Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Characiformes > Serrasalmidae > Colossoma > Colossoma macropomum

Colossoma macropomum (Tambaqui; Pacu; Cachama; Blackfin pacu)

Synonyms: Colosomma macropomum; Colossoma macropodum; Colossoma nigripinne; Colossoma oculus; Colossoma tambaqui; Colossoma tombaqui; Melloina tambaqui; Myletes macropomus; Myletes nigripinnis; Myletes oculus; Piaractus macropomus
Language: Finnish; German; Mandarin Chinese; Portuguese; Spanish; Swedish

Wikipedia Abstract

The tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum) is a freshwater species of serrasalmid. It is also known by the names black pacu, black-finned pacu, giant pacu, cachama, gamitana, and sometimes as pacu (a name used for several other related species).
View Wikipedia Record: Colossoma macropomum


Diet [2]  Omnivore, Detritivore
Adult Length [1]  3.5 feet (108 cm)
Migration [2]  Potamodromous


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Hawaiian Islands United States Oceania Oceanic Islands    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  

Prey / Diet

Ceriodaphnia cornuta[3]
Ceriodaphnia reticulata[3]
Daphnia gessneri[3]
Echinochloa polystachya (creeping rivergrass)[4]
Hevea spruceana[4]
Moina reticulata[3]
Vitex cymosa[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Amazona aestiva (Turquoise-fronted Amazon)1
Brotogeris chiriri (Yellow-chevroned Parakeet)1
Mirogrex terraesanctae (Kinneret bleak)1


Parasitized by 
Anacanthorus penilabiatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Anacanthorus spatulatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Chabaudinema americana <Unverified Name>[5]
Cucullanus colossomi <Unverified Name>[5]
Dadaytrema oxycephalum <Unverified Name>[5]
Linguadactyloides brinkmanni <Unverified Name>[5]
Lynguadactyloides brinkmanni <Unverified Name>[5]
Neoechinorhynchus buttnerae[5]
Rhabdochona colossomi <Unverified Name>[5]
Spirocamallanus inopinatus[5]
Travassosinia dilatata <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Artis Zoo
Biodome de Montreal
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Bronx Children's Zoo
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Cameron Park Zoo
Colchester Zoo
Dierenpark Emmen
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Ecodrome CV
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Flamingo Land LTD
Houston Zoo, Inc.
John G. Shedd Aquarium
London Aquarium
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Miami Metrozoo
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Odense Zoologiske Have
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Ouwehand Zoo
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Papiliorama Swiss Tropical Gardens
Parc Merveilleux
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Reid Park Zoo
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Rotterdam Zoo
Sedgwick County Zoo
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
St. Paul's Como Zoo
Steinhart Aquarium (CA Acad of Science
The Living Rainforest
West Midland Safari & Leisure Park Ltd
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoological Society of London
Zoological Society of Trinidad &Tobago


America, North - Inland waters; America, South - Inland waters; Asia - Inland waters; Bolivia; Brazil; China; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Guyana; Hawaii (USA); Honduras; Indonesia; Jamaica; Magdalena; Neotropical; Oceania - Inland waters; Oriental; Orinoco; Panama; Peru; Philippines; Puerto Rico; South America: Amazon and Orinoco basins as wild form; pisciculture form largely distributed in South America.; Taiwan; Thailand; Venezuela;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
3LIFE HISTORY AND MANAGEMENT OF THE TAMBAQUI (COLOSSOMA MACROPOMUM, CHARACIDAE); AN IMPORTANT AMAZONIAN FOOD FISH, Michael Goulding & Mírian Leal Carvalho, Revta bras. Zool., S Paulo 1(2); 107-133 30 xii.1982
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access