Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Salmoniformes > Salmonidae > Coregonus > Coregonus albula

Coregonus albula (European whitefish; Vendace; Whitefish; White fish; European cisco)

Synonyms: Coregonus albula finnica; Coregonus albula ladogensis; Coregonus albula var. norvegica; Coregonus brevis; Salmo albula; Salmo maraenula; Salmo vimba
Language: Czech; Danish; Dutch; Estonian; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Italian; Latvian; Lithuanian; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Slovak; Spanish; Swedish

Wikipedia Abstract

Coregonus albula, known as the vendace or as the European cisco, is a species of freshwater whitefish in the family Salmonidae. It is found in lakes in northern Europe, especially Finland, Sweden, Russia and Estonia, and in some lakes of the United Kingdom, northern Germany and Poland. It is also found in diluted brackish water in the Gulfs of Finland and Bothnia, both of which are in the Baltic Sea. The length of an adult is normally about 20 cm (8 in). The maximum age is about ten years.
View Wikipedia Record: Coregonus albula


Adult Weight [1]  1.21 lbs (550 g)
Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Male Maturity [1]  2 years
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Lithophils
Maximum Longevity [1]  10 years
Migration [2]  Diadromous


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Borrowdale Woodland Complex 1650 England, United Kingdom
Buczyny Lagowsko-Sulecinskie 16732 Poland  
Kokkolan saaristo (SPA) 36322 Finland  
Lake District High Fells 66717 England, United Kingdom
Ostoja Inska 216738 Poland  
Ostoja Suwalska 15690 Poland  
Ostoja Wigierska 39715 Poland  
Rahjan saaristo 20710 Finland    
River Derwent and Bassenthwaite Lake 4529 England, United Kingdom
Rummelön-Harrbådan 583 Finland  
Trzebiatowsko-Kolobrzeski Pas Nadmorski 43166 Poland    
Uroczyska Puszczy Drawskiej 183887 Poland  

Prey / Diet

Bosmina coregoni[3]
Bythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea)[3]
Coregonus albula (European whitefish)[4]
Daphnia cristata[4]
Daphnia galeata (waterflea)[4]
Daphnia longiremis[4]
Daphnia longispina[3]
Eudiaptomus gracilis[3]
Polyphemus pediculus[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)1
Carassius carassius (Crucian carp)1
Cottus cognatus (Anadyr sculpin)1
Gasterosteus aculeatus (Alaskan stickleback)1
Myoxocephalus quadricornis (Alaska fourhorn sculpin)1
Oncorhynchus mykiss (redband trout)1
Osmerus eperlanus (European smelt)3
Osmerus mordax (Rainbow smelt)1
Perca flavescens (Yellow perch)1
Polyphemus pediculus1
Salvelinus alpinus (Arctic charr)1
Sander vitreus (Walleye)1


Coregonus albula (European whitefish)[4]
Coregonus lavaretus (Houting)[4]
Esox lucius (Jack)[4]
Gymnocephalus cernua (Ruffe)[4]
Perca fluviatilis (River perch)[4]
Phoxinus phoxinus (Minnow)[4]
Pusa hispida saimensis (Saimaa seal)[5]
Salmo trutta (Brown trout)[4]
Sander lucioperca (Pike-perch)[6]
Sander vitreus (Walleye)[4]


Parasitized by 
Camallanus lacustris[7]
Capillaria salvelini <Unverified Name>[7]
Crepidostomum farionis[7]
Cucullanus truttae <Unverified Name>[7]
Cyathocephalus truncatus[7]
Cystidicola farionis <Unverified Name>[7]
Desmidocercella numidica <Unverified Name>[7]
Dibothriocephalus dendriticus[7]
Dibothriocephalus ditremus[7]
Diphyllobothrium norvegicum <Unverified Name>[7]
Diplostomum gasterostei[7]
Diplostomum helveticum[7]
Diplostomum nordmanni[7]
Diplostomum pseudobaeri <Unverified Name>[7]
Diplostomum spathaceum[7]
Discocotyle sagittata[7]
Echinorhynchus bothniensis[7]
Echinorhynchus salmonis[7]
Eubothrium crassum[7]
Eubothrium salvelini[7]
Gyrodactylus lavareti[7]
Ichthyocotylurus erraticus[7]
Philonema sibirica <Unverified Name>[7]
Phyllodistomum umblae[7]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[7]
Posthodiplostomum brevicaudatum[7]
Proteocephalus albulae <Unverified Name>[7]
Proteocephalus exiguus[7]
Proteocephalus longicollis[7]
Proteocephalus torulosus[7]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[7]
Rhipidocotyle campanula[4]
Triaenophorus crassus[7]
Triaenophorus nodulosus[7]
Tylodelphys clavata[7]
Tylodelphys podicipina[7]


Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Baltic Sea; Barents Sea; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Europe - Inland waters; Europe and Asia: in lakes from England to northwest Russia. In the Baltic Sea: in the Bothnian Bay and eastern end of the Gulf of Finland. Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna). According to Kottelat (Ref. 13696) restricted to Scandin; Europe and Asia: in lakes from England to northwest Russia. In the Baltic Sea: in the Bothnian Bay and eastern end of the Gulf of Finland. Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna). According to Kottelat (Ref. 13696) restricted to Scandinavia and Russia.; Europe: Baltic basin, lakes of upper Volga drainage (Seliger, Vseluga, Perejaslavskoe), some lakes of White sea basin and North Sea basin east of Elbe drainage. Anadromous in Gulf of Finland and marine in northernmost freshened part of Gulf of Bothnia; north to about69° N in Lake Inari, northern Finland; lower Rhine (now extirpated). Frequently stocked in lakes and reservoirs in Germany and Poland. Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna).; Finland; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Hungary; Kazakhstan; Lake Baikal; Latvia; Lithuania; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Netherlands; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Onega River; Palearctic; Poland; Romania; Russian Federation; Sweden; Switzerland; Ukraine; United Kingdom; Volga;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4,, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012).
3Feeding ecology of Coregonus albula and Osmerus eperlanus in the limnetic waters of Lake Mälaren, Sweden, Thomas G. Northcote and Johan Hammar, BOREAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH 11: 229–246 (2006)
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5The diet of the Saimaa ringed seal Phoca hispida saimensis, Mervi KUNNASRANTA, Heikki HYVÄRINEN, Tero SIPILÄ and Jouni T. KOSKELA, Acta Theriologica 44 (4): 443^450, 1999.
6Dietary importance of various prey fishes for pikeperch Sander lucioperca (L.) in large shallow lake Võrtsjärv (Estonia), Peeter Kangur, Andu Kangur, and Külli Kangur, Proc. Estonian Acad. Sci. Biol. Ecol., 2007, 56, 2, 154-167
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access