Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Cypriniformes > Cyprinidae > Hypophthalmichthys > Hypophthalmichthys molitrix

Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Silver carp; Chinese schemer; Chinese carp; Carp)

Synonyms: Abramocephalus microlepis; Cephalus mantschuricus; Hypophthalmichthys dybowskii; Hypopthalmichthys molitrix; Hypothalmichthys molitrix; Hypothamicthys molitrix; Leuciscus hypophthalmus; Leuciscus molitrix; Onychodon mantschuricus
Language: Afrikaans; Albanian; Bulgarian; Cantonese; Czech; Danish; Dutch; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Hebrew; Hungarian; Italian; Japanese; Kannada; Kirghiz; Korean; Malay; Mandarin Chinese; Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug; Norwegian; Persian; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Slovak; Spanish; Swedish; Thai; Ukrainian

Wikipedia Abstract

The silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) is a species of freshwater cyprinid fish, a variety of Asian carp native to China and Eastern Siberia. It is cultivated in China. More silver carp are produced worldwide in aquaculture than any other species by weight. They are usually farmed in polyculture with other Asian carp, or sometimes Indian carp or other species. The species has been introduced to, or spread by connected waterways, into at least 88 countries around the world.
View Wikipedia Record: Hypophthalmichthys molitrix

Invasive Species

Hypophthalmichthys molitrix is a carp, native to Asia. Hypophthalmichthys molitrix have been introduced around the world for aquaculture purposes and also for controlling excessive growth of phytoplankton in natural waters. Hypophthalmichthys molitrix have the potential to reduce native diversity by competing for and depleting zooplankton populations, altering the food web. Hypophthalmichthys molitrix have also been found to carry and transmit the disease Salmonella typhimurium.
View ISSG Record: Hypophthalmichthys molitrix


Female Maturity [1]  6 years
Diet [2]  Planktivore, Detritivore, Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Adult Length [1]  3.4 feet (105 cm)
Brood Dispersal [1]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Pelagophils
Brood Guarder [1]  No
Litter Size [1]  1,000,000
Maximum Longevity [1]  10 years
Migration [2]  Potamodromous


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Cantabric Coast - Languedoc France, Spain Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Central Prairie United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Cumberland United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Honshu - Shikoku - Kyushu Japan Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Lower Mississippi United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Middle Missouri United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    
Ouachita Highlands United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Ozark Highlands United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Teays - Old Ohio United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Tennessee United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Upper Mississippi United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Amudarya Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 152861 Lebap, Turkmenistan  
Batang Ai National Park II 62638 Sarawak, Malaysia
Codru (Kodry) Zapovednik Scientific Reserve Ia   Moldova  
Danau Sentarum National Park 347674 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Fanjingshan Nature Reserve V 86145 Guizhou, China  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Neusiedler See-Osterreichischer Teil   Austria      
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Polana Biosphere Reserve 50311 Slovakia  
Prespa National Park II 62043 Greece  
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Shiga Highland Biosphere Reserve 32124 Honshu, Japan  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Vessertal-Thuringian Forest Biosphere Reserve 42250 Germany  

Prey / Diet

Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[3]


Siniperca chuatsi (Chinese bass)[3]


Parasitized by 
Acanthogyrus multispinus[3]
Acanthogyrus pseudoholospinus <Unverified Name>[4]
Acanthogyrus similis[4]
Allocreadium hypophthalmichthydis <Unverified Name>[4]
Amurotrema dombrowskajae <Unverified Name>[4]
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi[4]
Bothriocephalus gowkongensis[4]
Capillaria fuzhouensis <Unverified Name>[4]
Carassotrema koreanum <Unverified Name>[4]
Carassotrema kui <Unverified Name>[4]
Carassotrema megapharyngus <Unverified Name>[4]
Carassotrema schistorchis <Unverified Name>[4]
Carassotrema wui <Unverified Name>[4]
Centrocestus formosanus <Unverified Name>[4]
Clonorchis sinensis (human liver fluke)[4]
Dactylogyrus anchoratus[4]
Dactylogyrus aristichthys <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus chenshuchenae <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus harmandi <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus hypophthalmichthys <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus magnihamatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus skrjabini <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus suchengtaii <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus vaginulatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus whuensis <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus wuhuensis <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus yinwenyingae <Unverified Name>[4]
Digramma interrupta <Unverified Name>[4]
Diplostomum hupehensis <Unverified Name>[4]
Diplostomum indistinctum <Unverified Name>[4]
Diplostomum niedashui <Unverified Name>[4]
Diplostomum nordmanni[4]
Diplostomum paraspathaceum[4]
Diplostomum rutili[4]
Diplostomum spathaceum[4]
Diplostomum volvens[4]
Diplozoon doi <Unverified Name>[4]
Eudiplozoon nipponicum <Unverified Name>[4]
Gyrodactylus hypophthalmichthysi <Unverified Name>[4]
Gyrodactylus nemachili <Unverified Name>[4]
Inustiatus inustiatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Khawia sinensis <Unverified Name>[4]
Ligula intestinalis[4]
Orientotrema japonica <Unverified Name>[4]
Pallisentis ussuriense[4]
Paradiplozoon doi <Unverified Name>[4]
Paradiplozoon homoion[4]
Paradiplozoon marinae <Unverified Name>[4]
Posthodiplostomum cuticola[4]
Sanguinicola lungensis <Unverified Name>[4]
Sanguinicola skrjabini <Unverified Name>[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)


Afghanistan; Africa-Inland Waters; Algeria; America, North - Inland waters; America, South - Inland waters; Amur; Argentina; Armenia; Asia - Inland waters; Asia: China and Eastern Siberia. Introduced around the world for aquaculture and control of algal blooms. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.; Australian; Austria; Baltic Sea; Bangladesh; Belgium; Bhutan; Bosten Lake; Brazil; Bulgaria; Cambodia; Caspian Sea; Cauvery; China; Costa Rica; Cuba; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Danube; Dominican Republic; Don; Egypt; Erqishi River; Estonia; Ethiopia; Ethiopian; Europe - Inland waters; Europe and Asia: Native to most major Pacific dainages of East Asia from Amur to Xi Jiang, China (Ref. 59043). China and Eastern Siberia. Introduced around the world for aquaculture and control of algal blooms. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction (Ref. 1739). Often confused with <i>Hypophthalmichthys nobilis</i> (Ref. 59043).; Fiji Islands; France; Gaylegphug; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Greece; Honduras; Hong Kong; Hungary; India; Indonesia; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Iraq; Israel; Italy; Jamaica; Japan; Jordan; Kabul; Kamchatka; Kazakhstan; Korea, Republic of; Krishna River; Kuban River; Laguna de Bay; Lake Biwa; Lao People's Dem. Rep.; Latvia; Lebanon; Loire; Madagascar; Malawi; Malaysia; Mauritius; Mexico; Mississippi; Missouri; Moldova, Republic of; Mongolia; Morocco; Mozambique; Myanmar; Nakdong; Nearctic; Neotropical; Nepal; Netherlands; New Zealand; Oceania - Inland waters; Oriental; Pakistan; Palearctic; Panama; Peru; Philippines; Poland; Puerto Rico; Rhine; Rhône; Romania; Russian Federation; Rwanda; Sakhalin Island; Saudi Arabia; Seine; Serbia and Montenegro; Singapore; Slovakia; South Africa; Sri Lanka; Sweden; Switzerland; Taiwan; Tarim; Thailand; Turkey; Turkmenistan; USA (contiguous states); Ukraine; United Kingdom; Uzbekistan; Viet Nam; Volga; Yangtze; Yili River;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access