Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Salmoniformes > Salmonidae > Coregonus > Coregonus clupeaformis
 

Coregonus clupeaformis (Common whitefish; Lake whitefish; Whitefish; Sault whitefish; Inland whitefish; Humpback whitefish; Great Lakes whitefish; Gizzard fish; Eastern whitefish)

Synonyms: Coregonus albus; Coregonus atikameg; Coregonus clupeiformis; Coregonus labradoricus; Coregonus latior; Coregonus sapidissimus; Salmo clupeaformis; Salmo labradoricus
Language: Cree; Danish; Dutch; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Inuktitut; Italian; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Other; Portuguese; Russian; Spanish; Swedish

Wikipedia Abstract

The lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis) is a species of freshwater whitefish from North America. Lake whitefish are found throughout much of Canada and parts of the northern United States, including all of the Great Lakes. The lake whitefish is sometimes referred to as a "humpback" fish due to the small size of the head in relation to the length of the body. It is a valuable commercial fish, and also occasionally taken by sport fishermen.
View Wikipedia Record: Coregonus clupeaformis

Attributes

Adult Weight [3]  23.04 lbs (10.45 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  6 years
Adult Length [2]  20 inches (50 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Lithophils (rock-gravel)
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Litter Size [2]  415,000
Maximum Longevity [2]  50 years
Migration [1]  Anadromous
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Audubon National Wildlife Refuge IV 14642 North Dakota, United States
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Fathom Five National Marine Park II   Ontario, Canada
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Temperate Lakes LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Wisconsin, United States
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Queen Maud Gulf Bird Sanctuary Migratory Bird Sanctuary IV 15335601 Nunavut, Canada
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore II 62563 Michigan, United States
Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve 3821173 Canada  
Tuktut Nogait National Park II 5761538 Northwest Territories, Canada
Ukkusiksalik National Park II   Nunavut, Canada
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Bythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea)[4]
Cyclops bicuspidatus (cyclopoid copepod)[4]
Daphnia galeata (waterflea)[4]
Diaptomus sicilis (calanoid copepod)[4]
Dreissena bugensis (quagga mussel)[4]
Dreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)[4]
Sergentia coracina (chironomid)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)5
Aythya affinis (Lesser Scaup)1
Coregonus hoyi (Bloater)5
Cottus cognatus (Anadyr sculpin)5
Gasterosteus aculeatus (Alaskan stickleback)1
Lota lota (Thin-tailed burbot)1
Oncorhynchus mykiss (redband trout)4
Osmerus mordax (Rainbow smelt)5
Perca flavescens (Yellow perch)5
Salvelinus alpinus (Arctic charr)1
Sander vitreus (Walleye)4

Predators

Petromyzon marinus[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus dirus[5]
Bothrimonus sturionis[5]
Capillaria salvelini <Unverified Name>[5]
Crepidostomum cooperi[5]
Crepidostomum farionis[5]
Crepidostomum metoecus[5]
Cyathocephalus truncatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Cystidicola farionis <Unverified Name>[5]
Cystidicola stigmatura <Unverified Name>[5]
Cystidicoloides tenuissima <Unverified Name>[5]
Diphyllobothrium dendriticum[5]
Diphyllobothrium ditremum[5]
Diphyllobothrium plerocercoid <Unverified Name>[5]
Diplocotyle olrikii[5]
Diplostomum baeri[5]
Diplostomum flexicaudum[5]
Diplostomum spathaceum[5]
Discocotyle sagittata[5]
Echinorhynchus gadi[5]
Echinorhynchus lateralis[5]
Echinorhynchus leidyi[5]
Echinorhynchus salmonis[5]
Eubothrium salvelini[5]
Ichthyocotylurus erraticus[5]
Leptorhynchoides thecatus[5]
Metabronema salvelini <Unverified Name>[5]
Neoechinorhynchus cylindratus[5]
Neoechinorhynchus rutili[5]
Neoechinorhynchus salmonis[5]
Neoechinorhynchus tumidus[5]
Petromyzon marinus (Eel sucker)[4]
Philonema agubernaculum <Unverified Name>[5]
Phyllodistomum coregoni <Unverified Name>[5]
Phyllodistomum limnosa <Unverified Name>[5]
Phyllodistomum umblae <Unverified Name>[5]
Pomphorhynchus bulbocolli[5]
Proteocephalus coregoni <Unverified Name>[5]
Proteocephalus exiguus[5]
Proteocephalus laruei <Unverified Name>[5]
Proteocephalus neglectus <Unverified Name>[5]
Proteocephalus salmonidicola <Unverified Name>[5]
Proteocephalus singularis <Unverified Name>[5]
Proteocephalus tumidocollus <Unverified Name>[5]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[5]
Spinitectus gracilis <Unverified Name>[5]
Sterliadochona ephemeridarum <Unverified Name>[5]
Tetracotyle intermedia <Unverified Name>[5]
Tetraonchus variabilis <Unverified Name>[5]
Triaenophorus crassus[5]
Triaenophorus nodulosus[5]
Truttaedacnitis truttae <Unverified Name>[5]
Tylodelphys scheuringi <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium du Quebec

Range Map

Link to Map
North America: throughout Alaska and most of Canada south into New England, the Great Lakes basin, and central Minnesota. This species was stocked into high Andean lakes in two countries in southern Latin America (Ref. 1739). Probably conspecific with <i>Coregonus lavaretus</i> (Ref. 7506). Belongs to <i>Coregonus clupeaformis</i> complex (Ref. 27547).;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by , , in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4NOAA, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Range map provided by NatureServe. 2010. Digital Distribution Maps of the Freshwater Fishes in the Conterminous United States. Version 3.0. Arlington, VA. U.S.A.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011