Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Istiophoridae > Makaira > Makaira mazara

Makaira mazara (black spearfish; Pacific blue marlin; Marlin; Indo-Pacific Blue-marlin; Indo-Pacific blue marlin; Cuban blue marlin; Blue marlin fish; Blue marlin; Marlín)

Synonyms: Eumakaira nigra; Istiompax howardi; Istiompax mazara; Makaira ampla mazara; Makaira nigra; Makaira nigricans mazara; Tetrapturus mazara
Language: Afrikaans; Agutaynen; Arabic; Bikol; Carolinian; Cebuano; Chavacano; Creole, French; Danish; Davawenyo; Fijian; French; Hawaiian; Hiligaynon; Ilokano; Japanese; Komoro; Korean; Kuyunon; Malagasy; Malay; Mandarin Chinese; Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug; Misima-Paneati; Polish; Portuguese; Russian; Sinhalese; Somali; Spanish; Swahili; Tagalog; Tahitian; Vietnamese; Waray-waray

Wikipedia Abstract

The Atlantic blue marlin (Makaira nigricans) is a species of marlin endemic to the Atlantic Ocean. The Atlantic blue marlin (hereafter, blue marlin) feeds on a wide variety of organisms near the surface. It uses its bill to stun, injure, or kill while knifing through a school of fish or other prey, then returns to eat the injured or stunned fish. Marlin is a popular game fish. The relatively high fat content of its meat makes it commercially valuable in certain markets.
View Wikipedia Record: Makaira mazara


Adult Weight [1]  206.13 lbs (93.50 kg)
Maximum Longevity [3]  28 years
Migration [2]  Oceanodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  

Prey / Diet

Balistes polylepis (Finescale triggerfish)[4]
Caranx caninus (Pacific crevalle jack)[4]
Chloroscombrus orqueta (Bumper)[4]
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)[4]
Dosidicus gigas (jumbo squid)[5]
Euphylax dovii[4]
Katsuwonus pelamis (White bonito)[4]
Lagocephalus lagocephalus (oceanic puffer)[4]
Lophiomus setigerus (Goosefish)[4]
Microlepidotus inornatus (Wavyline grunt)[4]
Ocythoe tuberculata (Tuberculate Pelagic Octopus)[4]
Pleuroncodes planipes (pelagic red crab)[4]
Prognathodes falcifer (Scythemarked butterflyfish)[4]
Sardinops sagax (Australian pilchard)[4]
Sargocentron punctatissimum (Whitespotted sqirrelfish)[4]
Scomber japonicus (Striped mackerel)[4]
Selar crumenophthalmus (Steenbrass)[4]
Sthenoteuthis oualaniensis (purpleback squid)[5]
Thunnus albacares (Yellowfin-tuna)[4]
Thysanoteuthis rhombus (diamond squid)[5]
Xanthichthys mento (Redtail triggerfish)[4]
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alepisaurus ferox (Wolffish)2
Arctocephalus philippii (Juan Fernández Fur Seal)1
Arctocephalus townsendi (Guadalupe Fur Seal)1
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)3
Istiophorus platypterus (Atlantic sailfish)1
Kajikia audax (Stripey)2
Katsuwonus pelamis (White bonito)1
Lagenorhynchus obscurus (Dusky Dolphin)1
Lutjanus argentiventris (yellowtail snapper)1
Makaira nigricans (Ocean guard)1
Merluccius gayi peruanus (Hake)1
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)2
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)2
Pseudorca crassidens (False Killer Whale)1
Pterodroma phaeopygia (Galapagos Petrel)1
Sphyrna zygaena (Smooth hammerhead shark)1
Stenella attenuata (Pantropical Spotted Dolphin)2
Stenella coeruleoalba (Striped Dolphin)1
Steno bredanensis (Rough-toothed Dolphin)1
Sula sula (Red-footed Booby)1
Thunnus albacares (Yellowfin-tuna)2
Thunnus obesus (Tuna)1
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)2


Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)[4]


Parasitized by 
Bothriocephalus manubriformis[6]
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis[6]
Capsaloides magnaspinosus[6]
Capsaloides nairagi[6]
Dinurus scombri[6]
Ectenurus lepidocybii[6]
Epithelionematobothrium makairi <Unverified Name>[6]
Hirudinella ventricosa[6]
Hysterothylacium incurvum <Unverified Name>[6]
Maccallumtrema microstoma <Unverified Name>[6]
Makairatrema musculicola <Unverified Name>[6]
Metadidymozoon branchiale <Unverified Name>[6]
Neodidymozoon macrostoma <Unverified Name>[6]
Neodidymozoon medistoma <Unverified Name>[6]
Otobothrium dipsacus[6]
Porrocaecum caballeroi <Unverified Name>[6]
Pseudotobothrium dipsacum[6]
Tentacularia coryphaenae[6]
Tristomella ovalis <Unverified Name>[6]
Tristomella pricei[6]
Unitubulotestis makairi <Unverified Name>[6]
Wedlia submaxillaris <Unverified Name>[6]


Agulhas Current; Arabian Sea; Atlantic, Southeast; Australia; Bangladesh; Bay of Bengal; California Current; Chile; China; Christmas Island (Aust.); Colombia; Comoros; Cook Islands; Coral Sea and GBR; Costa Rica; East Central Australian Shelf; East China Sea; Ecuador; El Salvador; Fiji Islands; Guam; Guatemala; Hawaii (USA); Honduras; Humboldt Current; India; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Eastern; Indian Ocean, Western; Indo-Pacific: in tropical, subtropical and sometimes temperate waters (Ref. 9692). It is the most tropical billfish species and is common in equatorial waters. However, many scientists do not view <i>Makaira mazara</i> and <i>Makaira nigricans</i> as d; Indo-Pacific: in tropical, subtropical and sometimes temperate waters (Ref. 9692). It is the most tropical billfish species and is common in equatorial waters. However, many scientists do not view <i>Makaira mazara</i> and <i>Makaira nigricans</i> as distinct species, and that the latter species has been considered a single pantropical occurring in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans. Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (Ref. 26139).; Indonesia; Indonesian Sea; Insular Pacific-Hawaiian; Japan; Kenya; Korea, Republic of; Kuroshio Current; Lagonoy Gulf; Madagascar; Malaysia; Maldives; Marshall Islands; Mauritius; Mexico; Micronesia,Fed.States of; Milne Bay; Mozambique; Namibia; New Caledonia; New Zealand; New Zealand Shelf; Nicaragua; North Australian Shelf; North Marianas; Oman; Pacific Central-American Coastal; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northwest; Pacific, Southeast; Pacific, Southwest; Pacific, Western Central; Pakistan; Palau; Panama; Papua New Guinea; Peru; Peru-Galapagos Waters; Philippines; Polynesian Waters; Ryukyu Islands; Réunion; Sea of Japan; Seychelles; Somali Coastal Current; Somalia; South Africa; South China Sea; Southwest Australian Shelf; Southwest Chilean Waters; Sri Lanka; Sulu-Celebes Sea; Taiwan; Tanzania, United Rep. of; Tasman Sea; Tonga; Tuamoto Islands; Tuvalu; USA (contiguous states); Viet Nam; Wake Island; West Central Australian Shelf; Yellow Sea;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
3Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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