Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Scombridae > Sarda > Sarda sarda
 

Sarda sarda (Stripe-backed pelamis; Skipjack; Short finned tunny; Pelamid; Horse mackerel; Common bonito; Boston mackerel; Bonito; Bone jack; Bloater; Belted bonito; Atlantic bonito)

Synonyms: Palamita sarda; Pelamis sarda; Pelamys sarda; Sarda mediterranea; Scomber mediterraneus; Scomber palamitus; Scomber ponticus; Scomber sarda; Thynnus brachypterus; Thynnus sardus
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Wikipedia Abstract

The Atlantic bonito, Sarda sarda, is a large mackerel-like fish of the family Scombridae. It is common in shallow waters of the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Black Sea, where it is an important commercial and game fish.
View Wikipedia Record: Sarda sarda

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  13.34 lbs (6.05 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Maximum Longevity [2]  5 years
Migration [3]  Oceanodromous

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Northern British Isles Denmark, Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Karadagskiy Zapovednik Nature Zapovednik 13876 Ukraine  
North Bull Island Nature Reserve IV 3544 Ireland  
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  

Prey / Diet

Boops boops (Bream)[4]
Engraulis encrasicolus (Southern African anchovy)[4]
Gymnammodytes cicerelus (Smooth sand lance)[4]
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)[4]
Peprilus paru (northern harvestfish)[4]
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)[4]
Sarda sarda (Stripe-backed pelamis)[4]
Sardina pilchardus (European pilchard)[5]
Scomber japonicus (Striped mackerel)[4]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[4]
Spicara smaris (Picarel)[4]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[4]
Trachurus mediterraneus (Mediterranean scad)[4]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)1
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)1
Leucoraja naevus (Cuckoo ray)1
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)1
Raja brachyura (Blond ray)1
Raja montagui (Homelyn ray)1
Scomber scombrus (Split)1
Seriola dumerili (Yellow tail)1
Seriola rivoliana (Pacific amberjack)1
Serranus cabrilla (Learned rockfich)1
Synodus saurus (Atlantic lizardfish)1
Thunnus alalunga (longfinned albacore)1
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)1
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)1

Predators

Acanthocybium solandri (Wahoo fish)[4]
Carcharodon carcharias (Maneater shark)[4]
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)[6]
Sarda sarda (Stripe-backed pelamis)[4]
Scomberomorus cavalla (Spanish mackerel)[4]

Providers

Parasite of 
Anisakis simplex[4]
Aponurus tschugunovi[4]
Atalostrophion sardae[4]
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis[4]
Capsala caballeroi[4]
Capsala pelamydis[4]
Dinurus barbatus[4]
Dinurus breviductus[4]
Dinurus tornatus[4]
Ectenurus lepidus[4]
Grillotia erinaceus[4]
Hexostoma lintoni[4]
Hexostoma thynni[4]
Hirudinella ventricosa[4]
Lecithochirium texanum[4]
Neohexostoma euthynni[4]
Nybelinia lingualis[4]
Oncophora melanocephala[4]
Opecoeloides vitellosus[4]
Otobothrium cysticum[4]
Podocotyle reflexa[4]
Prosorhynchoides arcuatus[4]
Raorhynchus terebra[4]
Rhipidocotyle capitata[4]
Sibitrema poonui[4]
Stephanostomum bicoronatum[4]
Synaptobothrium caudiporum[4]
Tentacularia coryphaenae[4]
Unitubulotestis pelamydis[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[7]
Aponurus tschugunovi[7]
Ascaris appendiculata <Unverified Name>[7]
Atalostrophion sardae[7]
Bothriocephalus labracis <Unverified Name>[7]
Bucephalopsis arcuata <Unverified Name>[7]
Caballerocotyla caballeroi <Unverified Name>[7]
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis[7]
Capsala gregalis[7]
Capsala pelamidis <Unverified Name>[7]
Capsala pelamydis[7]
Didymozoon pelamydis <Unverified Name>[7]
Dinurus barbatus[7]
Dinurus breviductus[7]
Dinurus tornatus[7]
Diphyllobothrium plerocercoid <Unverified Name>[7]
Ectenurus lepidus[7]
Grillotia erinaceus[7]
Hexostoma lintoni[7]
Hexostoma thynni[7]
Hirudinella ventricosa[7]
Lacistorhynchus bulbifer <Unverified Name>[7]
Lecithochirium caudiporum <Unverified Name>[7]
Lecithochirium texanum[7]
Neohexostoma euthynni[7]
Nybelinia lingualis[7]
Oncophora melanocephala[7]
Opechona pyriforme <Unverified Name>[7]
Opecoeloides vitellosus[7]
Otobothrium cysticum[7]
Plagiopeltis duplicata <Unverified Name>[7]
Podocotyle reflexa[7]
Prosorhynchoides arcuatus[7]
Raorhynchus terebra[7]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[7]
Stephanostomum bicoronatum[7]
Synaptobothrium caudiporum[7]
Tentacularia coryphaenae[7]
Tetrarhynchus scomberpelamys <Unverified Name>[7]
Unitubulotestis pelamydis[7]
Unitubulotestis sardae <Unverified Name>[7]

Distribution

Aegean Sea; Albania; Algeria; Angola; Argentina; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southeast; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Benguela Current; Benin; Black Sea; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Brazil; Bulgaria; Cameroon; Canada; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Cape Verde; Caribbean Sea; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Channel Islands; Colombia; Congo, Dem. Rep. of the; Congo, Republic of; Croatia; Cuba; Cyprus; Côte d'Ivoire; Denmark; East Brazil Shelf; Eastern Atlantic: Oslo, Norway to Port Elizabeth, South Africa. Also known from the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia, Canada to Florida, USA and northern Gulf of Mexico; then from Colombia, Venezuela, and south of the Amazon ; Eastern Atlantic: Oslo, Norway to Port Elizabeth, South Africa. Also known from the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia, Canada to Florida, USA and northern Gulf of Mexico; then from Colombia, Venezuela, and south of the Amazon River to northern Argentina; apparently absent from most of the Caribbean Sea.; England and Wales (UK); Equatorial Guinea; Finland; France; Gabon; Gambia; Georgia; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Ghana; Gibraltar; Greece; Guinea; Guinea Current; Guinea-Bissau; Gulf of Mexico; Iberian Coastal; Indian Ocean, Western; Ireland; Isle of Man; Israel; Italy; Jamaica; Lebanon; Liberia; Madeira Islands; Malta; Mauritania; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Mexico; Monaco; Morocco; Namibia; Netherlands; Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf; Nigeria; North Brazil Shelf; North Sea; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Northern Ireland; Norway; Patagonian Shelf; Portugal; Puerto Rico; Russian Federation; Scotian Shelf; Scotland (UK); Sea of Marmara; Senegal; Serbia and Montenegro; Seychelles; Sierra Leone; Slovenia; South Africa; South Brazil Shelf; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Spain; Sweden; Syrian Arab Republic; Togo; Trinidad and Tobago; Turkey; USA (contiguous states); Ukraine; United Kingdom; Uruguay; Venezuela;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 3Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5Feeding habits and trophic levels of Mediterranean fish, Konstantinos I. Stergiou & Vasiliki S. Karpouzi, Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 11: 217–254, 2002 6DIET AND FEEDING OF DOLPHIN (CORYPHAENA HIPPURUS) IN WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN WATERS, Enric Massutí, Salud Deudero, Pilar Sánchez and Beatriz Morales-Nin, BULLETIN OF MARINE SCIENCE, 63(2): 329–341, 1998 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access