Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Cypriniformes > Cyprinidae > Tinca > Tinca tinca

Tinca tinca (Tench; Green tench; Doctor-fish; Doctor fish)

Synonyms: Cyprinus tinca; Cyprinus tinca auratus; Cyprinus tincaauratus; Cyprinus tincauratus; Cyprinus tincaurea; Cyprinus zeelt; Tinca chrysitis; Tinca communis; Tinca italica; Tinca limosa; Tinca linnei; Tinca vulgaris; Tinca vulgaris cestellae
Language: Afrikaans; Albanian; Bulgarian; Chinese; Czech; Danish; Dutch; Estonian; Finnish; French; Gaelic, Irish; German; Greek; Hungarian; Icelandic; Italian; Kirghiz; Latvian; Lithuanian; Macedonian; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Persian; Polish; Portuguese; Prussian, Old; Rapa; Romanian; Russian; Serbian; Slovak; Slovenian; Spanish; Swedish; Turkish

Wikipedia Abstract

The tench or doctor fish (Tinca tinca) is a fresh- and brackish-water fish of the cyprinid family found throughout Eurasia from Western Europe including the British Isles east into Asia as far as the Ob and Yenisei Rivers. It is also found in Lake Baikal. It normally inhabits slow-moving freshwater habitats, particularly lakes and lowland rivers. In Germany, the tench is called Schlei.
View Wikipedia Record: Tinca tinca

Invasive Species

Tench (Tinca tinca) are a widespread species of freshwater fish native to temperate Europe and Asia. Popular as an angling species, they have been introduced to a number of countries as a sport fish. Their omnivorous diet and tolerance of a wide range of environmental conditions has lead to some countries labelling tench an invasive species, due to concerns over competition with native fish.
View ISSG Record: Tinca tinca


Female Maturity [1]  3 years 6 months
Diet [2]  Omnivore, Planktivore, Detritivore
Adult Length [1]  25 inches (64 cm)
Brood Dispersal [1]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Phytophils
Brood Guarder [1]  No
Litter Size [1]  800,000
Maximum Longevity [1]  9 years
Migration [2]  Potamodromous


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Alaska & Canada Pacific Coastal Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Appalachian Piedmont United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Cantabric Coast - Languedoc France, Spain Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Chesapeake Bay United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Columbia Glaciated Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Columbia Unglaciated United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
East Texas Gulf United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Italian Peninsula & Islands France, Italy, Malta, Monaco Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Middle Missouri United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northeast US & Southeast Canada Atlantic Drainages Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    
Oregon & Northern California Coastal United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Sabine - Galveston United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
St. Lawrence Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Teays - Old Ohio United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Upper Mississippi United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Upper Rio Grande - Bravo Mexico, United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
US Southern Plains United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berchtesgaden Alps National Park II 51433 Germany
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Bentivoglio, S. Pietro in Casale, Malalbergo e Baricella 7967 Italy  
Boschi del Ticino 50788 Italy  
Castelnuovo Bocca d'Adda 408 Italy  
Cerová vrchovina a Rimavská kotlina 76986 Slovakia  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Fenland 1529 England, United Kingdom
Fiume Po - tratto vercellese alessandrino 34859 Italy  
Fiume Po da Rio Boriacco a Bosco Ospizio 14018 Italy  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Foce dell'Isonzo - Isola della Cona 6593 Italy  
Grampians National Park II 416373 Victoria, Australia
Hattah-Kulkyne NP and Murray-Kulkyne Park National Park II 122831 Victoria, Australia
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Lama del Badiotto e Garzaia della Brarola 252 Italy  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Nene Washes 218 England, United Kingdom
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Paul do Boquilobo Biosphere Reserve Nature Reserve IV 1352 Portugal  
Po di Corte S. Andrea 334 Italy  
Po di Monticelli Pavese e Chignolo Po 719 Italy  
Po di Pieve Porto Morone 82 Italy  
Po di San Rocco al Porto 326 Italy  
Portholme 227 England, United Kingdom  
Prespa National Park II 62043 Greece  
Przywidz 2355 Poland  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Reserve Srebarna Managed Reserve IV 2294 Bulgaria  
Rheinsberger Rhin und Hellberge 2123 Germany  
Riserva Regionale Lanca di Gerole 2916 Italy  
Ruegen   Germany      
Schaalsee   Germany      
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Senna Lodigiana 808 Italy  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Studenetz 69315 Bulgaria  
The Broads 14554 England, United Kingdom  
Thursley, Ash, Pirbright and Chobham 12696 England, United Kingdom
Torrente Orba 1250 Italy  
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Valli di Argenta 7178 Italy  
Vessertal-Thuringian Forest Biosphere Reserve 42250 Germany  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Wacmierz 960 Poland  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  

Prey / Diet

Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[3]
Procambarus clarkii (red swamp crawfish)[3]
Sympetrum corruptum (variegated meadowhawk)[3]


Esox lucius (Jack)[3]
Sander lucioperca (Pike-perch)[3]
Silurus glanis (Danubian wels)[3]


Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus anguillae[4]
Acanthocephalus gracilacanthus[4]
Acanthocephalus lucii[4]
Allocreadium isoporum <Unverified Name>[4]
Anguillicola crassus <Unverified Name>[4]
Anisakis schupakovi <Unverified Name>[4]
Apharyngostrigea cornu <Unverified Name>[4]
Apophallus muehlingi[4]
Archigetes sieboldi <Unverified Name>[4]
Asymphylodora tincae[4]
Biacetabulum appendiculatum <Unverified Name>[4]
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi[4]
Bothriocephalus opsariichthydis <Unverified Name>[4]
Bucephalus polymorphus[4]
Camallanus lacustris[4]
Capillaria brevispicula <Unverified Name>[4]
Capillaria tomentosa <Unverified Name>[4]
Caryophyllaeus fimbriceps <Unverified Name>[4]
Caryophyllaeus laticeps <Unverified Name>[4]
Caryophyllaeus tuba <Unverified Name>[4]
Clinostomum complanatum <Unverified Name>[4]
Contracaecum squalii <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus anchoratus[4]
Dactylogyrus macracanthus <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus similis[4]
Dactylogyrus tincae <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus triappendixis <Unverified Name>[4]
Desmidocercella numidica <Unverified Name>[4]
Desportesius brevicaudatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Dilepis unilateralis <Unverified Name>[4]
Diplostomum spathaceum[4]
Diplozoon paradoxum[4]
Echinorhynchus truttae[4]
Gryporhynchus cheilancristrotus[4]
Gryporhynchus pusillum <Unverified Name>[4]
Gyrodactylus elegans[4]
Gyrodactylus medius[4]
Gyrodactylus nemachili <Unverified Name>[4]
Gyrodactylus tincae <Unverified Name>[4]
Hysteromorpha triloba[4]
Ichthyocotylurus pileatus[4]
Khawia baltica <Unverified Name>[4]
Khawia sinensis <Unverified Name>[4]
Ligula intestinalis[4]
Metagonimus yokogawai[4]
Molnaria intestinalis <Unverified Name>[4]
Monobothrium wageneri <Unverified Name>[4]
Neoechinorhynchus rutili[4]
Neogryporhynchus cheilancristrotus <Unverified Name>[4]
Opisthorchis felineus <Unverified Name>[4]
Paracoenogonimus ovatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Paradilepis scolecina[4]
Philometra ovata <Unverified Name>[4]
Phyllodistomum elongatum <Unverified Name>[4]
Phyllodistomum folium[4]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[4]
Posthodiplostomum cuticola[4]
Proteocephalus percae[4]
Proteocephalus torulosus[4]
Pseudocapillaria tomentosa <Unverified Name>[4]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[4]
Sanguinicola intermedia <Unverified Name>[4]
Schulmanella petruschewskii <Unverified Name>[4]
Skrjabillanus tincae <Unverified Name>[4]
Sphaerostomum globiporum <Unverified Name>[4]
Syncuaria squamata <Unverified Name>[4]
Triaenophorus nodulosus[4]
Tylodelphys clavata[4]
Valipora campylancristrota <Unverified Name>[4]
Pollinator of 
Hibiscus laevis (halberdleaf rosemallow)[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Artis Zoo
Canolfan Llanelli Centre W&WTrust
Foxburrows Farm&Hainault ForestCtry Pk
London Aquarium
Museum de Besancon
Ouwehand Zoo
Riga Zoo
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Thuringer Zoopark Erfurt
Universeum Science Center
Washington Waterfowl Park W&WT
Zoo Zürich
Zoological Society of London


Africa-Inland Waters; Albegna; America, North - Inland waters; America, South - Inland waters; Armenia; Asia - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Australia; Australian; Austria; Azerbaijan; Baltic Sea; Belarus; Belgium; Black Sea; Bosten Lake; Bulgaria; Canada; Caspian Sea; Chile; China; Croatia; Czech Republic; Denmark; Don; Elbe; Erqishi River; Estonia; Ethiopian; Eurasia: all of Europe, including the British Isles. Arctic Ocean drainage, Ob and Yenisei basins, and rarely in Lake Baikal (Ref. 1998).; Eurasia: hypothesized as native in most Europe, naturally absent only in Ireland, Scandinavia north of 61°30'N, eastern Adriatic basin and western and southern Greece where it is now introduced. In Asia, native eastward to western Yenisei drainage south of 60° N. Introduced elsewhere.; Europe - Inland waters; Finland; Fiora; France; Georgia; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Greece; Hungary; Iberian Coastal; India; Indonesia; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Ireland; Israel; Issyk-Kul Lake; Italy; Japan; Jordan; Kazakhstan; Kuban River; Kyrgyzstan; Lake Baikal; Latvia; Lithuania; Loire; Macedonia, Fmr Yug Rp of; Madagascar; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Moldova, Republic of; Mongolia; Morocco; Nearctic; Neotropical; Netherlands; New Zealand; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Ob-Irtysh; Oceania - Inland waters; Ombrone; Oriental; Palearctic; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; Scotland (UK); Serbia and Montenegro; Slovakia; Slovenia; South Africa; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Tarim; Tunisia; Turkey; USA (contiguous states); Ukraine; United Kingdom; Ural; Uzbekistan; Volga; Yenisei-Angara; Yili River; Zambia; Zimbabwe;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access