Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Osmeriformes > Osmeridae > Mallotus > Mallotus villosus
 

Mallotus villosus (Capelin; Caplin; White-fish; Tea fish; Roller; Lodde; Cock caplin; Capon; Ceaplin; Capling; Capline; Caplain; Capeling; Capelan; Breakfast fish; Capelan atlantique; Cappelin)

Synonyms: Clupea villosa; Mallotus catervarius; Mallotus villosus catervarius; Mallotus villosus socialis; Salmo catervarius; Salmo socialis
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Wikipedia Abstract

The capelin or caplin, Mallotus villosus, is a small forage fish of the smelt family found in the Atlantic and Arctic oceans. In summer, it grazes on dense swarms of plankton at the edge of the ice shelf. Larger capelin also eat a great deal of krill and other crustaceans. Whales, seals, cod, squid, mackerel, beluga whales and seabirds all prey on capelin, in particular during the spawning season of the capelin while it migrates southwards.
View Wikipedia Record: Mallotus villosus

Attributes

Female Maturity [1]  3 years
Male Maturity [1]  3 years
Maximum Longevity [1]  10 years
Migration [2]  Oceanodromous

Prey / Diet

Calanus cristatus[3]
Calanus finmarchicus[3]
Calanus glacialis[3]
Calanus hyperboreus[3]
Calanus marshallae[4]
Centropages abdominalis[4]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[3]
Metridia longa[3]
Metridia okhotensis[4]
Metridia pacifica[3]
Monoculodes schneideri[3]
Neocalanus plumchrus[3]
Oithona spinirostris[3]
Oncaea borealis[3]
Paraeuchaeta glacialis[3]
Paraeuchaeta norvegica[3]
Paramysis kessleri[3]
Parasagitta elegans (elegant arrow worm)[3]
Parathemisto japonica[3]
Temora longicornis[3]
Themisto abyssorum[3]
Themisto libellula[3]
Thysanoessa inermis[4]
Thysanoessa longicaudata[3]
Thysanoessa raschii (Arctic krill)[4]
Thysanoessa spinifera[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Atheresthes evermanni (Kamchatka flounder)1
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)2
Bathyraja aleutica (Aleutian skate)1
Bathyraja interrupta (Sandpaper skate)2
Limanda aspera (Yellowfin sole)1
Melamphaes lugubris (Highsnout bigscale)1
Merluccius albidus (Offshore whiting)1
Nansenia candida (Bluethroat argentine)1
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)1
Raja rhina (Longnose skate)1
Sardinops sagax (Australian pilchard)2
Sebastes alutus (Snapper)1
Sebastes diploproa (Splitnose rockfish)1
Sebastes flavidus (Yellowtail rockfish)1
Sebastes pinniger (Rockfish)1
Sebastes serranoides (Rockfish)1
Theragra chalcogramma (Whiting)2

Predators

Aethia psittacula (Parakeet Auklet)[3]
Alca torda (Razorbill)[5]
Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)[6]
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[7]
Anoplopoma fimbria (Skil)[3]
Artediellus atlanticus (Atlantic hookear)[8]
Atheresthes evermanni (Kamchatka flounder)[3]
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)[9]
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)[10]
Balaenoptera borealis (Sei Whale)[8]
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)[11]
Bathyraja aleutica (Aleutian skate)[3]
Bathyraja interrupta (Sandpaper skate)[3]
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)[8]
Brachyramphus brevirostris (Kittlitz's Murrelet)[12]
Brachyramphus marmoratus (Marbled Murrelet)[13]
Brachyramphus perdix (Long-billed Murrelet)[3]
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)[3]
Careproctus reinhardti (Longfin seasnail)[8]
Cepphus columba (Pigeon Guillemot)[3]
Cepphus grylle (Black Guillemot)[8]
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)[3]
Chionoecetes opilio (snow crab)[3]
Clangula hyemalis (Oldsquaw)[3]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[3]
Cystophora cristata (Hooded Seal)[14]
Delphinapterus leucas (Beluga)[8]
Eleginus gracilis (Wachna cod)[3]
Erignathus barbatus (Bearded Seal)[8]
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)[3]
Fratercula arctica (Atlantic Puffin)[15]
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)[16]
Fratercula corniculata (Horned Puffin)[17]
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)[5]
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)[9]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[7]
Gadus ogac (White sea nonmigratory cod)[18]
Gaidropsarus argentatus (Treebearded rockling)[8]
Gasterosteus aculeatus (Alaskan stickleback)[3]
Gymnocanthus pistilliger (thread sculpin)[3]
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)[19]
Hemilepidotus jordani (Yellow Irish lord)[3]
Hexagrammos stelleri (Greenling)[20]
Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole)[3]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[21]
Hippoglossoides robustus (Bering flounder)[3]
Hippoglossus hippoglossus (Halibut)[3]
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)[9]
Histriophoca fasciata (Ribbon Seal)[22]
Homo sapiens (man)[3]
Hydrocoloeus minutus (Little Gull)[3]
Hydroprogne caspia (Caspian Tern)[3]
Hypomesus japonicus (Japanese smelt)[3]
Illex illecebrosus (northern shortfin squid)[23]
Lagenorhynchus albirostris (White-beaked Dolphin)[8]
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Pacific White-sided Dolphin)[24]
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)[8]
Larus canus (Mew Gull)[8]
Larus glaucescens (Glaucous-winged Gull)[11]
Larus hyperboreus (Glaucous Gull)[3]
Larus marinus (Great Black-backed Gull)[8]
Lecithaster gibbosus[3]
Liparis gibbus (Dusky snailfish)[8]
Lycenchelys kolthoffi (Checkered wolf eel)[3]
Lycodes esmarkii (Esmark's eelpout)[8]
Lycodes eudipleurostictus (Doubleline eelpout)[3]
Lycodes raridens (sparse-toothed lycod)[3]
Lycodes reticulatus (Arctic eelpout)[8]
Lycodes vahlii (Vahl's eelpout)[3]
Macrourus berglax (smoothspined grenadier)[7]
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)[7]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[3]
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)[8]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[25]
Merluccius productus (Whiting)[26]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[8]
Monodon monoceros (Narwhal)[3]
Morus bassanus (Northern Gannet)[27]
Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus (Sculpin)[3]
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (humpbacked salmon)[3]
Oncorhynchus keta (Calico salmon)[3]
Oncorhynchus kisutch (coho salmon or silver salmon)[3]
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon or king salmon)[3]
Onychoprion aleuticus (Aleutian Tern)[3]
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)[3]
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)[8]
Pagophilus groenlandicus (Harp Seal)[28]
Parahucho perryi (Stringfish)[3]
Paralithodes camtschaticus (red king crab)[3]
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)[3]
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)[8]
Phalacrocorax pelagicus (Pelagic Cormorant)[3]
Phoca largha (Spotted Seal)[22]
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)[3]
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)[29]
Phocoenoides dalli (Dall's Porpoise)[3]
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)[3]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[8]
Polysticta stelleri (Steller's Eider)[3]
Pusa hispida (Ringed Seal)[8]
Raja binoculata (Big skate)[3]
Raja rhina (Longnose skate)[3]
Rajella fyllae (Round ray)[6]
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)[7]
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)[5]
Salmo salar (Atlantic salmon)[3]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[3]
Sebastes aleutianus (Rougheye rockfish)[3]
Sebastes alutus (Snapper)[3]
Sebastes mentella (Redfish)[8]
Sebastes norvegicus (Golden redfish)[3]
Sebastes proriger (Rockfish)[3]
Sebastolobus alascanus (Channel rockcod)[3]
Somniosus microcephalus (gray shark)[3]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[3]
Stercorarius parasiticus (Parasitic Jaeger)[8]
Sterna forsteri (Forster's Tern)[3]
Sterna hirundo (Common Tern)[3]
Sternula albifrons (Little Tern)[3]
Sternula antillarum (Least Tern)[3]
Synthliboramphus antiquus (Ancient Murrelet)[3]
Synthliboramphus wumizusume (Japanese Murrelet)[3]
Thalasseus bernsteini (Chinese Crested Tern)[3]
Theragra chalcogramma (Whiting)[9]
Todarodes sagittatus (European flying squid)[30]
Trichodon trichodon (Sandfish)[3]
Triglops murrayi (Moustache sculpin)[8]
Uria aalge (Common Murre)[5]
Uria lomvia (Thick-billed Murre)[5]

Providers

Parasite of 
Anisakis simplex[3]
Bothrimonus sturionis[3]
Contracaecum osculatum[3]
Corynosoma wegeneri[3]
Derogenes varicus[3]
Echinorhynchus laurentianus[3]
Eubothrium parvum[3]
Gyrodactyloides andriaschewi[3]
Gyrodactyloides petruschewskii[3]
Hemiurus levinseni[3]
Laminiscus gussevi[3]
Lecithaster confusus[3]
Lecithaster gibbosus[3]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[31]
Bothrimonus sturionis[31]
Brachyphallus crenatus[31]
Contracaecum osculatum[31]
Corynosoma wegeneri[31]
Derogenes varicus[31]
Diphyllobothrium plerocercoid <Unverified Name>[31]
Echinorhynchus gadi[31]
Echinorhynchus laurentianus[31]
Eubothrium parvum[31]
Gyrodactyloides andriaschewi[31]
Gyrodactyloides petruschewskii[31]
Hemiurus levinseni[31]
Laminiscus gussevi[31]
Lecithaster confusus[31]
Lecithaster gibbosus[31]
Pronoprymna petrowi <Unverified Name>[31]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[31]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[31]

Distribution

Alaska (USA); Arctic Ocean; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Beaufort Sea; Canada; China; Chukchi Sea; Circumpolar in the Arctic. North Atlantic: Barents Sea up to Bear Island, in the White and Norwegian seas, off the coast of Greenland up to 74°N and from Hudson Bay in Canada to Gulf of Maine, USA. North Pacific: south to Korea and Juan de Fuca Strait; Circumpolar in the Arctic. North Atlantic: Barents Sea up to Bear Island, in the White and Norwegian seas, off the coast of Greenland up to 74°N and from Hudson Bay in Canada to Gulf of Maine, USA. North Pacific: south to Korea and Juan de Fuca Strait, Canada.; Denmark; East Bering Sea; East Greenland Shelf/Sea; East Siberian Sea; Faeroe Islands; Faroe Plateau; Greenland; Gulf of Alaska; Hudson Bay; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Japan; Korea, Dem. People's Rep; Korea, Republic of; Kuroshio Current; Laptev Sea; Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Northeast; Pacific, Northwest; Penobscot Bay; Russian Federation; Scotian Shelf; Sea of Japan; Sea of Okhotsk; Svalbard and Jan Mayen; USA (contiguous states); West Bering Sea; West Greenland Shelf;

Photos

Citations

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Solmundsson, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 54: 624–630. 1997 6Feeding and Food Consumption by the Barents Sea Skates, A.V. Dolgov, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 35: 495–503 7Feeding Habits of Fish Species Distributed on the Grand Bank, Concepción González1, Xabier Paz, Esther Román, and María Hermida, NAFO SCR Doc. 06/31, Serial No. N5251 (2006) 8The role of capelin (Mallotus villosus) in the foodweb of the Barents Sea, A. V. Dolgov, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 59: 1034–1045. 2002 9Groundfish Food Habits and Predation on Commercially Important Prey Species in the Eastern Bering Sea From 1997 Through 2001, Lang, G. M., P. A. Livingston, and K. A. Dodd, 2005, U.S. Dep. Comer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-158, 230 p. 10Diet of minke whales Balaenoptera acutorostrata in Scottish (UK) waters with notes on strandings of this species in Scotland 1992-2002, G.J. Pierce, M.B. Santos, R.J. Reid, I.A.P. Patterson and H.M. Ross, J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. (2004), 84, 1241-1244 11Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979 12Alaska Department of Fish and Game 13Marbled Murrelet Food Habits and Prey Ecology, Esther E. Burkett, USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-152. 1995., Chap 22, p. 223-246 14Estimated Fish Consumption by Hooded Seals (Cystophora cristata), in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, M. O. Hammill, C. Lydersen, K. M. Kovacs and B. Sjare, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 22: 249–257 (1997) 15Winter Diet of Atlantic Puffins (Fratercula arctica) in the Northeast Atlantic, Knud Falk, Jens-Kjeld Jensen and Kaj Kampp, Colonial Waterbirds, Vol. 15, No. 2 (1992), pp. 230-235 16HABITAT USE, DIET AND BREEDING BIOLOGY OF TUFTED PUFFINS IN PRINCE WILLIAM SOUND, ALASKA, John F. Piatt, Daniel D. 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