Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Cypriniformes > Cyprinidae > Rutilus > Rutilus rutilus
 

Rutilus rutilus (Roach; Siberian roach)

Synonyms: Cyprinus jaculus; Cyprinus lacustris; Cyprinus rubellio; Cyprinus rutilus; Cyprinus ruttilus; Gardonus pigulus; Gardonus ruboculus; Leuciscus jurinii; Leuciscus lividus; Leuciscus pallens; Leuciscus pausingeri; Leuciscus pigus dojranensis; Leuciscus prasinus; Leuciscus rutiloides; Leuciscus rutilus; Leuciscus rutilus auratus; Leuciscus rutilus bolmensis; Leuciscus rutilus communis; Leuciscus rutilus daugawensis; Leuciscus rutilus fluviatilis; Leuciscus rutilus terekensis; Leuciscus rutilus vobla; Leuciscus selysii; Leucos cenisophius; Leucos pigulus; Rutilus rutilus aralensis; Rutilus rutilus bucharensis; Rutilus rutilus carpathorossicus; Rutilus rutilus frici; Rutilus rutilus goplensis; Rutilus rutilus lacustris; Rutilus rutilus mariza; Rutilus rutilus rutilus; Rutilus rutilus schelkovnikovi; Rutilus rutilus sucharensis; Rutilus rutilus uzboicus; Rutilus rutilus vegariticus; Rutilus vegariticus
Language: Bulgarian; Czech; Danish; Dutch; Estonian; Finnish; French; Gaelic, Irish; German; Greek; Hungarian; Italian; Kirghiz; Latvian; Lithuanian; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Persian; Polish; Portuguese; Prussian, Old; Romanian; Russian; Slovak; Slovenian; Spanish; Swedish; Turkish; Ukrainian

Wikipedia Abstract

The roach (Rutilus rutilus), also known as the common roach, is a fresh and brackish water fish of the Cyprinidae family, native to most of Europe and western Asia. The name "roach" is not unique, but fishes called roach can be any species of the genera Rutilus and Hesperoleucus, depending on locality. The plural of the term is also roach.
View Wikipedia Record: Rutilus rutilus

Invasive Species

Rutilus rutilus, commonly known as the roack, is a freshwater fish that is native to many parts of Europe and Asia. It is able to cope with brackish conditions and is an omnivorous species that is able to adapt its diet to what is available. R. rutilus is now widespread throughout Europe and is noted to be invasive in Ireland and Italy. In Ireland, it has been observed to not only alter species composition of fish communities, but to altering lake conditions.
View ISSG Record: Rutilus rutilus

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  2.23 lbs (1.01 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  3 years
Male Maturity [1]  2 years
Brood Dispersal [2]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Phyto-lithophils
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Diet [2]  Omnivore
Maximum Longevity [1]  14 years
Migration [2]  Potamodromous

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Cantabric Coast - Languedoc France, Spain Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    
Southern Baltic Lowlands Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Upper Danube Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Benacre to Easton Bavents Lagoons 907 England, United Kingdom
Burgasko ezero 7641 Bulgaria  
Dolina Bialki 1769 Poland  
Fenland 1529 England, United Kingdom
Kennet and Lambourn Floodplain 283 England, United Kingdom  
Nene Washes 218 England, United Kingdom
Pevensey Levels 8860 England, United Kingdom  
Przywidz 2355 Poland  
Rheinsberger Rhin und Hellberge 2123 Germany  
River Dee and Bala Lake/ Afon Dyfrdwy a Llyn Tegid 3234 England/Wales, United Kingdom
River Derwent and Bassenthwaite Lake 4529 England, United Kingdom
Roman Wall Loughs 1691 England, United Kingdom  
Studenetz 69315 Bulgaria  
The Broads 14554 England, United Kingdom  
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom

Prey / Diet

Abra segmentum[3]
Acartia tonsa[3]
Acroperus harpae[3]
Alona affinis[3]
Alona guttata[3]
Asellus aquaticus (waterlouse)[3]
Bithynia tentaculata (mud bithynia)[4]
Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[3]
Bosmina longirostris[3]
Caenis rivulorum[3]
Cerastoderma glaucum (Olive green cockle)[4]
Ceriodaphnia quadrangula[3]
Chaetopteryx villosa[3]
Chydorus sphaericus[3]
Daphnia ambigua (Water flea)[3]
Daphnia longispina[3]
Daphnia pulex (Water flea)[3]
Diplectrona felix[3]
Dreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)[3]
Eurycercus lamellatus[3]
Eurytemora affinis[3]
Halesus radiatus[3]
Hydropsyche contubernalis[3]
Hydropsyche fulvipes[3]
Hydropsyche instabilis[3]
Hydropsyche pellucidula (Grey Flag Caddisfly)[3]
Keratella cochlearis[3]
Keratella quadrata[3]
Limecola balthica (Baltic macoma)[4]
Mytilus edulis (Blue mussel)[4]
Oreodytes davisii[3]
Oreodytes sanmarkii[3]
Picripleuroxus denticulatus[3]
Plectrocnemia conspersa[3]
Plectrocnemia geniculata[3]
Pleuroxus aduncus[3]
Pleuroxus uncinatus[3]
Polycentropus flavomaculatus[3]
Polycentropus kingi[3]
Polyphemus pediculus[3]
Potamogeton perfoliatus (claspingleaf pondweed)[5]
Pseudochydorus globosus[3]
Rhyacophila dorsalis[3]
Rhyacophila obliterata[3]
Scapholeberis mucronata[3]
Sericostoma personatum (Welshman's Button Caddisfly)[3]
Sida crystallina[3]
Theodoxus fluviatilis (river nerite)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Chroicocephalus ridibundus (Common Black-headed Gull)1
Clangula hyemalis (Oldsquaw)1
Ctenolabrus rupestris (Rock cook)1
Haematopus ostralegus (Eurasian Oystercatcher)1
Larus canus (Mew Gull)1
Leuciscus idus (Ide)1
Limosa lapponica (Bar-tailed Godwit)1
Limosa limosa (Black-tailed Godwit)1
Notolabrus fucicola (Yellow-saddled wrasse)1
Notolabrus tetricus (Wrasse)1
Numenius arquata (Eurasian Curlew)1
Platichthys flesus (North Atlantic flounder)1
Pleuronectes platessa (European plaice)1
Somateria mollissima (Common Eider)2
Tadorna tadorna (Common Shelduck)1
Tautoga onitis (Tautog)1
Tautogolabrus adspersus (Sea perch)1

Predators

Alosa macedonica (Liparia)[3]
Anguilla anguilla (River eel)[3]
Channa argus (Spotted snakehead)[3]
Esox lucius (Jack)[3]
Huso huso (Beluga)[3]
Lampetra fluviatilis (freshwater lamprey)[3]
Larus cachinnans (Yellow-legged Gull)[6]
Leuciscus aspius (Asp)[3]
Leuciscus idus (Ide)[3]
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)[3]
Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis (Great Cormorant)[7]
Platichthys flesus (North Atlantic flounder)[3]
Pusa hispida saimensis (Saimaa seal)[8]
Salmo trutta (Brown trout)[3]
Sander lucioperca (Pike-perch)[9]
Silurus glanis (Danubian wels)[3]
Squalius cephalus (European chub)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus anguillae[10]
Acanthocephalus clavula[10]
Acanthocephalus lucii[10]
Allocreadium bramae <Unverified Name>[10]
Allocreadium dogieli <Unverified Name>[10]
Allocreadium isoporum <Unverified Name>[10]
Allocreadium markewitschi <Unverified Name>[10]
Allocreadium transversale <Unverified Name>[10]
Ancyrocephalus paradoxus[10]
Anguillicola crassus <Unverified Name>[10]
Anisakis schupakovi <Unverified Name>[10]
Apatemon annuligerum <Unverified Name>[10]
Apharyngostrigea cornu <Unverified Name>[10]
Apophallus muehlingi[10]
Ascocotyle coleostoma[10]
Aspidogaster limacoides[10]
Asymphylodora demeli[10]
Asymphylodora imitans <Unverified Name>[10]
Asymphylodora kubanicum <Unverified Name>[10]
Asymphylodora markewitschi <Unverified Name>[10]
Asymphylodora tincae[10]
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi[10]
Bothriocephalus opsariichthydis <Unverified Name>[10]
Bucephalus polymorphus[10]
Camallanus lacustris[10]
Capillaria brevispicula <Unverified Name>[10]
Capillaria tomentosa <Unverified Name>[10]
Caryophyllaeides fennica <Unverified Name>[10]
Caryophyllaeus brachycollis <Unverified Name>[10]
Caryophyllaeus fimbriceps <Unverified Name>[10]
Caryophyllaeus laticeps <Unverified Name>[10]
Clinostomum complanatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Contracaecum microcephalum <Unverified Name>[10]
Contracaecum rudolphii <Unverified Name>[10]
Contracaecum spiculigerum[10]
Contracaecum squalii <Unverified Name>[10]
Corynosoma strumosum[10]
Cotylurus pileatus[10]
Crowcrocaecum skrjabini[10]
Cucullanus dogieli <Unverified Name>[10]
Cyathocephalus truncatus <Unverified Name>[10]
Cystidicola farionis <Unverified Name>[10]
Dactylogyrus alatus <Unverified Name>[10]
Dactylogyrus auriculatus[10]
Dactylogyrus caballeroi <Unverified Name>[10]
Dactylogyrus cornu <Unverified Name>[10]
Dactylogyrus crucifer[10]
Dactylogyrus difformis <Unverified Name>[10]
Dactylogyrus distinguendus <Unverified Name>[10]
Dactylogyrus erhardovae <Unverified Name>[10]
Dactylogyrus falcatus <Unverified Name>[10]
Dactylogyrus fallax[10]
Dactylogyrus folkmanovae <Unverified Name>[10]
Dactylogyrus larva <Unverified Name>[10]
Dactylogyrus macracanthus <Unverified Name>[10]
Dactylogyrus micracanthus[10]
Dactylogyrus microcanthus <Unverified Name>[10]
Dactylogyrus nanus <Unverified Name>[10]
Dactylogyrus nasalis <Unverified Name>[10]
Dactylogyrus ramulosus <Unverified Name>[10]
Dactylogyrus rarissimus <Unverified Name>[10]
Dactylogyrus rutili <Unverified Name>[10]
Dactylogyrus rutilus <Unverified Name>[10]
Dactylogyrus similis[10]
Dactylogyrus simplicimalleata <Unverified Name>[10]
Dactylogyrus sphyrna[10]
Dactylogyrus suecicus <Unverified Name>[10]
Dactylogyrus tuba <Unverified Name>[10]
Dactylogyrus turaliensis <Unverified Name>[10]
Dactylogyrus vastator[10]
Dactylogyrus vistulae <Unverified Name>[10]
Dactylogyrus yinwenyingae <Unverified Name>[10]
Dactylogyrus zandti <Unverified Name>[10]
Desmidocercella numidica <Unverified Name>[10]
Digramma interrupta <Unverified Name>[10]
Dioctophyme renale[10]
Diphyllobothrium latum[10]
Diphyllobothrium plerocercoid <Unverified Name>[10]
Diplostomulum clavatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Diplostomum baeri[10]
Diplostomum chromatophorum[10]
Diplostomum clavatum[10]
Diplostomum commutatum[10]
Diplostomum gasterostei[10]
Diplostomum helveticum[10]
Diplostomum macrostomum <Unverified Name>[10]
Diplostomum mergi <Unverified Name>[10]
Diplostomum nordmanni[10]
Diplostomum paracaudum <Unverified Name>[10]
Diplostomum paraspathaceum[10]
Diplostomum parviventosum <Unverified Name>[10]
Diplostomum pseudobaeri <Unverified Name>[10]
Diplostomum rutili[10]
Diplostomum spathaceum[10]
Diplostomum vitreophillum <Unverified Name>[10]
Diplostomum volvens[10]
Diplozoon homoion <Unverified Name>[10]
Diplozoon paradoxum[10]
Diplozoon rutili <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinorhynchus salmonis[10]
Eustrongylides excisus <Unverified Name>[10]
Eustrongylides tubifex <Unverified Name>[10]
Gnathostoma hispidum <Unverified Name>[10]
Gryporhynchus pusillum <Unverified Name>[10]
Gyrodactylus aphyae <Unverified Name>[10]
Gyrodactylus carassii <Unverified Name>[10]
Gyrodactylus decorus <Unverified Name>[10]
Gyrodactylus elegans[10]
Gyrodactylus gasterostei <Unverified Name>[10]
Gyrodactylus gracilihamatus[10]
Gyrodactylus gracillihamatus <Unverified Name>[10]
Gyrodactylus katharineri <Unverified Name>[10]
Gyrodactylus laevis <Unverified Name>[10]
Gyrodactylus leucisci <Unverified Name>[10]
Gyrodactylus magnificus <Unverified Name>[10]
Gyrodactylus prostae <Unverified Name>[10]
Gyrodactylus rutilensis <Unverified Name>[10]
Gyrodactylus scardiniensis <Unverified Name>[10]
Gyrodactylus sommervillae <Unverified Name>[10]
Gyrodactylus vimbi <Unverified Name>[10]
Holostephanus dubinini[10]
Hysteromorpha triloba[10]
Ichthyocotylurus pileatus[10]
Ichthyocotylurus platycephalus[10]
Ichthyocotylurus variegatus[10]
Khawia rossittensis <Unverified Name>[10]
Ligula intestinalis[10]
Ligula monogramma <Unverified Name>[10]
Metagonimus yokogawai[10]
Metorchis albidus[10]
Metorchis bilis <Unverified Name>[10]
Neascus musculicola <Unverified Name>[10]
Neoechinorhynchus rutili[10]
Opisthorchis felineus <Unverified Name>[10]
Ornithodiplostomum scardinii <Unverified Name>[10]
Palaeorchis incognitus <Unverified Name>[10]
Paracoenogonimus ovatus <Unverified Name>[10]
Paradilepis scolecina[10]
Paradiplozoon homoion[10]
Paradiplozoon megan <Unverified Name>[10]
Paradiplozoon rutili[10]
Paradiplozoon sapae <Unverified Name>[10]
Philometra abdominalis <Unverified Name>[10]
Philometra ovata <Unverified Name>[10]
Philometra rischta <Unverified Name>[10]
Philometra sanguinea <Unverified Name>[10]
Phyllodistomum dogieli <Unverified Name>[10]
Phyllodistomum elongatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Phyllodistomum folium[10]
Phyllodistomum homoion <Unverified Name>[10]
Phyllodistomum macrocotyle <Unverified Name>[10]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[10]
Posthodiplostomum brevicaudatum[10]
Posthodiplostomum cuticola[10]
Proteocephalus longicollis[10]
Proteocephalus percae[10]
Proteocephalus torulosus[10]
Pseudamphistomum truncatum[10]
Pseudocapillaria tomentosa <Unverified Name>[10]
Pseudoechinorhynchus borealis <Unverified Name>[10]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[10]
Rhabdochona denudata[10]
Rhabdochona gnedini <Unverified Name>[10]
Sanguinicola volgensis <Unverified Name>[10]
Schulmanella petruschewskii <Unverified Name>[10]
Sphaerostomum bramae <Unverified Name>[10]
Sphaerostomum globiporum <Unverified Name>[10]
Spiroxys contorta <Unverified Name>[10]
Streptocara crassicauda <Unverified Name>[10]
Tetracotyle percae-fluviatilis <Unverified Name>[10]
Tetraonchus monenteron[10]
Thominx petruschewskii <Unverified Name>[10]
Tylodelphys clavata[10]
Tylodelphys podicipina[10]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Artis Zoo
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Canolfan Llanelli Centre W&WTrust
London Aquarium
Museum de Besancon
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Universeum Science Center
Zoological Society of London

Distribution

Afghanistan; Africa-Inland Waters; Amudar'ya; Armenia; Asia - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Australia; Australian; Azores Islands; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Caspian Sea; China; Croatia; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Don; Elbe; Erqishi River; Estonia; Europe - Inland waters; Europe: excluding Spain, Italy, Greece and Ireland. Reported from Estonia (Ref. 33247). Regarded as a valuable species both for angling and commercial food in European freshwater fisheries but tends to be a nuisance in areas where it has become establi; Europe: excluding Spain, Italy, Greece and Ireland. Reported from Estonia (Ref. 33247). Regarded as a valuable species both for angling and commercial food in European freshwater fisheries but tends to be a nuisance in areas where it has become established. Subspecies: <i>Rutilus rutilus caspicus</i> of the Caspian Sea; <i>Rutilus rutilus heckeli</i>; <i>Rutilus rutilus fluviatilis</i> (Ref. 683); <i>Rutilus rutilus aralensis</i> (Ref. 11145, 13403, 39702); <i>Rutilus rutilus schelkovnikovi</i> Derzhavin, 1926 of the Aras River basin; <i>Rutilus rutilus uzboicus</i> Berg, 1932 of the Uzboi Valley in Turkmenistan (Ref. 39702). At least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction.; Europe: north to Pyrenees and Alps, eastward to Ural and Eya drainages (Caspian basin); Aegean basin in Pinios, Vardar, Vegoritis, Kastoria, Struma and Maritza drainages. Asia: Marmara basin and lower Sakarya in Anatolia, Aral basin, and Siberia from Ob eastward to Lena drainages. Naturally absent from Iberian Peninsula, Adriatic basin, Italy, Great Britain north of 56 N, Scandinavia north of 69° N. Locally introduced in Spain; introduced and invasive in northeastern Italy. At least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction.; Finland; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Greece; Hungary; Iberian Coastal; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Ireland; Italy; Kazakhstan; Kuban River; Lake Baikal; Latvia; Lena; Lithuania; Madagascar; Mongolia; Morocco; Netherlands; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Oceania - Inland waters; Onega River; Palearctic; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; Scotland (UK); Serbia and Montenegro; Slovakia; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Tarim; Turkey; Ukraine; United Kingdom; Uzbekistan; Volga; Yili River;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4, www.freshwaterecology.info, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012). 3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 4Lappalainen, A., M. Rask, H. Koponen & S. Vesala, 2001. Relative abundance, diet and growth of perch (Perca fluviatilis) and roach (Rutilus rutilus) at Tvärminne, northern Baltic Sea, in 1975 and 1997: responses to eutrophication? Boreal Env. Res. 6: 107–118 5Åge Brabrand, Food of roach (Rutilus rutilus) and ide (Leusiscus idus): significance of diet shift for interspecific competition in omnivorous fishes, Oecologia Volume 66, Number 4 (1985), 461-467 6Robert Gwiazda, Dariusz Bukaciński, Grzegorz Neubauer, Marcin Faber, Jacek Betleja, Magdalena Zagalska-Neubauer, Monika Bukacińska & Przemysław Chylarecki, Diet composition of the Caspian Gull (Larus cachinnans) in inland Poland: effects of breeding area, breeding stage and sympatric breeding with the Herring Gull (Larus argentatus), Ornis Fennica 88:80–89. 2011 7Diet of the Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis) at the Juodkrantė colony, lithuania, Žilvinas PŪtyS, Jūratė Zarankaite, Acta Zoologica Lituanica, 2010, Volumen 20, Numerus 3, p. 179-189 8The diet of the Saimaa ringed seal Phoca hispida saimensis, Mervi KUNNASRANTA, Heikki HYVÄRINEN, Tero SIPILÄ and Jouni T. KOSKELA, Acta Theriologica 44 (4): 443^450, 1999. 9Dietary importance of various prey fishes for pikeperch Sander lucioperca (L.) in large shallow lake Võrtsjärv (Estonia), Peeter Kangur, Andu Kangur, and Külli Kangur, Proc. Estonian Acad. Sci. Biol. Ecol., 2007, 56, 2, 154-167 10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
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