyu Islands; Réunion; Saint Helena; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Rogatien Bank; Saint Vincent & the Grenadines; Samoa; San Miguel Bay; Sao Tomé and Principe; Scotian Shelf; Sea of Marmara; Senegal; Seychelles; Sierra Leone; Singapore; Slovenia; Sogod Bay; Solomon Islands; Somali Coastal Current; Somalia; South Africa; South Brazil Shelf; South China Sea; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Southwest Chilean Waters; Spain; Sri Lanka; Sulu-Celebes Sea; Suriname; Sweden; Tahiti; Taiwan; Tanzania, United Rep. of; Tasman Sea; Tayabas Bay; Thailand; Togo; Tokelau; Tonga; Trinidad and Tobago; Tuamoto Islands; Turkey; Turks and Caicos Is.; Tuvalu; US Minor Outlying Is.; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); United Arab Emirates; United Kingdom; Uruguay; Vanuatu; Venezuela; Viet Nam; Virgin Islands (UK); Wake Island; Wallis and Futuna Is.; Yellow Sea; Yemen;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 4Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 6THE FOOD OF YELLOWFIN AND SKIPJACK TUNAS IN THE EASTERN TROPICAL PACIFIC OCEAN, FRANKLIN G. ALVERSON, INTER-AMERICAN TROPICAL TUNA COMMISSION Bulletin, Vol. VII, No. 5 (1963) 7Santos RA, Haimovici M. 2000. The Argentine short-finned squid Illex argentinus in the food webs of southern Brazil. Sarsia 85:49-60 8CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 9FEEDING STRATEGY OF THE NIGHT SHARK (CARCHARHINUS SIGNATUS) AND SCALLOPED HAMMERHEAD SHARK (SPHYRNA LEWINI) NEAR SEAMOUNTS OFF NORTHEASTERN BRAZIL, Teodoro Vaske Júnior; Carolus Maria Vooren and Rosangela Paula Lessa, BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF OCEANOGRAPHY, 57(2):97-104, 2009 10Preliminary Investigation of the Diets of Large Oceanic Pelagic Species of Importance to the Longline Fishery in Barbados, MARLYN RAWLINS, HAZEL A. OXENFORD, and PAUL FANNING, Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute 58, (2007), p. 243-249 11Feeding ecology and niche segregation in oceanic top predators off eastern Australia, Jock W. Young, Matt J. Lansdell, Robert A. Campbell, Scott P. Cooper, Francis Juanes, Michaela A. Guest, Mar Biol (2010) 157:2347–2368 12FEEDING ECOLOGY OF TWO SUBTROPICAL SEABIRD SPECIES AT FRENCH FRIGATE SHOALS. HAWAII, Michael P. Seki and Craig S. Harrison, BULLETIN OF MARINE SCIENCE. 45(1): 52-67, 1989 13Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 14Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
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