Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Cypriniformes > Cyprinidae > Notemigonus > Notemigonus crysoleucas

Notemigonus crysoleucas (Golden shiner minnow; Golden shiner)

Synonyms: Abramis versicolor; Cyprinus crysoleucas; Cyprinus hemiplus; Hemiplus lacustris; Leuciscus boscii; Leuciscus gardoneus; Luxilus leptosomus; Luxilus seco; Notemigonus auratus; Notemigonus ischanus; Plagyrus americanus
Language: Czech; Danish; Finnish; French; German; Tsimshian

Wikipedia Abstract

The golden shiner (Notemigonus crysoleucas) is a cyprinid fish native to eastern North America. It is the sole member of its genus. Much used as a bait fish, it is probably the most widely pond-cultured fish in the United States. It can be found in Quebec and its French name is "Mené jaune" or "Chatte de l'Est".
View Wikipedia Record: Notemigonus crysoleucas


Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Diet [2]  Omnivore, Planktivore
Adult Length [1]  12 inches (30 cm)
Brood Dispersal [1]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Phytophils
Brood Guarder [1]  No
Litter Size [1]  4,700
Maximum Longevity [1]  9 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Colorado Mexico, United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Middle Missouri United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northeast US & Southeast Canada Atlantic Drainages Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Oregon & Northern California Coastal United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Sacramento - San Joaquin United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Teays - Old Ohio United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Tennessee United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Upper Missouri Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
US Southern Plains United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Buffalo National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 59947 Arkansas, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Chickasaw National Recreation Area V 7025 Oklahoma, United States
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Congaree Swamp National Park II 6095 South Carolina, United States
Cosumnes River Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 2138 California, United States
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Fathom Five National Marine Park II   Ontario, Canada
Gauley River National Recreation Area V 10157 West Virginia, United States
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
Georgian Bay Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Golden Gate National Recreation Area V 26135 California, United States
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park VI 715 West Virginia, United States
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site III 861 Pennsylvania, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Jean Lafitte National Hist. Park & Preserve National Historical Park II 17686 Louisiana, United States
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge VI 28351 Louisiana, United States
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Lassen Volcanic National Park II 29388 California, United States
Little River National Wildlife Refuge   Oklahoma, United States
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Manassas National Battlefield Park III 5132 Virginia, United States
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
New Jersey Pinelands Biosphere Reserve   New Jersey, United States  
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Temperate Lakes LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Wisconsin, United States
Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park 20001 Tennessee, United States
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore II 67888 Michigan, United States
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Prince William Forest Park 19378 District of Columbia, United States
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Rock Creek Park   District of Columbia, United States
Roosevelt Vanderbilt National Historic Site   New York, United States      
Saint Croix International Historic Site   Maine, United States
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site III 139 New Hampshire, United States
Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve II 172261 California, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve 3821173 Canada  
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States


Prey / Diet

Aedes albopictus (forest day mosquito)[3]
Ameiurus natalis (Yellow bullhead)[3]
Anax junius (green darner)[3]
Aquarius remigis (Common water strider)[3]
Bosmina longirostris[4]
Chydorus sphaericus[4]
Collotheca mutabilis[4]
Corydalus cornutus (dobsonfly)[3]
Cyclops vernalis[4]
Daphnia ambigua (Water flea)[3]
Daphnia catawba[4]
Daphnia dubia[4]
Daphnia longiremis[4]
Daphnia retrocurva[4]
Diaphanosoma birgei[4]
Diaptomus minutus[4]
Epischura lacustris[4]
Etheostoma olmstedi (Tessellated darter)[3]
Gambusia holbrooki (Bore-drain fish)[3]
Gastropus stylifer[4]
Holopedium gibberum[4]
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)[3]
Kellicottia bostoniensis[4]
Kellicottia longispina[4]
Keratella cochlearis[4]
Keratella crassa[4]
Keratella taurocephala[4]
Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri (Aquatic worm)[3]
Lymnaea stagnalis (swamp lymnaea)[3]
Macrocyclops albidus (Copepod)[3]
Mesocyclops edax[4]
Polyarthra euryptera[4]
Polyarthra remata[4]
Polyarthra vulgaris[4]
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)[3]
Semotilus atromaculatus (Horned dace)[3]
Trichocerca multicrinis[4]
Tropocyclops prasinus[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)3
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)3
Ambystoma maculatum (Spotted Salamander)4
Ameiurus natalis (Yellow bullhead)5
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)4
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)3
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)5
Archilochus colubris (Ruby-throated Hummingbird)1
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)1
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)1
Charadrius vociferus (Killdeer)4
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)1
Cyprinus carpio (Common carp)5
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)3
Etheostoma olmstedi (Tessellated darter)5
Gambusia holbrooki (Bore-drain fish)6
Geothlypis trichas (Common Yellowthroat)1
Hypentelium nigricans (Northern hog sucker)6
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)5
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)1
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)5
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)4
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)2
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)2
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)6
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)7
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)1
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)3
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)5
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)2
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)3
Semotilus atromaculatus (Horned dace)5
Strix varia (Barred Owl)2


Alligator mississippiensis (Alligator, Gator, American alligator, Florida alligator, Mississippi alligator, Louisiana alligator.)[4]
Ameiurus natalis (Yellow bullhead)[3]
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)[3]
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)[3]
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)[3]
Dolomedes triton (Six-spottedfishingspider)[3]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[4]
Hypentelium nigricans (Northern hog sucker)[3]
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)[3]
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)[3]
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)[3]
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)[3]
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)[3]
Mycteria americana (Wood Stork)[4]
Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)[3]
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)[3]
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)[3]
Salvelinus fontinalis (charr)[4]
Semotilus atromaculatus (Horned dace)[3]
Strix varia (Barred Owl)[3]


Hydrilla verticillata (waterthyme)[3]
Lemna minor (common duckweed)[3]
Peltandra virginica (green arrow arum)[3]
Phragmites australis (common reed)[3]
Pontederia cordata (Pickerel Weed)[3]
Potamogeton lucens (long-leaf pondweed)[3]
Typha latifolia (Reedmace)[3]
Zizania aquatica (annual wildrice)[3]


Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus dirus[5]
Allocreadium lobatum[5]
Apophallus brevis[5]
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi[5]
Camallanus oxycephalus <Unverified Name>[5]
Centrocestus formosanus <Unverified Name>[5]
Clinostomum marginatum[5]
Crassiphiala bulboglossa[5]
Dactylogyrus aureus <Unverified Name>[5]
Dactylogyrus bulbus <Unverified Name>[5]
Dactylogyrus luxili <Unverified Name>[5]
Dactylogyrus parvicirrus <Unverified Name>[5]
Diplostomum spathaceum[5]
Gyrodactylus crysoleucas <Unverified Name>[5]
Ligula intestinalis[5]
Neoechinorhynchus notemigoni[5]
Neoechinorhynchus rutili[5]
Octomacrum microconfibula[5]
Plagiocirrus primus[5]
Pliovitellaria wisconsinensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Pomphorhynchus bulbocolli[5]
Pomphorhynchus lucyi[5]
Posthodiplostomum minimum[5]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[5]
Uvulifer ambloplitis <Unverified Name>[5]

Range Map

America, North - Inland waters; Canada; Great Lakes; Lake Waccamaw; Mississippi; Missouri; Nearctic; North America: Atlantic and Gulf Slope drainages from Nova Scotia, Canada to southern Texas, USA; Great Lakes, Hudson Bay (Red River) and Mississippi River basins west to Alberta in Canada, Montana, Wyoming and western Oklahoma, USA.; Rio Grande; USA (contiguous states);



Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
3Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access