Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Pomatomidae > Pomatomus > Pomatomus saltatrix
 

Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run; Tailor; Snapping mackerel; Snap mackerel; Skipmackerel; Skipjack; Shad; Salmon bluefish; Razorbacks; Marine piranha; Jumbos; Horsemackerel; Greenfish; Fatback; Elf; Choppers; Bluefish; Blue fish; Ancho)

Synonyms: Cheilodipterus heptacanthus; Cheilodipterus saltatrix; Chromis epicurorum; Gasterosteus saltatrix; Gonenion serra; Lopharis mediterraneus; Perca lophar; Pomatomix saltatrix; Pomatomus pedica; Pomatomus saltator; Pomatomus skib; Scomber sypterus; Scomer sypterus; Sparactodon nalnal; Sypterus pallasii; Temnodon conidens; Temnodon saltator
Language: Afrikaans; Albanian; Arabic; Arabic, Hassaniya; Catalan; Chinese; Creole, Portuguese; Croatian; Danish; Dutch; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Italian; Japanese; Maltese; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Serbian; Slovenian; Somali; Spanish; Susu; Turkish; Wolof

Wikipedia Abstract

The bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix) is the only extant species of the family Pomatomidae. It is a marine pelagic fish found around the world in temperate and subtropical waters, except for the northern Pacific Ocean. Bluefish are known as tailor in Australia, shad on the east coast of South Africa, and elf on the west coast. Other common names are blue, chopper, and anchoa. It is good eating and a popular gamefish.The bluefish is a moderately proportioned fish, with a broad, forked tail.
View Wikipedia Record: Pomatomus saltatrix

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  17.46 lbs (7.92 kg)
Maximum Longevity [4]  9 years
Migration [3]  Oceanodromous
Water Biome [1]  Coastal

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
Karadagskiy Zapovednik Nature Zapovednik 13876 Ukraine  
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve II 256073 Western Cape, South Africa  
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Alosa aestivalis (Blue-back herring)[5]
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)[6]
Alosa sapidissima (American shad)[5]
Ammodytes marinus (sand eel)[6]
Anchoa hepsetus (Broad-striped anchovy)[7]
Anchoa mitchilli (Bay anchovy)[6]
Ariopsis felis (Sea catfish)[6]
Artemesia longinaris (argentin stiletto shrimp)[8]
Astarte arctica (Arctic astarte)[6]
Atherina breviceps (Cape silverside)[6]
Brevoortia tyrannus (Shad)[7]
Busycotypus canaliculatus (channeled whelk)[6]
Callinectes sapidus (blue crab)[6]
Chrysaora quinquecirrha (sea nettle)[6]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[6]
Conger oceanicus (American conger)[6]
Crangon septemspinosa (sevenspine bay shrimp)[5]
Crassostrea virginica (American cupped oyster)[6]
Cynoscion guatucupa (Stripped weakfish)[8]
Cynoscion regalis (Weakfish)[6]
Dorosoma cepedianum (American gizzard shad)[6]
Doryteuthis pealeii (longfin inshore squid)[7]
Doryteuthis sanpaulensis[8]
Emerita talpoida (Atlantic sand crab)[6]
Enchelyopus cimbrius (Rockling)[6]
Engraulis anchoita (Anchoita)[8]
Engraulis australis (Australian anchovy)[6]
Ethmidium maculatum (Pacific menhaden)[6]
Etrumeus acuminatus (Atlantic red herring)[7]
Fundulus heteroclitus (mummichog)[9]
Gilchristella aestuaria (Gilchrist's round herring)[6]
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Witch flounder)[6]
Goniada gigantea[6]
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)[6]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[6]
Illex argentinus (Argentine Shortfin Squid)[10]
Illex illecebrosus (northern shortfin squid)[6]
Leiognathus equulus (Slipmouth)[6]
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)[5]
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)[6]
Limanda ferruginea (rusty flounder)[6]
Liza richardsonii (Mullet)[6]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[6]
Menidia menidia (Tidewater silverside)[6]
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)[6]
Microgadus tomcod (Frostfish)[6]
Micropogonias undulatus (Atlantic croacker)[6]
Morone americana (Wreckfish)[6]
Morone saxatilis (Striper bass)[6]
Mugil cephalus (gray mullet)[6]
Mullus argentinae (Argentine goatfish)[8]
Mustelus canis (Dogfish)[6]
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus (Sea raven)[7]
Neomysis americana (Mysid shrimp)[5]
Ophichthus cruentifer (Snake eel)[6]
Palaemonetes pugio (daggerblade grass shrimp)[6]
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)[6]
Paralonchurus brasiliensis (Drum)[8]
Peprilus triacanthus (Sheephead)[7]
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)[6]
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)[6]
Pseudopleuronectes americanus (rough flounder)[6]
Rhithropanopeus harrisii (estuarine mud crab)[6]
Sardinops sagax (Australian pilchard)[6]
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)[6]
Secutor insidiator (Slender-barred ponyfish)[6]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[6]
Stephanolepis hispidus (Triggerfish)[6]
Trinectes maculatus (Hogchoker)[6]
Umbrina canosai (Argentine croaker)[8]
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)[6]
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)[6]
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)[6]
Zoarces americanus (Ocean pout)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)2
Carcharhinus obscurus (Whaler shark)2
Carcharhinus plumbeus (Thickskin shark)4
Carcharias taurus (Spotted sand tiger shark)2
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)3
Cynoscion guatucupa (Stripped weakfish)4
Cynoscion regalis (Weakfish)5
Cynoscion striatus (Striped weakfish)2
Dasyatis say (Say's stingray)2
Galeorhinus galeus (Vitamin shark)4
Globicephala melas (Long-finned Pilot Whale)2
Helicolenus lahillei (rosefish)2
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)2
Isurus oxyrinchus (Short-finned mako)3
Lagenodelphis hosei (Fraser's Dolphin)2
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)3
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)3
Lophius americanus (Monkfish)3
Macrodon ancylodon (Yellow mouth salmon)2
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)2
Menticirrhus americanus (Woundhead)2
Menticirrhus saxatilis (Northern kingfish)2
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)2
Merluccius hubbsi (Southwest Atlantic hake)2
Morone americana (Wreckfish)2
Morone saxatilis (Striper bass)2
Mustelus canis (Dogfish)4
Mycteroperca microlepis (Velvet rockfish)2
Myoxocephalus aenaeus (Little sculpin)2
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)6
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)2
Prionotus carolinus (Searobin)2
Prionotus evolans (Striped searobin)2
Pseudopleuronectes americanus (rough flounder)2
Raja eglanteria (Clearnose skate)2
Rhizoprionodon terraenovae (Atlantic sharp-nosed shark)2
Schroederichthys bivius (Narrowmouthed catshark)2
Scomberomorus cavalla (Spanish mackerel)3
Scomberomorus maculatus (Spanish mackerel)2
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)2
Sphyraena guachancho (Sockeye)2
Squatina dumeril (Atlantic angelshark)3
Stenotomus chrysops (Scup)3
Synodus foetens (Soapfish)2
Trichiurus lepturus (Atlantic Cutlassfish)3
Urophycis brasiliensis (Hake)2
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)2
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)2
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)2
Zearaja chilensis (Yellownose skate)2

Predators

Alopias vulpinus (Zorro thresher shark)[7]
Argyrosomus japonicus (jaapanese croaker)[6]
Atractoscion aequidens (Trag)[6]
Carcharhinus brachyurus (Shark)[6]
Carcharhinus obscurus (Whaler shark)[6]
Carcharhinus plumbeus (Thickskin shark)[11]
Carcharodon carcharias (Maneater shark)[7]
Caretta caretta (Loggerhead)[12]
Galeocerdo cuvier (Tiger-shark)[7]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[6]
Homo sapiens (man)[6]
Huso huso (Beluga)[6]
Isurus oxyrinchus (Short-finned mako)[7]
Isurus paucus (Long-fin mako)[7]
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)[6]
Morone saxatilis (Striper bass)[6]
Mustelus canis (Dogfish)[6]
Mycteroperca microlepis (Velvet rockfish)[6]
Petromyzon marinus (Eel sucker)[6]
Phalacrocorax brasilianus (Neotropic Cormorant)[13]
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)[6]
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)[6]
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)[7]
Rachycentron canadum (Sergent fish)[6]
Rynchops niger (Black Skimmer)[14]
Sarda sarda (Stripe-backed pelamis)[6]
Scomberomorus cavalla (Spanish mackerel)[6]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[6]
Squatina dumeril (Atlantic angelshark)[7]
Sterna hirundo (Common Tern)[15]
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)[16]
Triakis megalopterus (Spotty)[6]
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)[6]
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)[7]

Providers

Parasite of 
Brachyphallus parvus[6]
Bucephalus varicus[6]
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis[6]
Callitetrarhynchus speciosus[6]
Cathucotyle acanthura[6]
Gyrodactylus alviga[6]
Gyrodactylus flesi[6]
Hemiurus luehei[6]
Lecithochirium musculus[6]
Macrovalvitrema sinaloense[6]
Microcotyle pomatomi[6]
Neobenedenia melleni[6]
Opechona bacillaris[6]
Parahemiurus merus[6]
Plerurus digitatus[6]
Prodistomum polonii[6]
Prosorhynchoides arcuatus[6]
Prototransversotrema steeri[6]
Pseudotobothrium dipsacum[6]
Pterobothrium heteracanthum[6]
Rhadinorhynchus pristis[6]
Rhadinorhynchus saltatrix[6]
Sclerodistomum italicum[6]
Serrasentis sagittifer[6]
Southwellina hispida[6]
Stephanostomum bicoronatum[6]
Tergestia pectinata[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Brachyphallus musculus <Unverified Name>[17]
Brachyphallus parvus[17]
Bucephalopsis callicotyle <Unverified Name>[17]
Bucephalus varicus[17]
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis[17]
Callitetrarhynchus speciosus[17]
Cathucotyle acanthura[17]
Erilepturus hamati <Unverified Name>[17]
Erilepturus tiegsi <Unverified Name>[17]
Gotocotyla acanthophalus <Unverified Name>[17]
Gyrodactylus alviga[17]
Gyrodactylus flesi[17]
Gyrodactylus nov <Unverified Name>[17]
Hemiurus luehei[17]
Ichthyascaris vicentei <Unverified Name>[17]
Lecithochirium jaffense <Unverified Name>[17]
Macrovalvitrema sinaloense[17]
Microcotyle debueni <Unverified Name>[17]
Microcotyle pomatomi[17]
Neobenedenia melleni[17]
Opechona austrobacillaris <Unverified Name>[17]
Opechona bacillaris[17]
Opechona polonii <Unverified Name>[17]
Opechona pyriforme <Unverified Name>[17]
Otobothrium cysticum[17]
Parahemiurus merus[17]
Philometra saltatrix <Unverified Name>[17]
Plerurus digitatus[17]
Poecilancistrium caryophyllum[17]
Prodistomum polonii[17]
Prosorhynchoides arcuatus[17]
Prototransversotrema steeri[17]
Pseudotobothrium dipsacum[17]
Pterobothrium heteracanthum[17]
Raillietina australis <Unverified Name>[18]
Rhadinorhynchus pristis[17]
Rhadinorhynchus saltatrix[17]
Sclerodistomum italicum[17]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[17]
Serrasentis sagittifer[17]
Southwellina hispida[17]
Stephanostomum bicoronatum[17]
Swakopella cephalica <Unverified Name>[17]
Swakopella travassosi <Unverified Name>[17]
Theledera pectinata[17]

Distribution

Aegean Sea; Agulhas Current; Albania; Algeria; Andaman Sea; Angola; Arabian Sea; Argentina; Aruba; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southeast; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Australia; Bay of Bengal; Belize; Benguela Current; Bermuda; Black Sea; Brazil; Canada; Canary Current; Cape Verde; Caribbean Sea; Circumglobal: In tropical to subtropical waters; except the eastern Pacific (Ref. 33390). Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to South Africa, including the Mediterranean and Black Sea, Madeira, and the Canary Islands. Western Atlantic: Canada and Bermuda to; Circumglobal: In tropical to subtropical waters; except the eastern Pacific (Ref. 33390). Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to South Africa, including the Mediterranean and Black Sea, Madeira, and the Canary Islands. Western Atlantic: Canada and Bermuda to Argentina (Ref. 7251). Indian Ocean: along the coast of East Africa, Madagascar, southern Oman, southwest India, the Malay Peninsula, and Western Australia (Ref. 11441). Southwest Pacific: Australia except the Northern Territory, and New Zealand (Ref. 11441). Absent from eastern Pacific and northwest Pacific. Barely entering the Western Central Pacific region. Records from the Northern Territory, Australia and from Indonesia appear to be erroneous (Ref. 9860). Occurrence in Taiwan (Ref. 5193) and Hawaii (Ref. 4517) need verification.; Colombia; Croatia; Cuba; Curaçao Island; East Brazil Shelf; East Central Australian Shelf; Egypt; Europe - Inland waters; France; French Guiana; Georgia; Ghana; Great Australian Bight; Greece; Grenada; Guinea; Guinea Current; Guinea-Bissau; Gulf of Mexico; Guyana; Iberian Coastal; India; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Eastern; Indian Ocean, Western; Italy; Kenya; Madagascar; Madeira Islands; Malaysia; Malta; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Mexico; Mozambique; Namibia; New Zealand; New Zealand Shelf; Nicaragua; North Brazil Shelf; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Oman; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Southwest; Pacific, Western Central; Patagonian Shelf; Persian Gulf; Russian Federation; Sao Tomé and Principe; Scotian Shelf; Sea of Marmara; Senegal; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovenia; Somali Coastal Current; Somalia; South Africa; South Brazil Shelf; South China Sea; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Southwest Australian Shelf; Spain; Suriname; Tanzania, United Rep. of; Thailand; Trinidad and Tobago; Tunisia; Turkey; USA (contiguous states); Ukraine; Uruguay; Venezuela; West Central Australian Shelf; Yemen;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 4Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 5 Steimle FW, Pikanowski RA, McMillan DG, Zetlin CA, Wilk SJ. 2000. Demersal Fish and American Lobster Diets in the Lower Hudson - Raritan Estuary. US Dep Commer, NOAA Tech Memo NMFS NE 161; 106 p. 6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 7Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000) 8Seasonal variation in the diets of bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix (Pomatomidae) and striped weakfish, Cynoscion guatucupa (Sciaenidae) in southern Brazil: implications of food partitioning, Flavia M. Lucena, Teodoro Vaske, Jr., Jim R. Ellis & Carl M. O’Brien, Environmental Biology of Fishes 57: 423–434, 2000. 9VII. FOOD HABITS OF THE MUMMICHOG (Fundulus heteroclitus), Frank W. Steimle, Jr., NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-167, 2001 p. 101-109 10CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 11DIET OF THE SANDBAR SHARK, CARCHARHINUS PLUMBEUS, IN CHESAPEAKE BAY AND ADJACENT WATERS, Julia K. Ellis, Masters Thesis, The College of William and Mary, 2003 12HISTORICAL DIET ANALYSIS OF LOGGERHEAD (CARETTA CARETTA) AND KEMP’S RIDLEY (LEPIDOCHELYS KEMPI) SEA TURTLES IN VIRGINIA, Erin E. Seney, A Thesis Presented to The Faculty of the School of Marine Science The College of William and Mary in Virginia (2003) 13Diet of Neotropic cormorant (Phalacrocorax brasilianus) in an estuarine environment, V. Barquete, L. Bugoni, C. M. Vooren, Mar Biol (2008) 153:431–443 14FISH PREY OF THE BLACK SKIMMER RYNCHOPS NIGER AT MAR CHIQUITA, BUENOS AIRES PROVINCE, ARGENTINA, ROCÍO MARIANO-JELICICH, MARCO FAVERO & MARÍA PATRICIA SILVA, Marine Ornithology 31: 199-202 (2003) 15DIET OF THE COMMON TERN (STERNA HIRUNDO) DURING THE NONBREEDING SEASON IN MAR CHIQUITA LAGOON, BUENOS AIRES, ARGENTINA, Laura Mauco & Marco Favero, ORNITOLOGIA NEOTROPICAL 15: 121–131, 2004 16Differences in diet of Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) at five seasonal feeding grounds on the New England continental shelf, Bradford C. Chase, Fishery Bulletin 100 no2 168-80 Ap 2002 17Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 18Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
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