Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Percidae > Perca > Perca flavescens
 

Perca flavescens (Yellow perch; Perch; Lake perch; American yellow perch; American perch)

Synonyms: Morone flavescens; Perca acuta; Perca fluviatilis flavescens; Perca notata
Language: Cree; Danish; Dutch; Finnish; French; German; Italian; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Polish; Portuguese; Russian; Spanish; Swedish

Wikipedia Abstract

The yellow perch (Perca flavescens), commonly referred to as perch, is a freshwater perciform fish native to much of North America. The yellow perch was described in 1814 by Samuel Latham Mitchill from New York. Yellow perch are closely related, and morphologically similar to the European perch (Perca fluviatilis); however, the two are recognized as independent species based on anatomical and genetic differences.
View Wikipedia Record: Perca flavescens

Attributes

Adult Weight [3]  2.33 lbs (1.06 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  4 years
Adult Length [2]  20 inches (50 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Phyto-lithophils
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Gestation [3]  16 days
Litter Size [2]  100,000
Maximum Longevity [2]  12 years
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alaska & Canada Pacific Coastal Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Apalachicola United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Appalachian Piedmont United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Bonneville United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Central Prairie United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Chesapeake Bay United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Colorado Mexico, United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Columbia Glaciated Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Columbia Unglaciated United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Cumberland United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Gila Mexico, United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Lahontan United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Middle Missouri United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Mobile Bay United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northeast US & Southeast Canada Atlantic Drainages Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Oregon & Northern California Coastal United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Sacramento - San Joaquin United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Southern California Coastal - Baja California Mexico, United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
St. Lawrence Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Teays - Old Ohio United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Tennessee United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Upper Mississippi United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Upper Missouri Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Upper Rio Grande - Bravo Mexico, United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Upper Snake United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
US Southern Plains United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Audubon National Wildlife Refuge IV 14642 North Dakota, United States
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Congaree Swamp National Park II 6095 South Carolina, United States
Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   North Carolina, United States
Fathom Five National Marine Park II   Ontario, Canada
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
Georgian Bay Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Greenwater Provincial Park II 11019 Ontario, Canada
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site III 861 Pennsylvania, United States
Horicon National Wildlife Refuge IV 21369 Wisconsin, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lake Meredith National Recreation Area V   Texas, United States
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
New Jersey Pinelands Biosphere Reserve   New Jersey, United States  
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Temperate Lakes LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Wisconsin, United States
Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park 20001 Tennessee, United States
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore II 67888 Michigan, United States
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rock Creek Park   District of Columbia, United States
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada
Saint Croix International Historic Site   Maine, United States
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site III 139 New Hampshire, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve 3821173 Canada  
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Acantholeberis curvirostris[4]
Alona affinis[4]
Alona intermedia[4]
Alona quadrangularis[4]
Alona rustica[4]
Ambloplites rupestris (Rock bass)[4]
Bosmina longirostris[4]
Bythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea)[5]
Chaoborus punctipennis[4]
Conochilus unicornis (rotifer)[4]
Crangonyx gracilis (northern lake crangonyctid)[4]
Cyclops bicuspidatus (cyclopoid copepod)[5]
Daphnia galeata (waterflea)[5]
Daphnia parvula[4]
Diacyclops thomasi[4]
Diaphanosoma birgei[4]
Diaptomus minutus[4]
Diaptomus sicilis (calanoid copepod)[5]
Diporeia hoyi (amphipod)[5]
Disparalona acutirostris[4]
Epischura lacustris[4]
Eucyclops serrulatus[4]
Gammarus lacustris[4]
Holopedium gibberum[4]
Hyalella azteca (Scud)[6]
Kellicottia bostoniensis[4]
Kellicottia longispina[4]
Keratella cochlearis[4]
Keratella crassa[4]
Keratella hiemalis[4]
Keratella taurocephala[4]
Lyogyrus limosus (mud amnicola)[5]
Macrocyclops albidus (Copepod)[4]
Mesocyclops edax[4]
Microcyclops rubellus[4]
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)[4]
Mysis relicta (opossum shrimp)[5]
Notropis hudsonius (Sucking carp)[4]
Ophryoxus gracilis[4]
Perca flavescens (Yellow perch)[4]
Polyarthra remata[4]
Polyarthra vulgaris[4]
Polyphemus pediculus[4]
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)[4]
Sergentia coracina (chironomid)[5]
Sida crystallina[4]
Trichocerca cylindrica[4]
Tropocyclops prasinus[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)8
Ambystoma maculatum (Spotted Salamander)1
Ameiurus melas (Black bullhead)1
Ameiurus natalis (Yellow bullhead)1
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)1
Archoplites interruptus (Sacramento perch)1
Aythya affinis (Lesser Scaup)1
Bythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea)3
Coregonus albula (European whitefish)1
Coregonus clupeaformis (Common whitefish)5
Coregonus hoyi (Bloater)8
Coregonus zenithicus (Longjaw cisco)1
Cottus cognatus (Anadyr sculpin)8
Gambusia holbrooki (Bore-drain fish)1
Gasterosteus aculeatus (Alaskan stickleback)1
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)1
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)1
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)1
Lota lota (Thin-tailed burbot)1
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)1
Myoxocephalus quadricornis (Alaska fourhorn sculpin)8
Mysis relicta (opossum shrimp)3
Neogobius melanostomus (Round goby)1
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)1
Oncorhynchus mykiss (redband trout)4
Osmerus eperlanus (European smelt)2
Osmerus mordax (Rainbow smelt)8
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)1
Salvelinus alpinus (Arctic charr)1
Sander vitreus (Walleye)4
Semotilus atromaculatus (Horned dace)1

Predators

Ambloplites rupestris (Rock bass)[4]
Amia calva (Bowfin)[4]
Coregonus clupeaformis (Common whitefish)[4]
Diacyclops thomasi[4]
Esox lucius (Jack)[7]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[4]
Hiodon alosoides (Yellow herring)[4]
Lota lota (Thin-tailed burbot)[5]
Mergus merganser (Common Merganser)[4]
Mergus serrator (Red-breasted Merganser)[4]
Mesocyclops edax[4]
Micropterus dolomieu (Smallmouth bass)[5]
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)[4]
Morone chrysops (White perch)[4]
Oncorhynchus kisutch (coho salmon or silver salmon)[5]
Oncorhynchus mykiss (redband trout)[5]
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon or king salmon)[5]
Pandion haliaetus (Osprey)[4]
Perca flavescens (Yellow perch)[4]
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)[8]
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)[4]
Salmo trutta (Brown trout)[5]
Salvelinus fontinalis (charr)[4]
Salvelinus namaycush (American lake char)[5]
Sander canadensis (Sauger)[4]
Sander vitreus (Walleye)[5]
Sterna forsteri (Forster's Tern)[9]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus dirus[10]
Apophallus brevis[10]
Apophallus itascensis <Unverified Name>[10]
Apophallus venustus[10]
Azygia angusticauda[10]
Azygia longa[10]
Bothriocephalus claviceps[10]
Bothriocephalus cuspidatus[10]
Bucephalus elegans[10]
Bunodera luciopercae[10]
Bunodera sacculata[10]
Camallanus oxycephalus <Unverified Name>[10]
Camallanus truncatus[10]
Centrovarium lobotes <Unverified Name>[10]
Clinostomum complanatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Clinostomum marginatum[10]
Clinostomum metacercaria <Unverified Name>[10]
Crassiphiala bulboglossa[10]
Crepidostomum cooperi[10]
Crepidostomum cornutum[10]
Crepidostomum farionis[10]
Crepidostomum isostomum <Unverified Name>[10]
Crepidostomum metoecus[10]
Creptotrema funduli[10]
Cryptogonimus chyli[10]
Cucullanellus cotylophora <Unverified Name>[10]
Cyathocephalus truncatus <Unverified Name>[10]
Dichelyne cotylophora <Unverified Name>[10]
Diphyllobothrium latum[10]
Diplostomulum scheuringi <Unverified Name>[10]
Diplostomum adamsi <Unverified Name>[10]
Diplostomum huronense[10]
Diplostomum spathaceum[10]
Echinorhynchus lateralis[10]
Echinorhynchus salmonis[10]
Eustrongylides tubifex <Unverified Name>[10]
Fessisentis tichiganensis[10]
Gyrodactylus freemani <Unverified Name>[10]
Hysterothylacium brachyurum <Unverified Name>[10]
Ichthyocotylurus erraticus[10]
Leptorhynchoides thecatus[10]
Leuceruthrus micropteri[10]
Ligula intestinalis[10]
Lissorchis kritskyi <Unverified Name>[10]
Metorchis conjunctus[10]
Microphallus opacus[10]
Neascus ellipticus <Unverified Name>[10]
Neascus pyriformis <Unverified Name>[10]
Neoechinorhynchus cylindratus[10]
Neoechinorhynchus pungitius[10]
Neoechinorhynchus rutili[10]
Neoechinorhynchus strigosus[10]
Neoechinorhynchus tenellus[10]
Ornithodiplostomum ptychocheilus[10]
Philometra cylindracea <Unverified Name>[10]
Phyllodistomum superbum <Unverified Name>[10]
Pomphorhynchus bulbocolli[10]
Posthodiplostomum minimum[10]
Prosorhynchoides pusilla <Unverified Name>[10]
Proteocephalus ambloplitis <Unverified Name>[10]
Proteocephalus pearsei <Unverified Name>[10]
Proteocephalus pinguis <Unverified Name>[10]
Proterometra autraini <Unverified Name>[10]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[10]
Raphidascaris canadensis <Unverified Name>[10]
Rhabdochona canadensis <Unverified Name>[10]
Rhabdochona ovifilamenta <Unverified Name>[10]
Sanguinicola occidentalis <Unverified Name>[10]
Schistocephalus solidus[10]
Spinitectus carolini <Unverified Name>[10]
Spinitectus gracilis <Unverified Name>[10]
Tetracotyle diminuta <Unverified Name>[10]
Triaenophorus nodulosus[10]
Tylodelphys scheuringi <Unverified Name>[10]
Urocleidus aculeatus <Unverified Name>[10]
Urocleidus adspectus <Unverified Name>[10]
Uvulifer ambloplitis <Unverified Name>[10]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
ECHO Lake Aquarium & Science Center
Henry Vilas Zoo
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Nat'l Mississippi River Museum & Aquar
Natural History Museum of Adirondacks
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Steinhart Aquarium (CA Acad of Science
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr
Wonders of Wildlife Museum

Range Map

America, North - Inland waters; Canada; Great Lakes; Lake Waccamaw; Mackenzie; Mississippi; Missouri; Nearctic; North America: Atlantic, Arctic, Great Lakes, and Mississippi River basins from Nova Scotia and Quebec west to Great Slave Lake in Northwest Territories in Canada, and south to Ohio, Illinois and Nebraska in the USA; south in Atlantic drainages to Santee; North America: Atlantic, Arctic, Great Lakes, and Mississippi River basins from Nova Scotia and Quebec west to Great Slave Lake in Northwest Territories in Canada, and south to Ohio, Illinois and Nebraska in the USA; south in Atlantic drainages to Santee River in South Carolina, USA.; Rio Grande; USA (contiguous states);

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5NOAA, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory 6Patterns of prey use by lesser scaup Aythya affinis (Aves) and diet overlap with fishes during spring migration, Kimberly A. Strand, Steven R. Chipps, Sharon N. Kahara, Kenneth F. Higgins, Spencer Vaa, Hydrobiologia (2008) 598:389–398 7A quantitative comparison between diet and body fatty acid composition in wild northern pike (Esox lucius L.), Karl Schwalme, Fish Physiology and Biochemistry vol. 10 no. 2 pp 91-98 (1992) 8Diet of the Double-Crested Cormorant in Western Lake Erie, Michael T. Bur, Sandra L. Tinnirello, Charles D. Lovell, Jeff T. Tyson, USDA National Wildlife Research Center Symposia, 1997 9Feeding Ecology and Nesting Success of Forster's Terns on Lake Osakis, Minnesota, Gail Fraser, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, 1994 10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access