Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Acanthuridae > Acanthurus > Acanthurus chirurgus
 

Acanthurus chirurgus (Doctorfish; Black doctorfish)

Synonyms: Acanthurus chirurgicus; Acanthurus phlebotomus; Chaetodon chirurgus
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Wikipedia Abstract

Acanthurus chirurgus, commonly called doctorfish or doctorfish tang in English and barbero rayado or cirujano rayado in Spanish, is a tropical marine fish common in the Atlantic Ocean.
View Wikipedia Record: Acanthurus chirurgus

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Banco Chinchorro Biosphere Reserve VI 358906 Mexico    
Cayos Cochinos Archipelago National Park Natural Marine Monument   Honduras  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Isla Mujeres, Punta Cancun y Punta Nizuc National Park II 21428 Quintana Roo, Mexico    
Parque Marino Nacional Sistema Arrecifal Veracruzano National Park II 129688 Mexico      
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Saba Marine Park National Marine Park II 5573 Netherlands Antilles  
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      

Prey / Diet

Agelas dispar[1]
Aiolochroia crassa[1]
Amphimedon erina[1]
Aplysina cauliformis[1]
Aplysina fistularis (Yellow tube sponge)[1]
Aplysina fulva[1]
Aplysina lacunosa (Giant tube sponge)[1]
Cervicornia cuspidifera[1]
Chondrilla nucula (Chicken liver sponge)[1]
Clathrina coriacea (white clathrina)[1]
Cliona aprica[1]
Cliona caribbaea[1]
Cliona delitrix (Red boring sponge)[1]
Cliona laticavicola[1]
Cliona tenuis[1]
Cliona varians[1]
Cliona vermifera[1]
Cribrochalina dura[1]
Cribrochalina vasculum[1]
Dictyonella arenosa[1]
Dictyonella funicularis[1]
Dysidea janiae[1]
Gelliodes ramosa[1]
Geodia neptuni[1]
Geodia papyracea[1]
Goniobranchus splendidus[1]
Hyrtios violaceus[1]
Igernella notabilis[1]
Iotrochota birotulata (Black bush sponge)[1]
Ircinia campana (Stinking vase sponge)[1]
Ircinia felix (Stinking vase sponge)[1]
Mycale laxissima[1]
Neofibularia nolitangere (Touch-me-not sponge)[1]
Neopetrosia rosariensis[1]
Neopetrosia subtriangularis[1]
Petrosia pellasarca[1]
Pione lampa[1]
Siphonodictyon brevitubulatum (short-tubed boring sponge)[1]
Smenospongia aurea[1]
Spheciospongia vesparium (Common loggerhead sponge)[1]
Strongylacidon griseum[1]
Syringodium filiforme (manatee grass)[2]
Tectitethya crypta[1]
Thalassia testudinum (turtlegrass)[2]
Verongula gigantea (Giant bowl sponge)[1]
Verongula reiswigi[1]
Verongula rigida[1]
Xestospongia muta (giant barrel sponge)[1]
Xestospongia portoricensis[1]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthurus coeruleus (Yellow doctorfish)1
Aluterus schoepfii (Tobaccofish)2
Canthigaster rostrata (Sharpnose pufferfish)1
Chaetodipterus faber (White angelfish)1
Chelonia mydas (Green Turtle)2
Hemiramphus brasiliensis (Ballyhoo halfbeak)2
Lactophrys bicaudalis (Trunkfish)2
Monacanthus ciliatus (Leather-fish)1
Mugil curema (White mullet)1
Scarus coelestinus (Midnight Parrotfish)1
Scarus guacamaia (Blue rainbow)2
Scarus taeniopterus (Blue chub)1
Scarus vetula (Blownose)1
Sparisoma aurofrenatum (Black parrot)1
Sparisoma chrysopterum (Redtail parrotfish)1
Sparisoma radians (Sleep on grass)1
Sparisoma rubripinne (Yellowtail parrotfish)1
Sparisoma viride (Stoplight parrotfish)1
Stegastes fuscus (dusky damselfish)1

Predators

Alphestes afer (Small grouper)[1]
Aulostomus maculatus (Trumpetfish)[1]
Caranx ruber (Bar jack)[1]
Carcharhinus limbatus (Spot-fin ground shark)[3]
Carcharhinus perezii (Caribbean reef shark)[1]
Cephalopholis cruentata (Grouper)[1]
Cephalopholis fulva (Yellowfish)[1]
Epinephelus striatus (White grouper)[1]
Gymnothorax vicinus (Purple-mouthed moray eel)[1]
Lutjanus analis (Virgin snapper)[1]
Lutjanus cyanopterus (Guasinuco)[1]
Lutjanus jocu (Snuggletooth snapper)[1]
Mycteroperca tigris (Tiger rockfish)[1]
Mycteroperca venenosa (Yellow-finned grouper)[1]
Rhizoprionodon porosus (Snook shark)[1]
Scorpaena brasiliensis (Barbfish)[1]
Scorpaena grandicornis (poison grouper)[1]
Scorpaena plumieri (Pacific spotted scorpionfish)[1]
Sphyraena barracuda (Striped seapike)[1]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Dichadena acuta[4]
Haliotrema teuthis[4]
Neobenedenia melleni[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Acquario di Genova
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoo
Cameron Park Zoo
Florida Aquarium
John G. Shedd Aquarium
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
Randers Regnskov
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Rotterdam Zoo

Distribution

Western Atlantic: Massachusetts (USA), Bermuda, and the northern Gulf of Mexico to São Paulo, Brazil. Eastern Atlantic: Senegal.;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
2Food Habits of Reef Fishes of the West Indies, John E. Randall, Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. 5, 665–847 (1967)
3Occurrence, Diet and Growth of Juvenile Blacktip Sharks, Carcharhinus limbatus, from Los Roques Archipelago National Park, Venezuela, RAFAEL TAVARES, Caribbean Journal of Science, Vol. 44, No. 3, 291-302, 2008
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access