Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Moronidae > Morone > Morone saxatilis
 

Morone saxatilis (Striper bass; Striped sea-bass; Striped sea bass; Striped bass; Rockfish; Rock)

Synonyms: Morone lineatus; Morone saxitilis; Perca mitchilli alternata; Perca saxatilis; Roccus lineatus; Roccus saxatilis
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Wikipedia Abstract

The striped bass (Morone saxatilis), also called Atlantic striped bass, striper, linesider, pimpfish, rock, or rockfish, is the state fish of Maryland, Rhode Island, and South Carolina, and the state saltwater (marine) fish of New York, New Jersey, Virginia, and New Hampshire. They are also found in the Minas Basin, Gaspereau River, and Northumberland Strait in Nova Scotia, Canada, and the Miramichi River and Saint John River in New Brunswick, Canada.
View Wikipedia Record: Morone saxatilis

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  69.12 lbs (31.35 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  4 years 6 months
Adult Length [1]  6.6 feet (200 cm)
Brood Dispersal [1]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Phyto-lithophils
Brood Guarder [1]  No
Diet [3]  Carnivore
Litter Size [1]  5,000,000
Maximum Longevity [1]  30 years
Migration [3]  Anadromous

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Apalachicola United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Appalachian Piedmont United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central Prairie United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Chesapeake Bay United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Colorado Mexico, United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Columbia Unglaciated United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Cumberland United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
East Texas Gulf United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Florida Peninsula United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    
Gila Mexico, United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Lower Mississippi United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Lower Rio Grande - Bravo Mexico, United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Middle Missouri United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Oregon & Northern California Coastal United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Ouachita Highlands United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Ozark Highlands United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Pecos United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Sabine - Galveston United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Sacramento - San Joaquin United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Teays - Old Ohio United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Tennessee United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Upper Mississippi United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Upper Rio Grande - Bravo Mexico, United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
US Southern Plains United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Vegas - Virgin United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
West Texas Gulf United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Congaree Swamp National Park II 6095 South Carolina, United States
Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary   California, United States
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
New Jersey Pinelands Biosphere Reserve   New Jersey, United States  
Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park 20001 Tennessee, United States
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Rock Creek Park   District of Columbia, United States
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  

Emblem of

Maryland
New Hampshire
New York
Rhode Island
South Carolina

Prey / Diet

Alosa aestivalis (Blue-back herring)[4]
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)[4]
Alosa sapidissima (American shad)[4]
Ameiurus catus (White catfish)[4]
Ammodytes americanus (inshore sand lance)[4]
Anchoa mitchilli (Bay anchovy)[4]
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)[4]
Bairdiella chrysoura (Silver perch)[4]
Brevoortia tyrannus (Shad)[5]
Callinectes sapidus (blue crab)[4]
Cancer irroratus (rock crab)[4]
Corbicula fluminea (Asiatic clam)[4]
Crangon septemspinosa (sevenspine bay shrimp)[6]
Cymatogaster aggregata (Shiner)[4]
Cynoscion regalis (Weakfish)[4]
Cyprinus carpio (Common carp)[4]
Dorosoma cepedianum (American gizzard shad)[4]
Dorosoma petenense (Threadfin shad)[4]
Ethmidium maculatum (Pacific menhaden)[4]
Eucinostomus argenteus (Spotfin mojarra)[4]
Fundulus heteroclitus (mummichog)[4]
Gambusia affinis (Live-bearing tooth-carp)[4]
Gobiosoma bosc (Naked goby)[4]
Hypomesus transpacificus (Delta smelt)[4]
Hypsoblennius hentz (Feather blenny)[4]
Labidesthes sicculus (Brook silverside)[4]
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)[4]
Lepomis macrochirus (Bluegill)[4]
Litopenaeus setiferus (white shrimp)[4]
Livoneca redmanii[4]
Membras martinica (Rough silverside)[4]
Menidia menidia (Tidewater silverside)[4]
Microgadus tomcod (Frostfish)[6]
Micropogonias undulatus (Atlantic croacker)[4]
Morone americana (Wreckfish)[6]
Morone saxatilis (Striper bass)[4]
Mugil curema (White mullet)[4]
Mytilus edulis (Blue mussel)[4]
Neomysis americana (Mysid shrimp)[4]
Neomysis awatschensis[4]
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon or king salmon)[4]
Osmerus mordax (Rainbow smelt)[4]
Pacifastacus leniusculus (signal crayfish)[4]
Palaemonetes pugio (daggerblade grass shrimp)[4]
Palaemonetes vulgaris (marsh grass shrimp)[4]
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)[4]
Peprilus triacanthus (Sheephead)[4]
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)[4]
Rhithropanopeus harrisii (estuarine mud crab)[4]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[4]
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)[4]
Scorpaenichthys marmoratus (Sculpin)[4]
Squilla empusa[4]
Strongylura marina (Atlantic needlefish)[4]
Symphurus plagiusa (Blackcheek tonguefish)[4]
Synodus foetens (Soapfish)[4]
Tautoga onitis (Tautog)[4]
Trinectes maculatus (Hogchoker)[4]
Upogebia affinis (coastal mud shrimp)[4]
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)[5]
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)[4]
Zoarces americanus (Ocean pout)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alosa mediocris (Hickory shad)1
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)1
Brosme brosme (Tusk)1
Carcharhinus falciformis (Silky shark)1
Carcharhinus plumbeus (Thickskin shark)1
Caretta caretta (Loggerhead)1
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)1
Clangula hyemalis (Oldsquaw)1
Coelorinchus caelorhincus (Saddled grenadier)1
Cynoscion regalis (Weakfish)1
Dasyatis say (Say's stingray)1
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)1
Gadus morhua (rock cod)1
Haemulon aurolineatum (Seize)1
Hemitripterus americanus (Wip)1
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)1
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)1
Lagenorhynchus acutus (Atlantic White-sided Dolphin)1
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)1
Lepophidium profundorum (Fawn cusk-eel)1
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)1
Leucoraja garmani (Freckled skate)1
Leucoraja ocellata (Winter skate)1
Limanda ferruginea (rusty flounder)1
Lophius americanus (Monkfish)1
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)1
Menticirrhus americanus (Woundhead)1
Menticirrhus saxatilis (Northern kingfish)1
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)1
Morone americana (Wreckfish)1
Mustelus canis (Dogfish)1
Myoxocephalus aenaeus (Little sculpin)1
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus (Sea raven)1
Ophichthus cruentifer (Snake eel)1
Ophidion marginatum (Striped cusk-eel)1
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)1
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)2
Prionotus carolinus (Searobin)1
Prionotus evolans (Striped searobin)1
Pseudopleuronectes americanus (rough flounder)1
Raja eglanteria (Clearnose skate)1
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)1
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)1
Stenotomus chrysops (Scup)1
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)1
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)1

Predators

Caretta caretta (Loggerhead)[7]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[4]
Homo sapiens (man)[4]
Morone saxatilis (Striper bass)[4]
Notorynchus cepedianus (Tiger shark)[4]
Petromyzon marinus (Eel sucker)[4]
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)[4]
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)[4]
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)[4]

Providers

Parasite of 
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis[4]
Diplectanum collinsi[4]
Dollfusentis chandleri[4]
Homalometron pallidum[4]
Lacistorhynchus dollfusi[4]
Lacistorhynchus tenuis[4]
Lepocreadium areolatum[4]
Lepocreadium setiferoides[4]
Microcotyle eueides[4]
Neobenedenia melleni[4]
Philometra rubra[4]
Pomphorhynchus rocci[4]
Pomphorhynchus tereticollis[4]
Stephanostomum tenue[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis[8]
Diplectanum collinsi[8]
Dollfusentis chandleri[8]
Echinorhynchus gadi[8]
Gamacallum macroura <Unverified Name>[8]
Goezia sinamora <Unverified Name>[8]
Gotocotyla acanthophalus <Unverified Name>[8]
Homalometron pallidum[8]
Lacistorhynchus dollfusi[8]
Lacistorhynchus tenuis[8]
Lepocreadium areolatum[8]
Lepocreadium setiferoides[8]
Microcotyle eueides[8]
Neobenedenia melleni[8]
Neoechinorhynchus rutili[8]
Philometra rubra[8]
Pomphorhynchus bulbocolli[8]
Pomphorhynchus rocci[8]
Pomphorhynchus tereticollis[8]
Stephanostomum tenue[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Aquarium du Quebec
Biodome de Montreal
Florida Aquarium
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Liberty Science Center
New York Aquarium
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Six Flags Discovery Kingdom
Wonders of Wildlife Museum

Distribution

Africa-Inland Waters; America, North - Inland waters; America, South - Inland waters; Argentina; Asia - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Western Central; California Current; Canada; Caspian Sea; China; Ecuador; Ethiopian; Europe - Inland waters; Gulf of Mexico; Hawaii (USA); Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Israel; Japan; Kuban River; Latvia; Mexico; Mississippi; Missouri; Nearctic; Neotropical; Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Oceania - Inland waters; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; Palearctic; Rio Grande; Russian Federation; Scotian Shelf; South Africa; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; St. Lawrence; Turkey; USA (contiguous states); Western Atlantic: St. Lawrence River in Canada to St. John's River in northern Florida and northern Gulf of Mexico; from fresh and brackish tributaries of western Florida to Louisiana in the USA. Introduced to other countries.;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000) 6 Steimle FW, Pikanowski RA, McMillan DG, Zetlin CA, Wilk SJ. 2000. Demersal Fish and American Lobster Diets in the Lower Hudson - Raritan Estuary. US Dep Commer, NOAA Tech Memo NMFS NE 161; 106 p. 7HISTORICAL DIET ANALYSIS OF LOGGERHEAD (CARETTA CARETTA) AND KEMP’S RIDLEY (LEPIDOCHELYS KEMPI) SEA TURTLES IN VIRGINIA, Erin E. Seney, A Thesis Presented to The Faculty of the School of Marine Science The College of William and Mary in Virginia (2003) 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access