Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Scombridae > Scomberomorus > Scomberomorus regalis
 

Scomberomorus regalis (painted mackerel; Spanish mackerel; Mackerel; Kingfish mackerel; Cero mackerel; Cero)

Synonyms: Cybium regale; Scomber regalis; Scomberomorus plumierii; Scombreromorus regalis
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Wikipedia Abstract

The cero (Scomberomorus regalis) , also known as the pintado, kingfish, cero mackerel, or painted mackerel, is a ray-finned bony fish in the family Scombridae, better known as the mackerel family. More specifically, this fish is a member of the tribe Scomberomorini, the Spanish mackerels, and is the type species of the genus Scomberomorus.
View Wikipedia Record: Scomberomorus regalis

Attributes

Migration [1]  Oceanodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Cayos Cochinos Archipelago National Park Natural Marine Monument   Honduras  
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Saba Marine Park National Marine Park II 5573 Netherlands Antilles  

Prey / Diet

Abudefduf saxatilis (Sergeant-major)[2]
Alpheus armillatus (banded snapping shrimp)[2]
Alpheus cristulifrons (dotted snapping shrimp)[2]
Alpheus normanni (green snapping shrimp)[2]
Alpheus peasei (orangetail snapping shrimp)[2]
Anchoa hepsetus (Broad-striped anchovy)[2]
Anchoa lyolepis (Spotcheeked ghostfish)[2]
Atherinomorus stipes (Hardhead silversides)[2]
Bodianus rufus (Spanish hogfish)[2]
Calamus bajonado (Jolthead porgy)[2]
Caranx ruber (Bar jack)[3]
Chromis cyanea (Blue chromis)[3]
Chromis multilineata (Yellow-edge chromis)[2]
Clepticus parrae (Sorrel chub)[3]
Decapterus punctatus (Summer stonebrass)[2]
Gramma loreto (Fairy basslet)[2]
Gramma melacara (Blackcap Basslet)[2]
Halichoeres bivittatus (Slippery dick)[2]
Halichoeres garnoti (Yellowhead wrasse)[2]
Halichoeres maculipinna (Slippery okra)[2]
Halichoeres poeyi (Black-ear wrasse)[2]
Halichoeres radiatus (Puddingwife wrasse)[2]
Harengula clupeola (Sardine)[2]
Harengula humeralis (Yellowbill sprat)[2]
Hemiramphus brasiliensis (Ballyhoo halfbeak)[3]
Hypoatherina harringtonensis (Slender silverside)[3]
Isaurus duchassaingi[2]
Isaurus tuberculatus[2]
Jenkinsia lamprotaenia (Sweethead fry)[2]
Lachnolaimus maximus (Hogftsh)[2]
Opisthonema oglinum (Atlantic thread herring)[3]
Opistognathus aurifrons (Yellowhead jawfish)[2]
Palythoa mammillosa (knobby zoanthid)[2]
Palythoa variabilis (Brown colonial anemone)[2]
Parazoanthus parasiticus (Yellow colonial anemone)[2]
Parazoanthus swiftii (Brown colonial anemone)[2]
Parazoanthus tunicans[2]
Platybelone argalus (keeltail needlefish)[2]
Selar crumenophthalmus (Steenbrass)[3]
Synalpheus brevicarpus (Short-clawed sponge shrimp)[2]
Synalpheus longicarpus (Longclawed sponge shrimp)[2]
Thalassoma noronhanum (Noronha wrasse)[2]
Trachinotus falcatus (Yellow-wax pompano)[2]
Zoanthus pulchellus (Mat anemone)[2]
Zoanthus sociatus (Green sea mat)[2]
Zoanthus solanderi (Green colonial anemone)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aulostomus maculatus (Trumpetfish)1
Bothus lunatus (Solefish)1
Carcharhinus limbatus (Spot-fin ground shark)1
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)1
Epinephelus striatus (White grouper)1
Euthynnus alletteratus (Little tunny)1
Istiompax indica (Marlin)1
Istiophorus platypterus (Atlantic sailfish)1
Kajikia audax (Stripey)1
Lutjanus jocu (Snuggletooth snapper)2
Megalops atlanticus (Tarpon)1
Noctilio leporinus (greater bulldog bat)2
Rachycentron canadum (Sergent fish)1
Scomberomorus cavalla (Spanish mackerel)2
Seriola dumerili (Yellow tail)1
Sula leucogaster (Brown Booby)1

Predators

Acanthocybium solandri (Wahoo fish)[2]
Carcharhinus leucas (Zambezi shark)[2]
Carcharhinus limbatus (Spot-fin ground shark)[2]
Carcharhinus longimanus (Whitetip whaler)[2]
Carcharhinus perezii (Caribbean reef shark)[2]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Bucephalopsis arcuata <Unverified Name>[4]
Cathucotyle acanthura[4]
Didymocystis scomberomori[4]
Gotocotyla acanthophallus[2]
Gotocotyla acanthophalus <Unverified Name>[4]
Heteronybelinia estigmena[4]
Hysterothylacium fortalezae <Unverified Name>[4]
Hysterothylacium reliquens <Unverified Name>[4]
Mexicotyle mexicana[4]
Myosaccium opisthonemae[4]
Otobothrium cysticum[4]
Prosorhynchoides arcuatus[2]
Pseudaxine mexicana[4]
Pterobothrium heteracanthum[4]
Rhipidocotyle adbaculum[2]
Rhipidocotyle baculum[2]
Thoracocotyle crocea[4]

Distribution

Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Aruba; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Bermuda; Brazil; Caribbean Sea; Cayman Islands; Colombia; Cuba; Curaçao Island; Discovery Bay; Dominica; Dominican Republic; East Brazil Shelf; French Guiana; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Gulf of Mexico; Guyana; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Mexico; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles; Nicaragua; North Brazil Shelf; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Puerto Rico; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent & the Grenadines; South Brazil Shelf; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; Turks and Caicos Is.; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Venezuela; Virgin Islands (UK); Western Atlantic: Massachusetts, USA to Brazil, including the Bahamas and West Indies.;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3Food Habits of Reef Fishes of the West Indies, John E. Randall, Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. 5, 665–847 (1967)
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access