Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Osmeriformes > Osmeridae > Hypomesus > Hypomesus pretiosus
 

Hypomesus pretiosus (Surf smelt; Silver smelt)

Synonyms: Argentina pretiosa; Hypomesus pretiosus pretiosus
Language: Danish; Dutch; French; German; Haida; Italian; Mandarin Chinese; Polish; Portuguese; Russian; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

Hypomesus pretiosus, or surf smelt, is a marine smelt with a range from Prince William Sound, Alaska to Long Beach, California, although its population declines south of San Francisco. The surf smelt grows to be about 10 inches in southern waters, and 8¾ inches in northern waters near Canada. On average, surf smelt weigh about 10 to the pound. Spawning occurs in the daytime, which is why it is sometimes called the day smelt, peaking in the months from May to October.
View Wikipedia Record: Hypomesus pretiosus

Attributes

Female Maturity [1]  1 year 6 months
Male Maturity [2]  1 year 6 months
Maximum Longevity [1]  5 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  

Predators

Cepphus columba (Pigeon Guillemot)[3]
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)[4]
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)[3]
Oncorhynchus clarkii clarkii (Cutthroat trout)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[6]
Corynosoma strumosum[6]
Diphyllobothrium horridus <Unverified Name>[6]
Diphyllobothrium hottai <Unverified Name>[6]
Diphyllobothrium nihonkaiense[6]
Diphyllobothrium plerocercoid <Unverified Name>[6]
Lecithaster gibbosus[6]
Pronoprymna petrowi <Unverified Name>[6]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[6]

Distribution

Alaska (USA); California Current; Canada; Eastern Pacific: Prince William Sound, Gulf of Alaska to Long Beach, southern California, USA. Reports from the western Pacific are misidentifications of <i>Hypomesus japonicus</i>.; Gulf of Alaska; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; Russian Federation; USA (contiguous states);

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by , , in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979 4Diving depths, diet, and underwater foraging of Rhinoceros Auklets in British Columbia, Alan E. Burger, Rory P. Wilson, Don Garnier and Marie-Pierre T. Wilson, Canadian Journal of Zoology Vol. 71: 2528-2540 (1993) 5Coastal Cutthroat Trout (Oncorhynchus clarki clarki) Diet In South Puget Sound, Washington 1999 – 2002, Joseph M. Jauquet, Masters Thesis, Evergreen State College, 2002 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access