Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Salmoniformes > Salmonidae > Salvelinus > Salvelinus alpinus
 

Salvelinus alpinus (Arctic charr; Char; Ilkalupik; Mountain trout; Salmon trout)

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Wikipedia Abstract

Arctic char or Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) is a cold-water fish in the family Salmonidae, native to alpine lakes and arctic and subarctic coastal waters. Its distribution is circumpolar. It breeds in fresh water, and populations can either be landlocked or anadromous, migrating to the sea. No other freshwater fish is found as far north; it is, for instance, the only fish species in Lake Hazen on Ellesmere Island in the Canadian Arctic.
View Wikipedia Record: Salvelinus alpinus

Infraspecies

Attributes

Female Maturity [1]  9 years
Male Maturity [3]  9 years
Adult Length [1]  12 inches (31 cm)
Brood Dispersal [1]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Lithophils (rock-gravel)
Brood Guarder [1]  No
Diet [2]  Carnivore
Litter Size [1]  6,000
Maximum Longevity [1]  40 years
Migration [2]  Anadromous

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Cantabric Coast - Languedoc France, Spain Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Columbia Unglaciated United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Gulf of Venice Drainages Italy, San Marino, Slovenia, Switzerland Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Northeast US & Southeast Canada Atlantic Drainages Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    
Northern British Isles Denmark, Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Upper Danube Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Adamello Presanella 69894 Italy  
Alpi Carniche 48186 Italy  
Alto Garda Bresciano 53192 Italy  
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Aulavik National Park II 3021211 Northwest Territories, Canada
Auyuittuq National Park II 4808115 Nunavut, Canada
Beinn a`Ghlo 19978 Scotland, United Kingdom
Berchtesgaden Alps National Park II 51433 Germany
Bering Land Bridge National Preserve Ib 2823882 Alaska, United States
Black Wood of Rannoch 2720 Scotland, United Kingdom
Brenta 73487 Italy  
Cairngorms 142543 Scotland, United Kingdom
Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands 354692 Scotland, United Kingdom
Drumochter Hills 23340 Scotland, United Kingdom
Eryri/ Snowdonia 48773 Wales, United Kingdom  
Foinaven 36684 Scotland, United Kingdom
Glenveagh National Park SPA 23704 Ireland  
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Hoy 23474 Scotland, United Kingdom
Inverpolly 29349 Scotland, United Kingdom
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Killarney National Park SPA 25532 Ireland  
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lago di Mezzola e Pian di Spagna 3981 Italy  
Lagorai 114140 Italy  
Lake District High Fells 66717 England, United Kingdom
Lewis Peatlands 69055 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Loch Maree Complex 38882 Scotland, United Kingdom
Mointeach Scadabhaigh 8204 Scotland, United Kingdom
Monte di Scerscen - Ghiacciai di Scerscen - Monte Motta 23885 Italy  
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Naddle Forest 892 England, United Kingdom  
North Harris 32450 Scotland, United Kingdom
Pallas-Ounastunturi 146845 Finland  
Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio National Park V 333737 Italy
Parco Regionale Orobie Bergamasche 121015 Italy  
Parco Regionale Orobie Valtellinesi 56377 Italy  
Polar Bear Provincial Park 5502026 Ontario, Canada
Puolva 2142 Sweden  
Queen Maud Gulf Bird Sanctuary Migratory Bird Sanctuary IV 15335601 Nunavut, Canada
Quttinirpaaq (Ellesmere Island) National Park Reserve II 9436606 Nunavut, Canada
Rannoch Moor 24965 Scotland, United Kingdom
Rhoen Biosphere Reserve   Germany
River Derwent and Bassenthwaite Lake 4529 England, United Kingdom
River Eden 6087 England, United Kingdom  
River Tay 23469 Scotland, United Kingdom
Sirmilik National Park II 5475284 Canada
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
Triglav National Park II   Slovenia
Tuktut Nogait National Park II 5761538 Northwest Territories, Canada
Ukkusiksalik National Park II   Nunavut, Canada
Västra Vättern 146577 Sweden  
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Wast Water 707 England, United Kingdom
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Acanthocyclops gigas[4]
Bosmina coregoni[4]
Bosmina longirostris[4]
Calanus finmarchicus[5]
Capnia vidua[5]
Cottus aleuticus (Aleutian sculpin)[5]
Cyclops abyssorum[5]
Cyclops scutifer[4]
Daphnia galeata (waterflea)[4]
Daphnia pulex (Water flea)[5]
Eudiaptomus graciloides[4]
Eurycercus lamellatus[5]
Gammarus lacustris[5]
Gasterosteus aculeatus (Alaskan stickleback)[4]
Heterocope appendiculata[4]
Holopedium gibberum[4]
Oncorhynchus kisutch (coho salmon or silver salmon)[5]
Oncorhynchus nerka (sockeye salmon or kokanee)[5]
Orthocladius oblidens[5]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[5]
Polyphemus pediculus[4]
Rheocricotopus effusus[5]
Salvelinus alpinus (Arctic charr)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthobrama terraesanctae (Kinneret bleak)1
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)1
Aythya fuligula (Tufted Duck)1
Bucephala clangula (Common Goldeneye)1
Bythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea)1
Carassius carassius (Crucian carp)2
Clangula hyemalis (Oldsquaw)1
Coregonus albula (European whitefish)1
Coregonus clupeaformis (Common whitefish)1
Cottus cognatus (Anadyr sculpin)1
Economidichthys pygmaeus (Goby)1
Gasterosteus aculeatus (Alaskan stickleback)9
Gavia arctica (Black-throated Loon)1
Gavia stellata (Red-throated Loon)1
Larus canus (Mew Gull)1
Melanitta nigra (Black Scoter)1
Mergus serrator (Red-breasted Merganser)1
Myoxocephalus quadricornis (Alaska fourhorn sculpin)1
Neosalanx pseudotaihuensis1
Oncorhynchus clarkii (Cutthroat trout)1
Oncorhynchus mykiss (redband trout)1
Osmerus eperlanus (European smelt)1
Osmerus mordax (Rainbow smelt)1
Perca flavescens (Yellow perch)1
Perca fluviatilis (River perch)1
Podiceps grisegena (Red-necked Grebe)1
Polyphemus pediculus4
Salmo salar (Atlantic salmon)1
Salmo trutta (Brown trout)3
Sander vitreus (Walleye)1
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)1

Predators

Clangula hyemalis (Oldsquaw)[4]
Gavia arctica (Black-throated Loon)[4]
Gavia stellata (Red-throated Loon)[4]
Larus canus (Mew Gull)[4]
Lethenteron camtschaticum (Arctic lamprey)[5]
Lota lota (Thin-tailed burbot)[5]
Mergus serrator (Red-breasted Merganser)[4]
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)[5]
Pusa hispida (Ringed Seal)[5]
Salmo trutta (Brown trout)[4]
Salvelinus alpinus (Arctic charr)[5]
Somniosus microcephalus (gray shark)[5]
Stenodus leucichthys (Sheefish)[5]
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)[4]
Ursus maritimus (Polar Bear)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus anguillae[6]
Acanthocephalus clavula[6]
Acanthocephalus lucii[6]
Anisakis simplex[6]
Bothrimonus sturionis[6]
Brachyphallus crenatus[6]
Bulbodacnitis alpinus <Unverified Name>[6]
Bunodera luciopercae[6]
Capillaria salvelini <Unverified Name>[6]
Contracaecum aduncum[6]
Contracaecum osculatum[6]
Corynosoma strumosum[6]
Crepidostomum cooperi[6]
Crepidostomum farionis[6]
Crepidostomum metoecus[6]
Cryptocotyle lingua[6]
Cyathocephalus truncatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Cystidicola farionis <Unverified Name>[6]
Cystidicola stigmatura <Unverified Name>[6]
Cystidicoloides ephemeridarum <Unverified Name>[6]
Cystidicoloides tenuissima <Unverified Name>[6]
Derogenes varicus[6]
Diphyllobothrium dendriticum[6]
Diphyllobothrium ditremum[6]
Diphyllobothrium latum[6]
Diplocotyle olrikii[6]
Diplostomum labracis <Unverified Name>[6]
Diplostomum spathaceum[6]
Discocotyle sagittata[6]
Echinorhynchus bothniensis[6]
Echinorhynchus gadi[6]
Echinorhynchus lateralis[6]
Echinorhynchus leidyi[6]
Echinorhynchus salmonis[6]
Echinorhynchus truttae[6]
Eubothrium crassum[6]
Eubothrium salvelini[6]
Gyrodactylus arcuatus[6]
Gyrodactylus birmani <Unverified Name>[6]
Gyrodactylus salaris (Salmon Fluke)[6]
Hemiurus levinseni[6]
Hysterothylacium gadi <Unverified Name>[6]
Lecithaster gibbosus[6]
Ligula intestinalis[6]
Neoechinorhynchus rutili[6]
Nybelinia surmenicola[6]
Philonema agubernaculum <Unverified Name>[6]
Philonema oncorhynchi <Unverified Name>[6]
Philonema sibirica <Unverified Name>[6]
Phyllodistomum conostomum[6]
Phyllodistomum limnosa <Unverified Name>[6]
Phyllodistomum umblae <Unverified Name>[6]
Pomphorhynchus bosniacus[6]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[6]
Prosorhynchus squamatus[6]
Proteocephalus arcticus <Unverified Name>[6]
Proteocephalus exiguus[6]
Proteocephalus longicollis[6]
Proteocephalus neglectus <Unverified Name>[6]
Proteocephalus sagittus <Unverified Name>[6]
Proteocephalus thymalli <Unverified Name>[6]
Proteocephalus tumidocollus <Unverified Name>[6]
Pseudocapillaria salvelini <Unverified Name>[6]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[6]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[6]
Rhabdochona denudata[6]
Schistocephalus solidus[6]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[6]
Sterliadochona ephemeridarum <Unverified Name>[6]
Tetraonchus alaskensis[6]
Triaenophorus crassus[6]
Triaenophorus nodulosus[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Universeum Science Center

Range Map

Europe - Inland waters; Former USSR - Inland waters; Lake Baikal; Palearctic; Russian Federation;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4Food web topology and parasites in the pelagic zone of a subarctic lake, Per-Arne Amundsen, Kevin D. Lafferty, Rune Knudsen, Raul Primicerio, Anders Klemetsen and Armand M. Kuris, Journal of Animal Ecology 2009, 78, 563–572 5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access