Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Carangidae > Selar > Selar crumenophthalmus
 

Selar crumenophthalmus (Steenbrass; Silver scad; Scad; Purse-eyed scad; Purse-eye scad; Jackfish; Jack; Horse-eye jack; Horse mackerel; Goggler; Goggle-eyed scad; Goggle-eye; Chicharro; Big-eyed scad; Bigeye scad atulai; Big-eye scad; Bigeye scad; Big eye scad)

Synonyms: Caranx blochii; Caranx crumenophtalmus; Caranx crumenophthalmus; Caranx daubentonii; Caranx macrophthalmus; Caranx mauritianus; Caranx plumieri; Caranx torvus; Scomber balantiophthalmus; Scomber crumenophthalmus; Scomber plumieri; Selar crumenophtalmus; Selar crumenopthalmus; Selar crumenthalmops; Trachiurops crumenophthalmus; Trachurops brachychirus; Trachurops crumenophthalmus; Trachurops crumenophthalmus crockeri; Trachurus crumenophthalmus
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Wikipedia Abstract

The bigeye scad (Selar crumenophthalmus) is an oceanic fish found in tropical regions around the globe. Other common names include purse-eyed scad, goggle-eyed scad, akule, chicharro, charrito ojón, and coulirou. The bigeye scad is fished commercially, both for human consumption and for bait.
View Wikipedia Record: Selar crumenophthalmus

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      

Prey / Diet

Acartia lilljeborgii[1]
Acartia spinata[1]
Acartia tonsa[1]
Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[1]
Brachyscelus crusculum[1]
Candacia pachydactyla[2]
Centropages furcatus[1]
Corycaeus amazonicus[1]
Corycaeus subulatus[1]
Euchaeta marina[1]
Eurydice littoralis[1]
Euterpina acutifrons[1]
Farranula gracilis[1]
Flaccisagitta enflata[1]
Fritillaria haplostoma[1]
Glossocephalus milneedwardsi[1]
Krohnitta subtilis[1]
Labidocera acutifrons[1]
Lestrigonus bengalensis[1]
Microsetella rosea[1]
Nannocalanus minor[2]
Oikopleura dioica[1]
Oikopleura longicauda[1]
Oithona colcarva[1]
Oithona nana[1]
Oithona oculata[1]
Oithona plumifera[1]
Oithona simplex[1]
Oncaea mediterranea[1]
Oncaea venusta[1]
Paracalanus aculeatus[1]
Paracalanus crassirostris[1]
Paracalanus parvus[1]
Penilia avirostris[1]
Rhabdamia gracilis (Slender cardinalfish)[3]
Scolecithrix danae[2]
Serratosagitta serratodentata[1]
Undinula vulgaris[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Abudefduf saxatilis (Sergeant-major)1
Amblycirrhitus pinos (Redspotted Hawkflsh)3
Chromis cyanea (Blue chromis)2
Chromis multilineata (Yellow-edge chromis)2
Clepticus parrae (Sorrel chub)1
Decapterus punctatus (Summer stonebrass)2
Haemulon aurolineatum (Seize)1
Harengula clupeola (Sardine)2
Jenkinsia lamprotaenia (Sweethead fry)2
Opisthonema oglinum (Atlantic thread herring)1
Opistognathus aurifrons (Yellowhead jawfish)2
Paranthias furcifer (Sea bass)1
Remora remora (Suck fish)2
Seriola rivoliana (Pacific amberjack)1
Thalassoma bifasciatum (Tikitiki)1
Xyrichtys splendens (Green Razorfish)3

Predators

Aulostomus maculatus (Trumpetfish)[1]
Bothus lunatus (Solefish)[2]
Caranx melampygus (black ulua)[1]
Carcharhinus longimanus (Whitetip whaler)[1]
Carcharhinus perezii (Caribbean reef shark)[1]
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)[4]
Epinephelus striatus (White grouper)[1]
Istiompax indica (Marlin)[4]
Istiophorus platypterus (Atlantic sailfish)[5]
Kajikia audax (Stripey)[6]
Lobotes surinamensis (Tripple tail)[1]
Lutjanus apodus (Schooly)[1]
Makaira mazara (black spearfish)[1]
Mycteroperca venenosa (Yellow-finned grouper)[1]
Nematistius pectoralis (Jack)[1]
Onychoprion fuscatus (Sooty Tern)[1]
Rachycentron canadum (Sergent fish)[4]
Rhizoprionodon porosus (Snook shark)[1]
Scomberomorus cavalla (Spanish mackerel)[1]
Scomberomorus regalis (painted mackerel)[2]
Scorpaena brasiliensis (Barbfish)[1]
Scorpaena grandicornis (poison grouper)[1]
Sphyraena barracuda (Striped seapike)[1]
Sphyraena jello (indo-malaysian barracuda)[4]
Sphyrna lewini (Southern hammerhead shark)[7]
Sula leucogaster (Brown Booby)[8]
Sula nebouxii (Blue-footed Booby)[8]
Sula sula sula (Red-footed booby)[9]
Synodus intermedius (Sand diver)[1]
Trichiurus lepturus (Atlantic Cutlassfish)[1]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[10]
Choricotyle caulolatili[10]
Dinurus scombri[10]
Ectenurus trachuri[10]
Ectenurus virgulus[10]
Hamacreadium mutabile[10]
Jaliscia caballeroi <Unverified Name>[10]
Lecithochirium apharei <Unverified Name>[10]
Lecithochirium ghanense <Unverified Name>[10]
Lecithochirium microcercus[10]
Lecithocladium angustiovum <Unverified Name>[10]
Lepidapedon elongatum[10]
Metacamopia chorinemi[10]
Monascus typicus[10]
Neidhartia xishaensis <Unverified Name>[10]
Neoprosorhynchus xishaensis[10]
Parahemiurus merus[10]
Pseudaxinoides vietnamensis[10]
Pseudomazocraes monsivaisae[10]
Stephanostomum tenue[10]
Synaptobothrium apharei <Unverified Name>[10]

Distribution

Circumtropical. Indo-Pacific: East Africa (Ref. 3287) to Rapa, north to southern Japan and the Hawaiian Islands, south to New Caledonia. Eastern Pacific: Mexico to Peru, including the Galapagos Islands (Ref. 5530). Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia, Canada and Bermuda through the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean to to São Paulo (Ref. 47377), Brazil. Eastern Atlantic: Cape Verde to southern Angola (Ref. 7097).;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
2Food Habits of Reef Fishes of the West Indies, John E. Randall, Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. 5, 665–847 (1967)
3Predators of Tuna Baitfish and the Effects of Baitfishing on the Subsistence Reef Fisheries of Fiji, S.J.M. Blaber, D.A. Milton, N.J.F. Rawlinson and A. Sesewa, Tuna Baitfish in Fiji and Solomon Islands: proceedings of a workshop, Suva, Fiji, 17-18 August 1993. ACIAR Proceedings No. 52. p. 51-61
4Diet composition and food habits of demersal and pelagic marine fishes from Terengganu waters, east coast of Peninsular Malaysia, Z. Bachok, M.I. Mansor and R.M. Noordin, NAGA, WorldFish Center Quarterly Vol. 27 No. 3 & 4 Jul-Dec 2004, p. 41-47
5Diet composition of sailfish (Istiophorus platypterus) from the southern Gulf of California, Mexico, José Rosas-Alayolaa, Agustín Hernández-Herrera, Felipe Galvan-Magaña, L. Andres Abitia-Cárdenasa and Arturo F. Muhlia-Melo, Fisheries Research Volume 57, Issue 2, August 2002, Pages 185-195
6Food habits and energy values of prey of striped marlin, Tetrapturus audax, off the coast of Mexico, Leonardo A. Abitia-Cardenas, Felipe Galvan-Magaña, Jesus Rodriguez-Romero, Fishery Bulletin 95(2). 1997, p. 360-368
7Feeding habits of the scalloped hammerhead shark, Sphyrna lewini, in Mazatlán waters, southern Gulf of California, Mexico, Yassir TORRES-ROJAS, Agustín HERNANDEZ-HERRERA & Felipe GALVAN-MAGAÑA, Cybium 2006, 30(4) suppl.: 85-90
8Species- and sex-specific differences in foraging behaviour and foraging zones in blue-footed and brown boobies in the Gulf of California, Henri Weimerskirch, Scott A. Shaffer, Yann Tremblay, Daniel P. Costa, Hélène Gadenne, Akiko Kato, Yan Ropert-Coudert, Katsufumi Sato, David Aurioles, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 391: 267–278, 2009
9THE DIET OF MASKED, BROWN AND RED-FOOTED BOOBIES (SULIDAE: PELECANIFORMES) IN THE MONA PASSAGE, PUERTO RICO, Ricardo López-Ortiz, 2007, PhD Dissertation, UPR/RUM
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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