Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Cypriniformes > Cyprinidae > Hypophthalmichthys > Hypophthalmichthys molitrix
 

Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Silver carp; Chinese schemer; Chinese carp; Carp)

Synonyms: Abramocephalus microlepis; Cephalus mantschuricus; Hypophthalmichthys dybowskii; Hypopthalmichthys molitrix; Hypothalmichthys molitrix; Hypothamicthys molitrix; Leuciscus hypophthalmus; Leuciscus molitrix; Onychodon mantschuricus
Language: Afrikaans; Albanian; Bulgarian; Cantonese; Czech; Danish; Dutch; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Hebrew; Hungarian; Italian; Japanese; Kannada; Kirghiz; Korean; Malay; Mandarin Chinese; Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug; Norwegian; Persian; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Slovak; Spanish; Swedish; Thai; Ukrainian

Wikipedia Abstract

The silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) is a species of freshwater cyprinid fish, a variety of Asian carp native to north and northeast Asia. It is cultivated in China. Pound for pound, more silver carp are produced worldwide in aquaculture than any other species. They are usually farmed in polyculture with other Asian carps, or sometimes Indian carps or other species. It has been introduced to, or spread into via connected waterways, at least 88 countries around the world.
View Wikipedia Record: Hypophthalmichthys molitrix

Invasive Species

Hypophthalmichthys molitrix is a carp, native to Asia. Hypophthalmichthys molitrix have been introduced around the world for aquaculture purposes and also for controlling excessive growth of phytoplankton in natural waters. Hypophthalmichthys molitrix have the potential to reduce native diversity by competing for and depleting zooplankton populations, altering the food web. Hypophthalmichthys molitrix have also been found to carry and transmit the disease Salmonella typhimurium.
View ISSG Record: Hypophthalmichthys molitrix

Attributes

Female Maturity [1]  6 years
Adult Length [1]  3.4 feet (105 cm)
Brood Dispersal [1]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Pelagophils
Brood Guarder [1]  No
Diet [2]  Planktivore, Detritivore, Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Litter Size [1]  1,000,000
Maximum Longevity [1]  10 years
Migration [2]  Potamodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Amudarya Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 152861 Lebap, Turkmenistan  
Batang Ai National Park II 62638 Sarawak, Malaysia
Codru (Kodry) Zapovednik Scientific Reserve Ia   Moldova  
Danau Sentarum National Park 347674 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Fanjingshan Nature Reserve V 86145 Guizhou, China  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Neusiedler See-Osterreichischer Teil   Austria        
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Polana Biosphere Reserve 50311 Slovakia  
Prespa National Park II 62043 Greece  
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Shiga Highland Biosphere Reserve 32124 Honshu, Japan  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Vessertal-Thuringian Forest Biosphere Reserve 42250 Germany  

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthogyrus pseudoholospinus <Unverified Name>[3]
Acanthogyrus similis[3]
Allocreadium hypophthalmichthydis <Unverified Name>[3]
Amurotrema dombrowskajae <Unverified Name>[3]
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi[3]
Bothriocephalus gowkongensis[3]
Capillaria fuzhouensis <Unverified Name>[3]
Carassotrema koreanum <Unverified Name>[3]
Carassotrema kui <Unverified Name>[3]
Carassotrema megapharyngus <Unverified Name>[3]
Carassotrema schistorchis <Unverified Name>[3]
Carassotrema wui <Unverified Name>[3]
Centrocestus formosanus <Unverified Name>[3]
Clonorchis sinensis (human liver fluke)[3]
Dactylogyrus anchoratus[3]
Dactylogyrus aristichthys <Unverified Name>[3]
Dactylogyrus chenshuchenae <Unverified Name>[3]
Dactylogyrus harmandi <Unverified Name>[3]
Dactylogyrus hypophthalmichthys <Unverified Name>[3]
Dactylogyrus magnihamatus <Unverified Name>[3]
Dactylogyrus skrjabini <Unverified Name>[3]
Dactylogyrus suchengtaii <Unverified Name>[3]
Dactylogyrus vaginulatus <Unverified Name>[3]
Dactylogyrus whuensis <Unverified Name>[3]
Dactylogyrus wuhuensis <Unverified Name>[3]
Dactylogyrus yinwenyingae <Unverified Name>[3]
Digramma interrupta <Unverified Name>[3]
Diplostomum hupehensis <Unverified Name>[3]
Diplostomum indistinctum <Unverified Name>[3]
Diplostomum niedashui <Unverified Name>[3]
Diplostomum nordmanni[3]
Diplostomum paraspathaceum[3]
Diplostomum rutili[3]
Diplostomum spathaceum[3]
Diplostomum volvens[3]
Diplozoon doi <Unverified Name>[3]
Eudiplozoon nipponicum <Unverified Name>[3]
Gyrodactylus hypophthalmichthysi <Unverified Name>[3]
Gyrodactylus nemachili <Unverified Name>[3]
Inustiatus inustiatus <Unverified Name>[3]
Khawia sinensis <Unverified Name>[3]
Ligula intestinalis[3]
Orientotrema japonica <Unverified Name>[3]
Pallisentis ussuriensis[3]
Paradiplozoon doi <Unverified Name>[3]
Paradiplozoon homoion[3]
Paradiplozoon marinae <Unverified Name>[3]
Posthodiplostomum cuticola[3]
Sanguinicola lungensis <Unverified Name>[3]
Sanguinicola skrjabini <Unverified Name>[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)

Distribution

Afghanistan; Africa-Inland Waters; Algeria; America, North - Inland waters; America, South - Inland waters; Amur; Argentina; Armenia; Asia - Inland waters; Asia: China and Eastern Siberia. Introduced around the world for aquaculture and control of algal blooms. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.; Australian; Austria; Baltic Sea; Bangladesh; Belgium; Bhutan; Bosten Lake; Brazil; Bulgaria; Cambodia; Caspian Sea; Cauvery; China; Costa Rica; Cuba; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Danube; Dominican Republic; Don; Egypt; Erqishi River; Estonia; Ethiopia; Ethiopian; Europe - Inland waters; Europe and Asia: Native to most major Pacific dainages of East Asia from Amur to Xi Jiang, China (Ref. 59043). China and Eastern Siberia. Introduced around the world for aquaculture and control of algal blooms. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction (Ref. 1739). Often confused with <i>Hypophthalmichthys nobilis</i> (Ref. 59043).; Fiji Islands; France; Gaylegphug; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Greece; Honduras; Hong Kong; Hungary; India; Indonesia; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Iraq; Israel; Italy; Jamaica; Japan; Jordan; Kabul; Kamchatka; Kazakhstan; Korea, Republic of; Krishna River; Kuban River; Laguna de Bay; Lake Biwa; Lao People's Dem. Rep.; Latvia; Lebanon; Loire; Madagascar; Malawi; Malaysia; Mauritius; Mexico; Mississippi; Missouri; Moldova, Republic of; Mongolia; Morocco; Mozambique; Myanmar; Nakdong; Nearctic; Neotropical; Nepal; Netherlands; New Zealand; Oceania - Inland waters; Oriental; Pakistan; Palearctic; Panama; Peru; Philippines; Poland; Puerto Rico; Rhine; Rhône; Romania; Russian Federation; Rwanda; Sakhalin Island; Saudi Arabia; Seine; Serbia and Montenegro; Singapore; Slovakia; South Africa; Sri Lanka; Sweden; Switzerland; Taiwan; Tarim; Thailand; Turkey; Turkmenistan; USA (contiguous states); Ukraine; United Kingdom; Uzbekistan; Viet Nam; Volga; Yangtze; Yili River;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by , , in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Invasive Status provided by Global Invasive Species Database Downloaded on 10 May 2011.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011