Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Aulopiformes > Synodontidae > Harpadon > Harpadon nehereus

Harpadon nehereus (Bombay duck; Bumalo; Bummalow; Indian Bombay duck; Bombay-duck; Bombay duck fish; Bombay duck (India); Lizardfish; Indian bombay-duck)

Synonyms: Harpadon nahereus; Harpadon nebereus; Harpodon nehereus; Osmerus nehereus
Language: Aceh; Bahasa Indonesia; Bengali; Burmese; Danish; Dutch; French; German; Gujarati; Italian; Japanese; Javanese; Korean; Malay; Mandarin Chinese; Marathi; Oriya; Polish; Portuguese; Spanish; Tamil; Telugu; Vietnamese

Wikipedia Abstract

The Bombay duck or bummalo (Harpadon nehereus, Bengali: bamaloh or loytta, Marathi: bombil, Sinhala: bombeli, Urdu: بمبل مچھلی) is, despite its name, not a duck but a lizardfish. It is native to the waters in Maharashtra, and a small number are also found in the Bay of Bengal.They are also caught in the South China Sea. The fish is often dried and salted before it is consumed, as its meat does not have a distinctive taste of its own.
View Wikipedia Record: Harpadon nehereus


Migration [1]  Oceanodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Can Gio Mangrove Biosphere Reserve 123722 Viet Nam  
Sanjay Gandhi National Park II 439343 Maharashtra, India
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  

Prey / Diet

Chelon parsia (Goldspot-mullet)[2]
Chelon planiceps (greenback mullet)[2]
Coilia dussumieri (gold spotted grenadier anchovy)[2]
Coilia ramcarati (Taper-tail anchovy)[2]
Exopalaemon styliferus (roshma prawn)[2]
Gudusia chapra (Indian river shad)[2]
Harpadon nehereus (Bombay duck)[2]
Jaydia lineata (Cardinal fish)[3]
Otolithoides pama (Pama croaker)[2]
Trichiurus lepturus (Atlantic Cutlassfish)[2]
Valamugil speigleri (Speigler's mullet)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthocybium solandri (Wahoo fish)1
Anguilla bengalensis (Mottled eel)1
Congresox talabonoides (Indian putyekanipa)1
Delphinus capensis (Long-beaked Common Dolphin)1
Himantura bleekeri (Whiptail stingray)1
Istiophorus platypterus (Atlantic sailfish)2
Katsuwonus pelamis (White bonito)1
Leptomelanosoma indicum (Indian threadfin)1
Muraenesox cinereus (Dagger-tooth pike-conger)1
Otolithoides biauritus (Jew fish)1
Rhizoprionodon lalandii (Sharpnose shark)1
Saurida undosquamis (Brushtooth lizardfish)1
Scomberomorus niphonius (Spotted Spanish mackerel)1
Scomberomorus sierra (Mexican sierra)1
Selene peruviana (Jack)1
Stenella attenuata (Pantropical Spotted Dolphin)1
Terapon jarbua (Tiger-perch)1
Trichiurus margarites (hairtail)1
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)1
Zeus faber (European john dory)1


Congresox talabonoides (Indian putyekanipa)[4]
Harpadon nehereus (Bombay duck)[2]
Himantura bleekeri (Whiptail stingray)[5]
Lepturacanthus pantului (Coromandel hairtail)[3]
Lepturacanthus savala (Spiny hairtail)[3]
Muraenesox cinereus (Dagger-tooth pike-conger)[6]
Otolithoides biauritus (Jew fish)[4]
Scoliodon laticaudus (Yellow dog-shark)[3]


Parasitized by 
Alibagascaris pseudosciaenae <Unverified Name>[7]
Bucephalus harpodontis[7]
Chauhanellus alatus[7]
Diphyllobothrium latum[7]
Ectenurus trachuri[3]
Filisoma indicum[7]
Gyliauchen ozakii <Unverified Name>[7]
Heteronybelinia minima[7]
Lecithochirium harpodoni <Unverified Name>[7]
Lecithochirium harpodontis <Unverified Name>[7]
Lecithomonoium harpodi <Unverified Name>[7]
Magnacetabulum trachuri <Unverified Name>[7]
Nybelinia jayapaulazariahi[7]
Otobothrium harpodoni <Unverified Name>[7]
Parahemiurus sardinae <Unverified Name>[7]
Prosorchis breviformis <Unverified Name>[7]
Pterobothrium heteracanthum[7]
Tubulovesicula anguillae <Unverified Name>[7]
Tubulovesicula angusticauda[3]


Arabian Sea; Bangladesh; Bay of Bengal; Cambodia; China; East China Sea; Hong Kong; India; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Eastern; Indian Ocean, Western; Indo-West Pacific.; Indonesia; Indonesian Sea; Japan; Korea, Republic of; Malaysia; Myanmar; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Northwest; Pacific, Western Central; Pakistan; Papua New Guinea; Peng-hu Island; Philippines; Somalia; South China Sea; Sulu-Celebes Sea; Taiwan; Thailand; Viet Nam; Yellow Sea;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
2The Food and Feeding Habits of the Bombay Duck, Harpodon nehereus (Ham.) in the River Matlah (Bengal), T. V. R. Pillay, Proc. Nat. Inst. Sci. India, no. 19, p. 427-435 (1953)
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Some aspects on the biology of Himantura bleekeri (Blyth) and Amphotistius imbricatus (Schneider) from Mumbai, SADASHIV GOPAL RAJE, Indian J. Fish., 54(2) : 235-238, Apr.-Jun., 2007
6"Seasonal and Growth Variation of Feeding Habit of Conger Eel (Muraenesox cinereus) in East China Sea", ZHANG Ya-zhou, ZHU Wen-bin, LI Peng-fei, Journal of Zhejiang Ocean University (Natural Science) 2010-03
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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