Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Siluriformes > Ictaluridae > Ictalurus > Ictalurus punctatus

Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish; Graceful catfish; Catfish)

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Wikipedia Abstract

Channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) is North America's most numerous catfish species. It is the official fish of Kansas, Missouri, Iowa, Nebraska,and Tennessee, and is informally referred to as a "channel cat". In the United States, they are the most fished catfish species with approximately 8 million anglers targeting them per year. The popularity of channel catfish for food has contributed to the rapid growth of aquaculture of this species in the United States.
View Wikipedia Record: Ictalurus punctatus


Adult Weight [3]  30.28 lbs (13.73 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  3 years 6 months
Adult Length [2]  4.3 feet (132 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In a nest
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Speleophils (cavity generalist)
Brood Guarder [2]  Yes
Diet [1]  Omnivore
Litter Size [2]  10,600
Maximum Longevity [2]  16 years
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Water Biome [1]  Benthic, Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams, Brackish Water

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Amistad National Recreation Area   Texas, United States
Audubon National Wildlife Refuge IV 14642 North Dakota, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Buffalo National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 59947 Arkansas, United States
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Congaree Swamp National Park II 6095 South Carolina, United States
Devils Tower National Monument V 1361 Wyoming, United States
Fathom Five National Marine Park II   Ontario, Canada
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
Golden Gate National Recreation Area V 26135 California, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park VI 715 West Virginia, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Jean Lafitte National Hist. Park & Preserve National Historical Park II 17686 Louisiana, United States
Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge VI 28351 Louisiana, United States
Lake Meredith National Recreation Area V   Texas, United States
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Little River National Wildlife Refuge   Oklahoma, United States
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
New Jersey Pinelands Biosphere Reserve   New Jersey, United States  
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Temperate Lakes LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Wisconsin, United States
Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park 20001 Tennessee, United States
Obed Wild and Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 5268 Tennessee, United States
Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge IV 38256 Florida, United States
Rock Creek Park   District of Columbia, United States
Saint Croix International Historic Site   Maine, United States
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
San Antonio Missions National Historical Park VI 854 Texas, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
Wilson's Creek National Battlefield V   Missouri, United States


Emblem of


Prey / Diet

Ameiurus natalis (Yellow bullhead)[4]
Anax junius (green darner)[4]
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)[4]
Calopteryx maculata (Ebony jewelwing)[4]
Corydalus cornutus (dobsonfly)[4]
Cyprinus carpio (Common carp)[4]
Daphnia ambigua (Water flea)[4]
Dolomedes triton (Six-spottedfishingspider)[4]
Etheostoma olmstedi (Tessellated darter)[4]
Gambusia holbrooki (Bore-drain fish)[4]
Hyalella azteca (Scud)[4]
Hypentelium nigricans (Northern hog sucker)[4]
Lampsilis radiata (eastern lampmussel)[4]
Libellula lydia (Common whitetail)[4]
Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri (Aquatic worm)[4]
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)[4]
Lymnaea stagnalis (swamp lymnaea)[4]
Macrobdella decora (Freshwater leech)[4]
Notemigonus crysoleucas (Golden shiner minnow)[4]
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)[4]
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)[4]
Semotilus atromaculatus (Horned dace)[4]
Ulmus americana (American elm)[4]
Lemna minor (common duckweed)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)3
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)1
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)5
Ambystoma maculatum (Spotted Salamander)4
Ameiurus melas (Black bullhead)1
Ameiurus natalis (Yellow bullhead)7
Anas acuta (Northern Pintail)1
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)10
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)2
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)6
Archoplites interruptus (Sacramento perch)1
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)5
Aythya affinis (Lesser Scaup)1
Branta canadensis (Canada Goose)1
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)2
Cameraria ulmella1
Castor canadensis (american beaver)2
Cerococcus parrotti1
Charadrius vociferus (Killdeer)3
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)8
Chionaspis americana (Elm chionaspis)1
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)1
Cyprinus carpio (Common carp)7
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)3
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)2
Etheostoma olmstedi (Tessellated darter)4
Eulecanium caryae (large hickory lecanium)1
Fissuraspis ulmi (elm scale)1
Gambusia holbrooki (Bore-drain fish)6
Geothlypis trichas (Common Yellowthroat)2
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)1
Hemiberlesia neodiffinis1
Hypentelium nigricans (Northern hog sucker)8
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)4
Lecanodiaspis prosopidis1
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)8
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)4
Marmota monax (woodchuck)1
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)4
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)11
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)1
Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)2
Notemigonus crysoleucas (Golden shiner minnow)5
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)7
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)1
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)4
Perca flavescens (Yellow perch)1
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)6
Phyllonorycter argentinotella1
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)9
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)4
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)2
Pseudemys nelsoni (Florida Redbelly Turtle)1
Sciurus griseus (western gray squirrel)1
Semotilus atromaculatus (Horned dace)7
Spinus tristis (American Goldfinch)1
Strix varia (Barred Owl)4
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)1
Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)2
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)1
Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow)1


Anax junius (green darner)[4]
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)[4]
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)[4]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[4]
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)[4]
Macrobdella decora (Freshwater leech)[4]
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)[4]
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)[4]
Notemigonus crysoleucas (Golden shiner minnow)[4]
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)[4]
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)[4]
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)[4]


Phragmites australis (common reed)[4]
Platanus mexicana (American sycamore)[4]
Pontederia cordata (Pickerel Weed)[4]
Salix nigra (black willow)[4]
Scirpus cyperinus (Woolly Grass Bulrush)[4]
Zizania aquatica (annual wildrice)[4]
Lemna minor (common duckweed)[4]


Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus dirus[5]
Acetodextra amiuri <Unverified Name>[5]
Alloglossidium corti[5]
Alloglossidium geminum <Unverified Name>[5]
Alloglossidium kenti <Unverified Name>[5]
Apophallus venustus[5]
Azygia angusticauda[5]
Azygia longa[5]
Bolbophorus confusus[5]
Bolbophorus damnificus <Unverified Name>[5]
Centrocestus formosanus <Unverified Name>[5]
Cleidodiscus floridanus <Unverified Name>[5]
Cleidodiscus pricei[5]
Clinostomum complanatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Clinostomum marginatum[5]
Corallobothrium fimbriatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Corallobothrium giganteum <Unverified Name>[5]
Crepidostomum cornutum[5]
Crepidostomum ictaluri <Unverified Name>[5]
Dactylogyrus extensus[5]
Dichelyne mexicanus <Unverified Name>[5]
Diplostomulum metacercaria <Unverified Name>[5]
Diplostomum spathaceum[5]
Echinorhynchus salmonis[5]
Eustrongylides tubifex <Unverified Name>[5]
Gyrodactylus ictaluri <Unverified Name>[5]
Holostephanus ictaluri[5]
Leptorhynchoides thecatus[5]
Ligictaluridus floridanus <Unverified Name>[5]
Ligictaluridus mirabilis <Unverified Name>[5]
Ligictaluridus pricei <Unverified Name>[5]
Megalogonia ictaluri[5]
Megathylacoides giganteum <Unverified Name>[5]
Microphallus opacus[5]
Ophiotaenia fragilis <Unverified Name>[5]
Phyllodistomum lacustris[5]
Phyllodistomum staffordi[5]
Polylekithum ictaluri[5]
Pomphorhynchus bulbocolli[5]
Proteocephalus ambloplitis <Unverified Name>[5]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[5]
Spinitectus macrospinosus <Unverified Name>[5]
Thometrema lotzi[5]
Vietosoma parvum <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Alexandria Zoological Park
Aquarium du Quebec
Audubon Zoo
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Cameron Park Zoo
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Disney's Animal Kingdom
ECHO Lake Aquarium & Science Center
El Paso Zoo
Florida Aquarium
Fort Worth Zoological Park
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Nat'l Mississippi River Museum & Aquar
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
Wonders of Wildlife Museum

Range Map

Africa-Inland Waters; America, North - Inland waters; America, South - Inland waters; Armenia; Asia - Inland waters; Belgium; Brazil; Bulgaria; Canada; China; Colorado; Cuba; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Dominican Republic; Don; Ethiopian; Europe - Inland waters; Former USSR - Inland waters; France; Hawaii (USA); Hungary; Italy; Japan; Korea, Republic of; Kuban River; Mexico; Mississippi; Missouri; Nearctic; Neotropical; Nigeria; North America: Central drainages of the United States to southern Canada and northern Mexico.; North America: Central drainages of the United States to southern Canada and northern Mexico. Trade restricted in Germany (Anl.3 BArtSchV).; Oceania - Inland waters; Oriental; Palearctic; Panama; Philippines; Puerto Rico; Rio Grande; Russian Federation; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovakia; Spain; Taiwan; Thailand; USA (contiguous states); Ukraine; United Kingdom; Uzbekistan; Volga;



Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at 2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4Study of Northern Virginia Ecology 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access