Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Gadiformes > Phycidae > Urophycis > Urophycis chuss
 

Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake; Red hake; Ling; Hake)

Synonyms: Blennius chuss; Enchelyopus americanus; Gadus longipes; Phycis chuss; Phycis filamentosus; Phycis marginatus
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Wikipedia Abstract

The red hake or squirrel hake, Urophycis chuss, is a phycid hake of the genus Urophycis, found in the Atlantic Ocean at depths between 10 and 500 m. It grows to about 30 in (75 cm) and 7 lb (3.2 kg). Red hake are edible, and are sought out by recreational fisherman as a gamefish.
View Wikipedia Record: Urophycis chuss

Attributes

Migration [1]  Migratory

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States

Prey / Diet

Aeginina longicornis[2]
Ammodytes dubius (offshore sand lance)[3]
Ammodytes marinus (sand eel)[2]
Astarte arctica (Arctic astarte)[2]
Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[2]
Cancer irroratus (rock crab)[2]
Cancer plebejus (Atlantic rock crab)[3]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[2]
Crangon septemspinosa (sevenspine bay shrimp)[4]
Dichelopandalus leptocerus (bristled longbeak)[3]
Gammarus lawrencianus[4]
Illex illecebrosus (northern shortfin squid)[5]
Leptocheirus pinguis[3]
Meganyctiphanes norvegica (Norwegian krill)[3]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[3]
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)[3]
Mustelus canis (Dogfish)[2]
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus (Sea raven)[2]
Neomysis americana (Mysid shrimp)[4]
Nephtys incisa[4]
Pandalus borealis (northern shrimp)[3]
Peprilus triacanthus (Sheephead)[2]
Pontogeneia inermis[2]
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)[2]
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)[2]
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)[2]
Venustaconcha ellipsiformis (ellipse)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)3
Alosa sapidissima (American shad)2
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)8
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)3
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)2
Bathyraja spinicauda (Spiny-tailed skate)2
Brosme brosme (Tusk)3
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)5
Centroscyllium fabricii (Black dogfish)2
Citharichthys arctifrons (Gulf Stream flounder)2
Coelorinchus caelorhincus (Saddled grenadier)2
Cynoscion regalis (Weakfish)6
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)2
Dipturus batis (Blue skate)2
Dipturus laevis (Barndoor skate)2
Etmopterus spinax (Black centrina)2
Gadus morhua (rock cod)5
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)2
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)5
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)3
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)4
Lagenorhynchus acutus (Atlantic White-sided Dolphin)2
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)3
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)2
Lepophidium profundorum (Fawn cusk-eel)4
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)7
Leucoraja garmani (Freckled skate)2
Leucoraja ocellata (Winter skate)4
Limanda ferruginea (rusty flounder)3
Lophius americanus (Monkfish)2
Macrourus berglax (smoothspined grenadier)2
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)6
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)4
Menticirrhus saxatilis (Northern kingfish)3
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)7
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)3
Morone americana (Wreckfish)2
Mustelus canis (Dogfish)2
Myoxocephalus aenaeus (Little sculpin)3
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus (Sea raven)4
Ophichthus cruentifer (Snake eel)2
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)3
Pollachius virens (Sillock)4
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)2
Prionotus carolinus (Searobin)4
Prionotus evolans (Striped searobin)3
Pseudopleuronectes americanus (rough flounder)6
Raja eglanteria (Clearnose skate)2
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)2
Scomber scombrus (Split)2
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)8
Scyliorhinus retifer (Chain dogfish)2
Sebastes fasciatus (Acadian redfish)2
Stenotomus chrysops (Scup)6
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)3
Triglops murrayi (Moustache sculpin)3
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)5
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)3
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)2

Predators

Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[2]
Brosme brosme (Tusk)[2]
Hemitripterus americanus (Wip)[2]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[2]
Hippoglossus hippoglossus (Halibut)[2]
Lagenorhynchus acutus (Atlantic White-sided Dolphin)[6]
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)[2]
Leucoraja ocellata (Winter skate)[2]
Lophius americanus (Monkfish)[7]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[2]
Morone saxatilis (Striper bass)[3]
Mustelus canis (Dogfish)[2]
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)[2]
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)[2]
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)[2]
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)[2]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[3]
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)[2]
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)[3]
Zoarces americanus (Ocean pout)[2]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[8]
Bothriocephalus scorpii[8]
Derogenes varicus[8]
Diclidophoroides maccallumi[8]
Echinorhynchus gadi[8]
Genolinea laticauda[8]
Grillotia erinaceus[8]
Hemiurus levinseni[8]
Lecithaster gibbosus[8]
Lecithophyllum botryophorum[8]
Lepidapedon elongatum[8]
Podocotyle atomon[8]
Podocotyle reflexa[8]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[8]
Spinitectus cristatus <Unverified Name>[8]
Steganoderma formosum[8]
Steringophorus furciger[8]

Distribution

Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Canada; Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Northwest Atlantic: North Carolina to southern Nova Scotia, straying to the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Rare European records are probably misidentifications of <i>Urophycis tenuis</i>.; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; USA (contiguous states); United Kingdom;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 3Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000) 4 Steimle FW, Pikanowski RA, McMillan DG, Zetlin CA, Wilk SJ. 2000. Demersal Fish and American Lobster Diets in the Lower Hudson - Raritan Estuary. US Dep Commer, NOAA Tech Memo NMFS NE 161; 106 p. 5Feeding Spectrum and Trophic Relationships of Short-finned Squid (Illex illecebrosus) in the Northwest Atlantic, Yu. M. Froerman, NAFO Sci. Coun. Studies, 7: 67-75 (1984) 6Food habits of Atlantic white-sided dolphins (Lagenorhynchus acutus) off the coast of New England, James E. Craddock, Pamela T. Polloni, Brett Hayward, Frederick Wenzel, Fish. Bull. 107:384–394 (2009) 7Food and Ontogenetic Shifts in Feeding of the Goosefish, Lophius Americanus, Michael P. Armstrong, John A. Musick, and James A. Colvocoresses, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 18: 99–103 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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