Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Moronidae > Morone > Morone americana

Morone americana (Wreckfish; White perch; Sea perch)

Synonyms: Morone americanus; Morone pallida; Morone rufa; Perca americana; Perca immaculata; Roccus americanus
Language: Danish; Finnish; French; German; Italian; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Polish; Portuguese; Russian; Spanish; Swedish

Wikipedia Abstract

The white perch (Morone americana) is not a true perch but is, rather, a fish of the temperate bass family, Moronidae, notable as a food and game fish in eastern North America. In some locales it is referred to incorrectly as "silver bass". The name "white perch" is sometimes applied to the white crappie.
View Wikipedia Record: Morone americana

Invasive Species

Morone americana is a semi-anadromous fish native the Atlantic Coast, that has made its way into the Great Lakes through the Erie and Welland canals. Dense Morone americana populations compete for food and feed on the eggs of native species. Hybridisation with other perch species is another threat that may cause dilution to local species gene pools.
View ISSG Record: Morone americana


Adult Weight [3]  2.67 lbs (1.21 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  3 years 6 months
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Adult Length [2]  20 inches (50 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Phyto-lithophils
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Litter Size [2]  150,000
Maximum Longevity [2]  7 years
Migration [1]  Anadromous
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Coastal, Brackish Water


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Appalachian Piedmont United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Laurentian Great Lakes Canada, United States Nearctic Large Lakes    
Middle Missouri United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northeast US & Southeast Canada Atlantic Drainages Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
St. Lawrence Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Upper Mississippi United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
US Southern Plains United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
New Jersey Pinelands Biosphere Reserve   New Jersey, United States  
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Prince Edward Island National Park II   Prince Edward Island, Canada  
Rock Creek Park   District of Columbia, United States
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve 3821173 Canada  

Prey / Diet

Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)[4]
Alosa sapidissima (American shad)[4]
Anchoa mitchilli (Bay anchovy)[4]
Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[4]
Brevoortia tyrannus (Shad)[4]
Chrysaora quinquecirrha (sea nettle)[4]
Crangon septemspinosa (sevenspine bay shrimp)[5]
Crassostrea virginica (American cupped oyster)[4]
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)[4]
Micropogonias undulatus (Atlantic croacker)[4]
Morone americana (Wreckfish)[4]
Morone chrysops (White perch)[4]
Mya arenaria (Clam)[4]
Neomysis americana (Mysid shrimp)[5]
Osmerus mordax (Rainbow smelt)[4]
Sander vitreus (Walleye)[4]
Trinectes maculatus (Hogchoker)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alosa mediocris (Hickory shad)1
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)1
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)2
Ammodytes dubius (offshore sand lance)1
Anchoa hepsetus (Broad-striped anchovy)1
Brevoortia aurea (Brazilian menhaden)1
Brevoortia tyrannus (Shad)1
Brosme brosme (Tusk)1
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)2
Clangula hyemalis (Oldsquaw)1
Coelorinchus caelorhincus (Saddled grenadier)1
Cynoscion regalis (Weakfish)2
Cynoscion striatus (Striped weakfish)1
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)1
Haemulon aurolineatum (Seize)1
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)2
Hypanus say (Say's stingray)1
Larimus fasciatus (Banded drum)1
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)2
Lepophidium profundorum (Fawn cusk-eel)1
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)2
Leucoraja garmani (Freckled skate)1
Leucoraja ocellata (Winter skate)1
Limanda ferruginea (rusty flounder)1
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)2
Menticirrhus americanus (Woundhead)1
Menticirrhus saxatilis (Northern kingfish)2
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)2
Micropogonias furnieri (Whitemouth drummer)1
Morone saxatilis (Striper bass)1
Mustelus canis (Dogfish)1
Mycteroperca microlepis (Velvet rockfish)1
Myoxocephalus aenaeus (Little sculpin)2
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus (Sea raven)1
Ophichthus cruentifer (Snake eel)1
Ophidion marginatum (Striped cusk-eel)1
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)2
Paralichthys orbignyanus1
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)2
Prionotus carolinus (Searobin)2
Prionotus evolans (Striped searobin)2
Pseudopleuronectes americanus (rough flounder)2
Raja eglanteria (Clearnose skate)1
Scomber scombrus (Split)1
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)2
Stenotomus chrysops (Scup)2
Syngnathus fuscus (Northern pipefish)1
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)2
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)2


Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[4]
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)[4]
Mergus serrator (Red-breasted Merganser)[4]
Morone americana (Wreckfish)[4]
Morone saxatilis (Striper bass)[5]
Pandion haliaetus (Osprey)[4]
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)[4]
Sander vitreus (Walleye)[4]


Parasitized by 
Apophallus venustus[6]
Crepidostomum cooperi[6]
Cucullanellus cotylophora <Unverified Name>[6]
Diplocotyle olrikii[6]
Diplostomulum scheuringi <Unverified Name>[6]
Diplostomum huronense[6]
Diplostomum spathaceum[6]
Dollfusentis chandleri[6]
Eustrongylides tubifex <Unverified Name>[6]
Gammacallum macroura[4]
Homalometron pallidum[6]
Lepocreadium areolatum[6]
Lepocreadium californianum[4]
Leptorhynchoides thecatus[6]
Microcotyle eueides[4]
Monocelis lineata[4]
Neochasmus sogandaresi[4]
Neoechinorhynchus cylindratus[6]
Onchocleidus mimus <Unverified Name>[6]
Onchocleidus nactus[6]
Onchocleidus rogersi <Unverified Name>[6]
Paratenuisentis ambiguus[6]
Pauciconfibula subsolana <Unverified Name>[6]
Pedocotyle morone[6]
Philometra rubra[4]
Pomphorhynchus rocci[4]
Proteocephalus ambloplitis <Unverified Name>[6]
Spinitectus carolini <Unverified Name>[6]
Stephanostomum tenue[4]
Triaenophorus nodulosus[6]
Tylodelphys scheuringi <Unverified Name>[6]

Range Map

America, North - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Canada; Lake Waccamaw; Mississippi; Missouri; Nearctic; North America: St. Lawrence-Lake Ontario drainage in Quebec, Canada south to Peedee River in South Carolina, USA.; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Scotian Shelf; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; USA (contiguous states);



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5 Steimle FW, Pikanowski RA, McMillan DG, Zetlin CA, Wilk SJ. 2000. Demersal Fish and American Lobster Diets in the Lower Hudson - Raritan Estuary. US Dep Commer, NOAA Tech Memo NMFS NE 161; 106 p.
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access