Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Salmoniformes > Salmonidae > Oncorhynchus > Oncorhynchus gorbuscha
 

Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (humpbacked salmon; Gorbuscha; Humpback salmon; Pink Salmon; Slimy; Salmon; Pink; Humpy; Humpie; Humpback)

Synonyms: Oncorhynchus scouleri; Salmo gorbuscha; Salmo scouleri
Language: Alutiiq; Danish; Dutch; Faroese; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Haida; Heiltsuk; Icelandic; Inuktitut; Italian; Japanese; Korean; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Nuuchahnulth; Polish; Portuguese; Russian; Salish; Spanish; Swedish; Tsimshian; Turkish

Wikipedia Abstract

Pink salmon or humpback salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) is a species of anadromous fish in the salmon family. It is the smallest and most abundant of the Pacific salmon. The scientific species name is based on the Russian common name for this species gorbúša (горбуша).
View Wikipedia Record: Oncorhynchus gorbuscha

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  8.25 lbs (3.74 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Male Maturity [2]  2 years
Adult Length [1]  30 inches (76 cm)
Brood Dispersal [1]  Hidden
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Lithophils (rock-gravel)
Brood Guarder [1]  No
Diet [3]  Carnivore
Litter Size [1]  1,900
Maximum Longevity [1]  3 years
Migration [3]  Anadromous

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Laurentian Great Lakes Canada, United States Nearctic Large Lakes    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Fathom Five National Marine Park II   Ontario, Canada
Gulf Islands National Park National Park Reserve II 8785 British Columbia, Canada
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States

Prey / Diet

Ammodytes hexapterus (Stout sand lance)[4]
Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[4]
Clione limacina (Naked sea butterfly)[4]
Eurytemora herdmani[4]
Glebocarcinus oregonensis (pygmy rock crab)[5]
Hemilepidotus spinosus (Brown Irish lord)[5]
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)[4]
Limacina helicina (helicid pteropod)[4]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[4]
Metacarcinus magister (Dungeness crab)[5]
Neocalanus cristatus[4]
Neocalanus plumchrus[6]
Parathemisto japonica[4]
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)[4]
Primno macropa[4]
Stenobrachius leucopsarus (Smallfin lanternfish)[4]
Thysanoessa inermis[4]
Thysanoessa spinifera[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aethia pusilla (Least Auklet)1
Balaenoptera borealis (Sei Whale)1
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)1
Clupea pallasii pallasii (Pacific herring)1
Eubalaena glacialis (Northern Right Whale)1
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)1
Lampanyctus jordani (Brokenline lanternfish)1
Oncorhynchus keta (Calico salmon)1
Oncorhynchus nerka (sockeye salmon or kokanee)1
Stenobrachius nannochir (Garnet lampfish)1

Predators

Aethia psittacula (Parakeet Auklet)[4]
Alepisaurus ferox (Wolffish)[4]
Anotopterus nikparini (North Pacific daggertooth)[4]
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)[4]
Brachyramphus marmoratus (Marbled Murrelet)[4]
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)[4]
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)[5]
Cottus aleuticus (Aleutian sculpin)[4]
Cottus asper (Bullhead)[4]
Entosphenus tridentatus (Pacific lamprey)[4]
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)[4]
Fratercula arctica (Atlantic Puffin)[4]
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)[4]
Fratercula corniculata (Horned Puffin)[4]
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)[4]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[4]
Haliaeetus pelagicus (Steller's Sea-Eagle)[7]
Homo sapiens (man)[4]
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Pacific White-sided Dolphin)[5]
Lamna ditropis (Salmon shark)[8]
Lethenteron camtschaticum (Arctic lamprey)[4]
Oncorhynchus kisutch (coho salmon or silver salmon)[4]
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)[4]
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)[4]
Phoca vitulina richardii (Harbor seal)[9]
Salvelinus malma (dolly varden)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[10]
Ascarophis skrjabini <Unverified Name>[10]
Bolbosoma caenoforme[10]
Brachyphallus crenatus[10]
Capillaria salvelini <Unverified Name>[10]
Contracaecum aduncum[10]
Contracaecum robustum[10]
Contracaecum unidentatum[10]
Copiatestes filiferus[10]
Corynosoma strumosum[10]
Crepidostomum farionis[10]
Cyathocephalus truncatus <Unverified Name>[10]
Cystidicola farionis <Unverified Name>[10]
Cystidicola stigmatura <Unverified Name>[10]
Cystidicoloides tenuissima <Unverified Name>[10]
Derogenes varicus[10]
Diphyllobothrium dendriticum[10]
Diphyllobothrium latum[10]
Diphyllobothrium nihonkaiense[10]
Diplocotyle olrikii[10]
Echinorhynchus gadi[10]
Echinorhynchus salmonis[10]
Eubothrium crassum[10]
Eubothrium salvelini[10]
Galactosomum phalacrocoracis[10]
Genolinea anura[10]
Gyrodactyloides strelkowi[10]
Hemiurus levinseni[10]
Laminiscus strelkowi <Unverified Name>[10]
Lecithaster gibbosus[10]
Lecithaster stellatus[10]
Lecithophyllum botryophorum[10]
Nanophyetus salmincola <Unverified Name>[10]
Neoechinorhynchus tumidus[10]
Nybelinia lingualis[10]
Nybelinia surmenicola[10]
Parahemiurus merus[10]
Pelichnibothrium speciosum[10]
Philonema oncorhynchi <Unverified Name>[10]
Phyllobothrium caudatum[10]
Plagioporus shawi[4]
Podocotyle angulata[10]
Podocotyle atomon[10]
Podocotyle reflexa[10]
Pronoprymna petrowi <Unverified Name>[10]
Prosorhynchoides basargini[10]
Prosorhynchoides gracilescens[4]
Proteocephalus parallacticus <Unverified Name>[10]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[10]
Rhabdochona canadensis <Unverified Name>[10]
Rhadinorhynchus trachuri[10]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[10]
Scolex polymorphus <Unverified Name>[10]
Spinitectus gracilis <Unverified Name>[10]
Tetraonchus alaskensis[4]
Tetrarhynchus palaeceus <Unverified Name>[10]
Triaenophorus crassus[10]
Triaenophorus nodulosus[10]
Tubulovesicula lindbergi[10]

Range Map

Alaska (USA); America, North - Inland waters; Amur; Arctic Ocean; Arctic, Northwest to Eastern Central Pacific: Alaska and the Aleutian Islands (Ref. 1998), drainages from Northwest Territories in Canada to southern California in USA. Western Pacific: Russian Federation, the Bering and Okhotsk seas (Ref. 1998); eastern Korea and Hokkaido, Japan (Ref. 559). Import restricted in Germany (Anl.3 BArtSchV). Occasionally hybridizes with <i>Oncorhynchus keta</i> producing fertile offspring (Ref. 28983). Introduced in Iran (Ref. 39702).; Arctic, Northwest to Eastern Central Pacific: Alaska and the Aleutian Islands (Ref. 1998), drainages from Northwest Territories in Canada to southern California in USA; the Bering and Okhotsk seas (Ref. 1998). Western Pacific: Russian Federation (Ref. ; Artic and Pacific drainages from Mackenzie River delta, Northwest Territories, Canada to Sacramento River drainage, in California, USA; occasionally as far as La Jolla, southern California; also in northeast Asia (Ref. 5723). On Asia side, from North Korea to Jana and Lena drainages in Artic Russia. In Bering Sea north of about 40°N and from Bering Strait northeast to Point Barrow and northwest to Lena estuary (Ref. 59043). Introduced elsewhere. Occasionally hybridizes with <i>Oncorhynchus keta</i> producing fertile offspring (Ref. 28983).; Asia - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Baltic Sea; Barents Sea; Beaufort Sea; California Current; Canada; Caspian Sea; China; Chukchi Sea; Doo-man; East Bering Sea; Europe - Inland waters; Finland; Fraser; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Great Lakes; Greenland; Gulf of Alaska; Iceland; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Ireland; Japan; Kolyma; Korea, Dem. People's Rep; Korea, Republic of; Kuril Islands; Kuroshio Current; Latvia; Nearctic; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Onega River; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; Pacific, Northwest; Palearctic; Poland; Russian Federation; Sakhalin Island; Sea of Japan; Sea of Okhotsk; Sweden; USA (contiguous states); United Kingdom; Volga; West Bering Sea; West Greenland Shelf;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository. 6The Role of Slender Tuna, Allothunnus fallai, in the Pelagic Ecosystems of the South Pacific Ocean, Akihiko Yatsu, Japan. J. Ichthyol. 41(4): 367-377, 1995 7Diet of the Steller’s Sea Eagle in the Northern Sea of Okhotsk, Irina UTEKHINA, Eugene POTAPOV & Michael J. MCGRADY, First Symposium on Steller’s and White-tailed Sea Eagles in East Asia pp. 71-82, 2000 8Predation by Salmon Sharks (Lamna ditropis) on Pacific Salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) in the North Pacific Ocean, Kazuya Nagasawa, NPAFC Bulletin No. 1 pp. 419-433 (1998) 9Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979 10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access