Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Gadiformes > Lotidae > Lota > Lota lota

Lota lota (Thin-tailed burbot; Mud shark; Maria; Lush; Ling; Lawyer; Freshwater eel; Freshwater cod; Ellpout; Eelpout; Burbot; American burbot)

Synonyms: Enchelyopus lota; Gadus compressus; Gadus lacustris; Gadus lota; Gadus maculosa; Gadus maculosus; Lota brosmiana; Lota brosmina; Lota communis; Lota compressa; Lota fluviatilis; Lota inornata; Lota linnei; Lota lota asiatica; Lota lota kamensis; Lota lota lacustris; Lota lota leptura; Lota lota lota; Lota lota maculosa; Lota lota onegensis; Lota maculosa; Lota marmorata; Lota vulgaris; Lota vulgaris obensis; Molva lota; Molva maculosa
Language: Bulgarian; Cree; Czech; Danish; Dutch; Estonian; Finnish; French; German; Hungarian; Inuktitut; Italian; Korean; Latvian; Lithuanian; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Other; Persian; Polish; Portuguese; Prussian, Old; Romanian; Russian; Serbian; Slovak; Slovenian; Spanish; Swedish; Ukrainian

Wikipedia Abstract

The burbot (Lota lota) or bubbot is the only gadiform (cod-like) freshwater fish. Also known as mariah, freshwater ling, the lawyer, coney-fish, lingcod and (misleadingly) eelpout, the burbot is closely related to the marine common ling and the cusk. It is the only member of the genus Lota.The Burbot is the only individual from the cod family that lives in freshwater. For some time of the year the burbot lives under ice. They require frigid temperatures to breed.
View Wikipedia Record: Lota lota


Adult Weight [3]  41.23 lbs (18.70 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  4 years
Male Maturity [3]  3 years
Adult Length [2]  5.0 feet (152 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Litho-pelagophils
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Litter Size [2]  1,362,000
Maximum Longevity [2]  20 years
Migration [1]  Potamodromous
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Water Biome [1]  Benthic, Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams, Brackish Water

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Adamello Presanella 69894 Italy  
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Alto Garda Bresciano 53192 Italy  
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Audubon National Wildlife Refuge IV 14642 North Dakota, United States
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berchtesgaden Alps National Park II 51433 Germany
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Czarna Orawa 455 Poland  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Dolina Lachy 2449 Poland  
Dolina Lupawy 13612 Poland  
Dolina Srodkowej Pilicy 9359 Poland  
Dolina Wieprzy i Studnicy 35457 Poland  
Dorzecze Parsety 68474 Poland  
Drahendorfer Spreeniederung 1528 Germany  
Fathom Five National Marine Park II   Ontario, Canada
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Juån 24 Sweden  
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
Kivach Zapovednik IV 26885 Karelia, Russia
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kostomukshsky Zapovednik Ia 117269 Karelia, Russia
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lago d'Idro 35 Italy  
Lago di Mezzola e Pian di Spagna 3981 Italy  
Lake Torne Area Biosphere Reserve 238457 Sweden  
Müggelspreeniederung 1558 Germany  
Moyenne vallée de l'Oise 13902 France  
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Neusiedler See-Osterreichischer Teil   Austria      
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Temperate Lakes LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Wisconsin, United States
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Ostoja Nidzianska 68254 Poland  
Ostoja Suwalska 15690 Poland  
Ostoja Welska 8363 Poland  
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Parco Regionale Oglio Sud 9941 Italy  
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Przywidz 2355 Poland  
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Queen Maud Gulf Bird Sanctuary Migratory Bird Sanctuary IV 15335601 Nunavut, Canada
Rheinsberger Rhin und Hellberge 2123 Germany  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Ruegen   Germany      
Saint Croix International Historic Site   Maine, United States
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Schaalsee   Germany      
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Stadthavel 639 Germany  
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Triglav National Park II   Slovenia
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Tuktut Nogait National Park II 5761538 Northwest Territories, Canada
Ukkusiksalik National Park II   Nunavut, Canada
Visimskiy Zapovednik Biosphere Reserve 443816 Russia  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Wisenta und Zeitera 991 Germany  
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States


Prey / Diet

Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)[4]
Coregonus hoyi (Bloater)[4]
Cottus cognatus (Anadyr sculpin)[4]
Dallia pectoralis (Alaska blackfish)[5]
Myoxocephalus quadricornis (Alaska fourhorn sculpin)[4]
Neogobius melanostomus (Round goby)[4]
Osmerus mordax (Rainbow smelt)[4]
Perca flavescens (Yellow perch)[4]
Sergentia coracina (chironomid)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)1
Coregonus clupeaformis (Common whitefish)1
Coregonus hoyi (Bloater)1
Cottus cognatus (Anadyr sculpin)1
Esox lucius (Jack)2
Gavia pacifica (Pacific Loon)1
Lontra canadensis (northern river otter)1
Micropterus dolomieu (Smallmouth bass)7
Myoxocephalus quadricornis (Alaska fourhorn sculpin)1
Neogobius melanostomus (Round goby)1
Oncorhynchus kisutch (coho salmon or silver salmon)7
Oncorhynchus mykiss (redband trout)7
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon or king salmon)7
Osmerus mordax (Rainbow smelt)1
Perca flavescens (Yellow perch)1
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)2
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)2
Salmo trutta (Brown trout)7
Salvelinus namaycush (American lake char)7
Sander vitreus (Walleye)7
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)1
Stenodus leucichthys (Sheefish)1
Sterna forsteri (Forster's Tern)1
Thymallus arcticus (Arctic grayling)1


Delphinapterus leucas (Beluga)[6]
Esox lucius (Jack)[7]
Petromyzon marinus (Eel sucker)[4]


Parasitized by 
Acanthobothrium typicum <Unverified Name>[8]
Acanthocephalus anguillae[8]
Acanthocephalus clavula[8]
Acanthocephalus dirus[8]
Acanthocephalus lucii[8]
Ancyrocephalus paradoxus[8]
Ascaris mucronata <Unverified Name>[8]
Asymphylodora tincae[8]
Azygia angusticauda[8]
Azygia longa[8]
Azygia lucii[8]
Azygia robusta[8]
Bothriocephalus claviceps[8]
Bothriocephalus cuspidatus[8]
Bothriocephalus scorpii[8]
Bucephalus polymorphus[8]
Bunodera luciopercae[8]
Bunodera sacculata[8]
Camallanus ancylodirus <Unverified Name>[8]
Camallanus lacustris[8]
Camallanus oxycephalus <Unverified Name>[8]
Camallanus truncatus[8]
Capillaria bakeri <Unverified Name>[8]
Capillaria tomentosa <Unverified Name>[8]
Clinostomum complanatum <Unverified Name>[8]
Clinostomum marginatum[8]
Comephoronema oschmarini <Unverified Name>[8]
Contracaecum osculatum[8]
Corynosoma semerme[8]
Corynosoma strumosum[8]
Cottocomephoronema problematica <Unverified Name>[8]
Crepidostomum brevivitellum <Unverified Name>[8]
Crepidostomum cooperi[8]
Crepidostomum farionis[8]
Crepidostomum metoecus[8]
Crepidostomum usuriense <Unverified Name>[8]
Crowcrocaecum skrjabini[8]
Cucullanellus cotylophora <Unverified Name>[8]
Cucullanus truttae <Unverified Name>[8]
Cyathocephalus truncatus <Unverified Name>[8]
Cystidicola farionis <Unverified Name>[8]
Cystidicoloides ephemeridarum <Unverified Name>[8]
Cystidicoloides tenuissima <Unverified Name>[8]
Desmidocercella numidica <Unverified Name>[8]
Dichelyne cotylophora <Unverified Name>[8]
Diphyllobothrium alascense[8]
Diphyllobothrium dendriticum[8]
Diphyllobothrium ditremum[8]
Diphyllobothrium latum[8]
Diphyllobothrium plerocercoid <Unverified Name>[8]
Diplostomum baeri[8]
Diplostomum clavatum[8]
Diplostomum helveticum[8]
Diplostomum indistinctum <Unverified Name>[8]
Diplostomum paracaudum <Unverified Name>[8]
Diplostomum paraspathaceum[8]
Diplostomum pseudobaeri <Unverified Name>[8]
Diplostomum rutili[8]
Diplostomum spathaceum[8]
Diplostomum volvens[8]
Echinorhynchus bothniensis[8]
Echinorhynchus cinctulus[8]
Echinorhynchus leidyi[8]
Echinorhynchus rhenanus[8]
Echinorhynchus salmonis[8]
Echinorhynchus truttae[8]
Eubothrium crassum[8]
Eubothrium rugosum[8]
Eubothrium salvelini[8]
Eustrongylides excisus <Unverified Name>[8]
Eustrongylides mergorum <Unverified Name>[8]
Gyrodactylus alexgusevi[8]
Gyrodactylus elegans[8]
Gyrodactylus longiradix <Unverified Name>[8]
Gyrodactylus lotae <Unverified Name>[8]
Haplonema hamulatum <Unverified Name>[8]
Hysterothylacium brachyurum <Unverified Name>[8]
Ichthyobronema gnedini <Unverified Name>[8]
Ichthyobronema hamulatum <Unverified Name>[8]
Ichthyocotylurus erraticus[8]
Ichthyocotylurus pileatus[8]
Isoparorchis hypselobagri <Unverified Name>[8]
Khawia rossittensis <Unverified Name>[8]
Leptorhynchoides thecatus[8]
Ligula intestinalis[8]
Metagonimus yokogawai[8]
Neascus brevicaudatum <Unverified Name>[8]
Neoechinorhynchus cylindratus[8]
Neoechinorhynchus pungitius[8]
Neoechinorhynchus rutili[8]
Neoechinorhynchus saginatus[8]
Neoechinorhynchus salmonis[8]
Nicolla skrjabini <Unverified Name>[8]
Petromyzon marinus[4]
Phyllodistomum megalorchis <Unverified Name>[8]
Polymorphus phippsi[8]
Pomphorhynchus bulbocolli[8]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[8]
Porrocaecum eperlani <Unverified Name>[8]
Posthodiplostomum minimum[8]
Proteocephalus cernuae <Unverified Name>[8]
Proteocephalus longicollis[8]
Proteocephalus macrocephalus[8]
Proteocephalus pearsei <Unverified Name>[8]
Proteocephalus percae[8]
Proteocephalus torulosus[8]
Proterometra autraini <Unverified Name>[8]
Pseudocapillaria salvelini <Unverified Name>[8]
Pseudoechinorhynchus borealis <Unverified Name>[8]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[8]
Pyramicocephalus phocarum[8]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[8]
Rhabdochona cascadilla[8]
Rhabdochona denudata[8]
Sphaerostomum bramae <Unverified Name>[8]
Sphaerostomum globiporum <Unverified Name>[8]
Spinitectus gracilis <Unverified Name>[8]
Sterliadochona tenuissima <Unverified Name>[8]
Tetracotyle percae-fluviatilis <Unverified Name>[8]
Tetracotyle variegatus <Unverified Name>[8]
Triaenophorus crassus[8]
Triaenophorus lucii <Unverified Name>[8]
Triaenophorus nodulosus[8]
Triaenophorus tricuspidatus <Unverified Name>[8]
Tylodelphys clavata[8]
Tylodelphys podicipina[8]
Tylodelphys scheuringi <Unverified Name>[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
ECHO Lake Aquarium & Science Center
Museum de Besancon
Universeum Science Center
Zoological Society of London

Range Map

Alaska (USA); Am-nok; America, North - Inland waters; Amur; Arctic Ocean; Asia - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Austria; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Bulgaria; Canada; Caspian Sea; China; Circumarctic in freshwater (Ref. 1371). Europe: Loire drainage, France eastward to White, Barents and Arctic Sea basins; upper Volga drainage; western Caspian basin; rivers draining to Black Sea; Rhône drainage (France); in Italy native only in Po drainage; eastrward England (now extirpated). In Siberia eastward to River Lena. Reported that populations from eastern Siberia and North America belong to a different species, <i>Lota maculosa</i> (Ref. 59043).; Circumarctic in freshwater.; Czech Republic; Denmark; Don; Elbe; Erqishi River; Estonia; Europe - Inland waters; Finland; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Great Lakes; Hungary; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Italy; Korea, Republic of; Kuban River; Lake Baikal; Latvia; Lithuania; Loire; Mackenzie; Mississippi; Missouri; Mongolia; Nearctic; Netherlands; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Onega River; Palearctic; Poland; Rhône; Romania; Russian Federation; Sakhalin Island; Seine; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovakia; Sweden; Switzerland; USA (contiguous states); Ukraine; United Kingdom; Volga; Yukon;



Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at 2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4NOAA, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory 5Alaska Department of Fish and Game 6Delphinapterus leucas, Barbara E. Stewart and Robert E. A. Stewart, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 336, pp. 1-8 (1989) 7A quantitative comparison between diet and body fatty acid composition in wild northern pike (Esox lucius L.), Karl Schwalme, Fish Physiology and Biochemistry vol. 10 no. 2 pp 91-98 (1992) 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
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