Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Salmoniformes > Salmonidae > Oncorhynchus > Oncorhynchus keta
 

Oncorhynchus keta (Calico salmon; Chum salmon; Dog salmon; Fall salmon; Hum; Keta salmon; Qualla; Summer chum; Salmon; Red caviar; Keta; Chum)

Synonyms: Oncorhynchus canis; Oncorhynchus consuetus; Oncorhynchus dermatinus; Oncorhynchus lagocephalus; Salmo canis; Salmo consuetus; Salmo dermatinus; Salmo keta; Salmo lagocephalus
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Wikipedia Abstract

The chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) is a species of anadromous fish in the salmon family. It is a Pacific salmon, and may also be known as dog salmon or keta salmon, and is often marketed under the name silverbrite salmon. The name chum salmon comes from the Chinook Jargon term tzum, meaning "spotted" or "marked", while keta in the scientific name comes from the Evenki language of Eastern Siberia via Russian.
View Wikipedia Record: Oncorhynchus keta

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  19.28 lbs (8.75 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  3 years 3 months
Male Maturity [2]  3 years 3 months
Adult Length [1]  39 inches (100 cm)
Brood Dispersal [3]  Hidden
Brood Egg Substrate [3]  Lithophils (rock-gravel)
Brood Guarder [3]  No
Diet [4]  Carnivore
Litter Size [1]  4,000
Maximum Longevity [1]  7 years
Migration [4]  Anadromous
Speed [5]  1.79 MPH (.8 m/s)

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Gulf Islands National Park National Park Reserve II 8785 British Columbia, Canada
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States

Prey / Diet

Aglantha digitale (Pink helmet)[6]
Ammodytes hexapterus (Stout sand lance)[6]
Anoplopoma fimbria (Skil)[6]
Bassozetus elongatus[6]
Clione limacina (Naked sea butterfly)[6]
Clupea pallasii (Pacific herring)[7]
Euphausia pacifica (Pacific krill)[6]
Eurytemora herdmani[6]
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)[6]
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)[6]
Lamprops korroensis[6]
Limacina helicina (helicid pteropod)[6]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[6]
Neocalanus cristatus[6]
Neocalanus plumchrus[8]
Parathemisto japonica[6]
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)[6]
Protomyctophum thompsoni (Bigeye lanternfish)[6]
Pseudocalanus elongatus[6]
Stenobrachius leucopsarus (Smallfin lanternfish)[6]
Thysanoessa inermis[6]
Thysanoessa longipes[6]
Thysanoessa raschii (Arctic krill)[6]
Thysanoessa spinifera[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aethia pusilla (Least Auklet)1
Balaenoptera borealis (Sei Whale)1
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)1
Clupea pallasii pallasii (Pacific herring)1
Eubalaena glacialis (Northern Right Whale)1
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)1
Lampanyctus jordani (Brokenline lanternfish)1
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (humpbacked salmon)1
Oncorhynchus nerka (sockeye salmon or kokanee)1
Stenobrachius nannochir (Garnet lampfish)1

Predators

Alepisaurus ferox (Wolffish)[6]
Anoplopoma fimbria (Skil)[6]
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)[6]
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)[6]
Bathyraja parmifera (Flathead skate)[6]
Brachymystax lenok (Manchurian trout)[6]
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)[6]
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)[9]
Cottus asper (Bullhead)[6]
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)[6]
Fratercula arctica (Atlantic Puffin)[6]
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)[6]
Fratercula corniculata (Horned Puffin)[6]
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)[6]
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)[6]
Galeorhinus galeus (Vitamin shark)[7]
Gobio cynocephalus (Siberian gudgeon)[6]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[6]
Haliaeetus pelagicus (Steller's Sea-Eagle)[10]
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)[6]
Homo sapiens (man)[6]
Huso dauricus (Siberian huso sturgeon)[11]
Hydroprogne caspia (Caspian Tern)[12]
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Pacific White-sided Dolphin)[7]
Lamna ditropis (Salmon shark)[13]
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)[6]
Lecithaster gibbosus[6]
Lethenteron camtschaticum (Arctic lamprey)[6]
Oncorhynchus kisutch (coho salmon or silver salmon)[6]
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)[6]
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)[6]
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)[6]
Thymallus arcticus (Arctic grayling)[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus echigoensis[14]
Anisakis simplex[14]
Bolbosoma caenoforme[14]
Brachyphallus crenatus[14]
Bucephalopsis gracilescens <Unverified Name>[14]
Coenomorphys grossus <Unverified Name>[14]
Contracaecum osculatum[14]
Contracaecum tridentatum[14]
Corynosoma strumosum[14]
Corynosoma villosum[14]
Crepidostomum farionis[14]
Crepidostomum metoecus[14]
Crepidostomum salmonis[14]
Cucullanus truttae <Unverified Name>[14]
Cyathocephalus truncatus <Unverified Name>[14]
Cystidicola farionis <Unverified Name>[14]
Derogenes varicus[14]
Diphyllobothrium latum[14]
Diphyllobothrium nihonkaiense[14]
Echinorhynchus gadi[14]
Eubothrium crassum[14]
Eubothrium salvelini[14]
Galactosomum phalacrocoracis[14]
Goezia oncorhynchi[14]
Gyrodactylus somnaensis <Unverified Name>[14]
Hemiurus levinseni[14]
Lecithaster gibbosus[14]
Lecithaster salmonis[14]
Lecithaster stellatus[14]
Lecithophyllum botryophorum[14]
Metagonimus yokogawai[14]
Nanophyetus salmincola <Unverified Name>[14]
Neoechinorhynchus rutili[14]
Nybelinia surmenicola[14]
Parahemiurus merus[14]
Pelichnibothrium speciosum[14]
Philonema oncorhynchi <Unverified Name>[14]
Phyllobothrium caudatum[14]
Phyllobothrium salmonis[14]
Phyllobothrium speciosum <Unverified Name>[14]
Prosorhynchoides gracilescens[6]
Proteocephalus exiguus[14]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[14]
Rhabdochona oncorhynchi[14]
Rhadinorhynchus trachuri[14]
Salvelinema salmonicola <Unverified Name>[14]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[14]
Scolex polymorphus <Unverified Name>[14]
Tetrarhynchus palaeceus <Unverified Name>[14]
Triaenophorus crassus[14]
Tubulovesicula lindbergi[14]

Range Map

Alaska (USA); America, North - Inland waters; America, South - Inland waters; Amur; Arctic Ocean; Asia - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Baltic Sea; Beaufort Sea; California Current; Canada; Caspian Sea; Chile; China; Chukchi Sea; East Siberian Sea; Europe - Inland waters; Finland; Fraser; Great Lakes; Gulf of Alaska; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Japan; Korea, Dem. People's Rep; Korea, Republic of; Kuril Islands; Kuroshio Current; Laptev Sea; Latvia; Lena; Nearctic; Neotropical; North Pacific: Korea (Ref. 1998), Japan, Okhotsk and Bering Sea (Ref. 1998), Arctic Alaska south to San Diego, California, USA. Import restricted in Germany (Anl. 3 BArtSchV). Asia: Iran (Ref. 39702).; North Pacific: Korea , Japan, Okhotsk and Bering Sea (Ref. 1998), Arctic Alaska south to San Diego, California, USA. Asia: Iran (Ref. 39702).; North Pacific: Korea , Japan, Okhotsk and Bering Sea (Ref. 1998), Arctic Alaska south to San Diego, California, USA. Import restricted in Germany (Anl. 3 BArtSchV). Asia: Iran (Ref. 39702).; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Oyashio Current; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; Pacific, Northwest; Palearctic; Russian Federation; Sakhalin Island; Sea of Japan; Sea of Okhotsk; USA (contiguous states); Volga; Yukon;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Alaska Wildlife Notebook Series, Alaska Department of Fish and Game 4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 5Swimming speeds and buoyancy compensation of migrating adult chum salmon Oncorhynchus keta revealed by speed/depth/acceleration data logger, Hideji Tanaka, Yasuaki Takagi and Yasuhiko Naito, The Journal of Experimental Biology 204, 3895–3904 (2001) 6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 7Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository. 8The Role of Slender Tuna, Allothunnus fallai, in the Pelagic Ecosystems of the South Pacific Ocean, Akihiko Yatsu, Japan. J. Ichthyol. 41(4): 367-377, 1995 9Diving depths, diet, and underwater foraging of Rhinoceros Auklets in British Columbia, Alan E. Burger, Rory P. Wilson, Don Garnier and Marie-Pierre T. Wilson, Canadian Journal of Zoology Vol. 71: 2528-2540 (1993) 10Diet of the Steller’s Sea Eagle in the Northern Sea of Okhotsk, Irina UTEKHINA, Eugene POTAPOV & Michael J. MCGRADY, First Symposium on Steller’s and White-tailed Sea Eagles in East Asia pp. 71-82, 2000 11Endemic sturgeons of the Amur River: kaluga, Huso dauricus, and Amur sturgeon, Acipenser schrenckii, Mikhail L. Krykhtin & Victor G. Svirskii, Environmental Biology of Fishes 48: 231–239, 1997 12Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979 13Predation by Salmon Sharks (Lamna ditropis) on Pacific Salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) in the North Pacific Ocean, Kazuya Nagasawa, NPAFC Bulletin No. 1 pp. 419-433 (1998) 14Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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