Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Latidae > Lates > Lates niloticus

Lates niloticus (Victoria perch; Nile perch)

Synonyms: Centropomus niloticus; Labrus niloticus; Lates albertianus; Lates niloticus albertianus; Lates niloticus macrolepidota; Lates niloticus macrolepidotus; Lates nilotus rudolfianus
Language: Adangme; Arabic; Danish; Dinka, Northeastern; El Molo; Ewe; Finnish; French; Ga; German; Hausa; Igbo; Ijo; Jula; Kanuri; Kim; Luo; Mandarin Chinese; Mòoré; Mor; Norwegian; Nupe; Other; Portuguese; Shilluk; Spanish; Swahili; Swedish; Turkana; Wolof; Yoruba; Zande

Wikipedia Abstract

The Nile perch (Lates niloticus) is a species of freshwaterfish in family Latidae of order Perciformes. It is widespread throughout much of the Afrotropic ecozone, being native to the Congo, Nile, Senegal, Niger, and Lake Chad, Volta, Lake Turkana, and other river basins. It also occurs in the brackish waters of Lake Maryut in Egypt. Originally described as Labrus niloticus, among the marine wrasses, the species has also been referred to as Centropomus niloticus. Common names include African snook, Victoria perch (a misleading trade name, as the species is not native to Lake Victoria), and a large number of local names in various African languages, such as the Luo name mbuta or mputa. In Tanzania, it is called sangara, sankara or chenku. In Francophone African countries, it is known as cap
View Wikipedia Record: Lates niloticus

Invasive Species

The Nile perch (Lates niloticus) is a large freshwater fish. Also known as capitaine, mputa or sangara, it can grow up to 200kg and two metres in length. It was introduced to Lake Victoria in 1954 where it has contributed to the extinction of more than 200 endemic fish species through predation and competition for food.
View ISSG Record: Lates niloticus


Adult Weight [1]  242.51 lbs (110.00 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  2 years 6 months
Maximum Longevity [1]  7 years 9 months
Migration [2]  Potamodromous


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
East Texas Gulf United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    

Prey / Diet

Bagrus docmak (Sudan catfish)[3]
Caridina nilotica[4]
Chrysichthys auratus (Golden Nile catfish)[5]
Clarias gariepinus (Sharptoothed catfish)[3]
Enteromius callipterus (Clipper barb)[5]
Enteromius chlorotaenia[5]
Labeo victorianus (Ningu)[3]
Lates niloticus (Victoria perch)[3]
Oreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)[3]
Povilla adusta (African burrowing mayfly)[3]
Protopterus aethiopicus (marbled lungfish)[3]
Rastrineobola argentea (Silver cyprinid)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Brycinus nurse (Silversides)1
Enteromius brevipinnis (Shortfin Barb)1
Hepsetus odoe (Pike characid)1
Hydrocynus forskahlii (Tigerfish)1
Rastrineobola argentea (Silver cyprinid)1


Bagrus bajad (Silver catfish)[3]
Lates niloticus (Victoria perch)[3]


Parasitized by 
Acanthostomum absconditum[3]
Cichlidogyrus arthracanthus[6]
Cucullanus barbi <Unverified Name>[6]
Dichelyne fosser <Unverified Name>[6]
Diplectanum echinophallus <Unverified Name>[6]
Diplectanum lacustris <Unverified Name>[6]
Macrogyrodactylus latesi <Unverified Name>[6]
Paragorgorhynchus albertianus[6]
Paragorgorhynchus aswanensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Paragorgorhynchus chariensis[6]
Proctocaecum knobus <Unverified Name>[6]
Proctocaecum niloticum <Unverified Name>[6]
Spinitectus allaeri <Unverified Name>[6]
Spinitectus moraveci <Unverified Name>[6]
Tenuisentis niloticus[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Copenhagen Zoo
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa

Range Map

Africa-Inland Waters; Africa: Widespread throughout the Ethiopian Region of Africa, occurring commonly in all major river basins including the Nile, Chad, Senegal, Volta and Congo. Present in the brackish waters of Lake Mariout, near Alexandria. Exists in Lakes Albert, Rudo; Africa: Widespread throughout the Ethiopian Region of Africa, occurring commonly in all major river basins including the Nile, Chad, Senegal, Volta and Congo. Present in the brackish waters of Lake Mariout, near Alexandria. Exists in Lakes Albert, Rudolph and Tana. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.; America, North - Inland waters; Bandama River; Benin; Benue River; Cameroon; Chad; Comoé River; Congo, Republic of; Corubal; Cross River; Cuba; Côte d'Ivoire; Egypt; Ethiopia; Ethiopian; Fatala; Ghana; Great Scarcies; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Géba; Kainji Lake; Kenya; Kogon; Konkouré; Lake Chad/Chari River; Lake Turkana; Lake Victoria; Liberia; Little Scarcies; Mali; Mauritania; Moa; Mono River; Morocco; Neotropical; Niger; Nigeria; Nile; Ogun; Ouémé River; Rokel River; Saint John; Saint Paul; Sanaga; Sassandra River; Senegal; Sewa River; Sierra Leone; Sudan; Tanzania, United Rep. of; Togo; Uganda; Volta; Zaïre;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Budeba YL (1999) The role of Caridina Nilotica (Roux) in Lake Victoria fisheries with reference to Lates niloticus (L.). In: Report on the 4th Fisheries Data Working Group (FIDAWOG) Workshop (eds IGCowx & D. Tweddle) pp. 163–74. LVFRP, Jinja, Uganda.
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access