Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Clupeiformes > Engraulidae > Anchoa > Anchoa mitchilli
 

Anchoa mitchilli (Bay anchovy; Common anchovy; Anchovy)

Synonyms: Anchoa mitchilli diaphana; Engraulis louisiana; Engraulis mitchilli
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Wikipedia Abstract

Anchoa mitchilli is a species of fish in the family Engraulidae, the anchovies. Its common names include bay anchovy and common anchovy. It is native to the western Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico. It is one of the most common fish species along the coastlines of the western Atlantic.
View Wikipedia Record: Anchoa mitchilli

Attributes

Migration [1]  Amphidromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
Jean Lafitte National Hist. Park & Preserve National Historical Park II 17686 Louisiana, United States
New Jersey Pinelands Biosphere Reserve   New Jersey, United States  

Prey / Diet

Acartia tonsa[2]
Alosa sapidissima (American shad)[3]
Alpheus normanni (green snapping shrimp)[3]
Americamysis almyra[3]
Anchoa mitchilli (Bay anchovy)[3]
Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[3]
Brevoortia patronus (Bunker)[3]
Callinectes sapidus (blue crab)[3]
Centropages caribbeanensis[3]
Chrysaora quinquecirrha (sea nettle)[3]
Crassostrea virginica (American cupped oyster)[3]
Euterpina acutifrons[2]
Fenestraria rhopalophylla (babies toes)[3]
Gobiosoma bosc (Naked goby)[3]
Labidocera aestiva[3]
Laeonereis culveri (Culver's sandworm)[3]
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)[3]
Litopenaeus setiferus (white shrimp)[3]
Lucifer faxoni (Lucifer shrimp)[3]
Micropogonias undulatus (Atlantic croacker)[3]
Mya arenaria (Clam)[3]
Ophioderma brevispina[3]
Palaemonetes pugio (daggerblade grass shrimp)[3]
Parvocalanus crassirostris[2]
Pseudodiaptomus pelagicus[3]
Rhincalanus cornutus[3]
Ruppia cirrhosa (spiral ditchgrass)[3]
Taphromysis louisianae[3]
Temora longicornis[3]
Temora turbinata[3]
Trinectes maculatus (Hogchoker)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Abudefduf saxatilis (Sergeant-major)1
Anchoa hepsetus (Broad-striped anchovy)1
Chromis punctipinnis (Blacksmith chromis)1
Halichoeres maculipinna (Slippery okra)1
Hypoatherina harringtonensis (Slender silverside)1
Membras martinica (Rough silverside)3
Menidia menidia (Tidewater silverside)2
Ramnogaster arcuata (Jenyn's sprat)1
Sardina pilchardus (European pilchard)1
Seriphus politus (Drum)1

Predators

Anchoa mitchilli (Bay anchovy)[3]
Ancylopsetta ommata (Ocellated flounder)[3]
Ariopsis felis (Sea catfish)[3]
Atractosteus spatula (Alligator gar)[3]
Bairdiella chrysoura (Silver perch)[3]
Carcharhinus plumbeus (Thickskin shark)[4]
Centropristis philadelphica (Sea bass)[3]
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)[5]
Chrysaora quinquecirrha (sea nettle)[3]
Citharichthys spilopterus (Bay Whiff)[3]
Cynoscion arenarius (Sand seatrout)[3]
Cynoscion nebulosus (Spotted weakfish)[3]
Cynoscion regalis (Weakfish)[5]
Elops saurus (Ladyfish)[3]
Euthynnus alletteratus (Little tunny)[3]
Gobiosoma bosc (Naked goby)[3]
Ictalurus furcatus (blue catfish)[3]
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)[3]
Lagodon rhomboides (Salt-water bream)[3]
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)[3]
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)[3]
Leucophaeus atricilla (Laughing Gull)[6]
Lophodytes cucullatus (Hooded Merganser)[3]
Menidia beryllina (Waxen silverside)[3]
Micropogonias undulatus (Atlantic croacker)[5]
Mnemiopsis leidyi (Leidy's comb jelly)[3]
Morone americana (Wreckfish)[3]
Morone saxatilis (Striper bass)[3]
Mycteroperca microlepis (Velvet rockfish)[3]
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)[7]
Paralichthys lethostigma (Southern flounder)[3]
Pogonias cromis (Sea drum)[3]
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)[3]
Sciaenops ocellatus (Spotted bass)[8]
Strongylura marina (Atlantic needlefish)[3]
Synodus foetens (Soapfish)[3]

Range Map

Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Gulf of Mexico; Laguna de Términos; Mexico; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; USA (contiguous states); Western Atlantic: Casco Bay, Maine south to Florida Keys and westward around the Gulf of Mexico south to Yucatán; not in the West Indies.;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2Trophic relationships and seasonal utilization of salt-marsh creeks by zooplanktivorous fishes, Dennis M. Allen, William S. Johnson & Virginia Ogburn-Matthews, Environmental Biology of Fishes 42: 37-50, 1995.
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4DIET OF THE SANDBAR SHARK, CARCHARHINUS PLUMBEUS, IN CHESAPEAKE BAY AND ADJACENT WATERS, Julia K. Ellis, Masters Thesis, The College of William and Mary, 2003
5Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000)
6del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
7Latour, Robert J., et al. "The trophic dynamics of summer flounder (Paralichthys dentatus) in Chesapeake Bay." Fishery Bulletin 106.1 (2008): 47+. Academic OneFile. Web. 23 July 2010
8Food of the Red Drum, Sciaenops ocellata, from Mississippi Sound, Robin M. Overstreet, Richard W. Heard, Gulf Research Reports, Vol. 6, No. 2, 131-135, 1978
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Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access