Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Pleuronectidae > Atheresthes > Atheresthes stomias
 

Atheresthes stomias (Turbot; Long-jaw flounder; Arrow-tooth flounder; Arrowtooth flounder)

Synonyms: Platysomatichthys stomias; Reinhardtius stomias
Language: Danish; French; Mandarin Chinese; Polish; Portuguese; Salish; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The arrowtooth flounder, Atheresthes stomias, is a fish in the family Pleuronectidae, the right-eyed flounders. It can be caught from the Bering Sea to Santa Rosa Island, California.It is also at present the most common fish in the gulf of Alaska. Unfortunately there is insufficient data on many general traits including size and age of sexual maturity of the flounder. However we do know Spawning occurs from December through February. This species of flounder can live up to 25 years.
View Wikipedia Record: Atheresthes stomias

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  2.43 lbs (1.10 kg)
Maximum Longevity [2]  15 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada

Prey / Diet

Allosmerus elongatus (Whitebait smelt)[3]
Ammodytes hexapterus (Stout sand lance)[4]
Anisarchus medius (Stout eelblenny)[4]
Anoplopoma fimbria (Skil)[4]
Aspidophoroides monopterygius (Atlantic alligatorfish)[4]
Atheresthes evermanni (Kamchatka flounder)[4]
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)[5]
Bathymaster signatus (Searcher)[4]
Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[4]
Chauliodus macouni (Fanged viperfish)[4]
Chionoecetes bairdi (southern Tanner crab)[5]
Citharichthys sordidus (Sanddab)[3]
Citharichthys stigmaeus (Speckled sanddab)[3]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[4]
Clupea pallasii (Pacific herring)[4]
Coryphaenoides filifer (Threadfin grenadier)[4]
Eumicrotremus orbis (Spiny lumpsucker)[4]
Euphausia pacifica (Pacific krill)[3]
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)[5]
Glyptocephalus zachirus (Witch)[4]
Gymnocanthus galeatus (Armorhead sculpin)[4]
Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole)[5]
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)[4]
Icelus spiniger (Thorny sculpin)[4]
Lepidopsetta bilineata (Rock sole)[4]
Leptoclinus maculatus (Daubed shanny)[6]
Leuroglossus schmidti (northern smoothtongue)[4]
Limanda aspera (Yellowfin sole)[4]
Lumpenella longirostris (Long-snouted blenny)[4]
Lycodes brevipes (Shortfin eelpout)[4]
Lycodes diapterus (Black eelpout)[4]
Lycodes palearis (Wattled eelpout)[4]
Lyopsetta exilis (Slender sole)[3]
Malacocottus zonurus (Bartail sculpin)[4]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[5]
Melamphaes lugubris (Highsnout bigscale)[4]
Merluccius productus (Whiting)[4]
Microgadus proximus (Tommy cod)[3]
Neocrangon communis (gray shrimp)[6]
Neomysis rayii[4]
Oncorhynchus keta (Calico salmon)[4]
Oncorhynchus kisutch (coho salmon or silver salmon)[4]
Pandalopsis dispar (sidestriped shrimp)[4]
Pandalus borealis (northern shrimp)[5]
Pandalus goniurus (humpy shrimp)[4]
Pandalus jordani (ocean shrimp)[4]
Pandalus montagui (Aesop shrimp)[4]
Pandalus stenolepis (roughpatch shrimp)[4]
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)[7]
Podothecus accipenserinus (Sturgeon-like sea-poacher)[4]
Poroclinus rothrocki (Whitebarred blenny)[4]
Protomyctophum thompsoni (Bigeye lanternfish)[4]
Psettichthys melanostictus (Pacific sand sole)[3]
Ptilichthys goodei (Quillfish)[4]
Ronquilus jordani (Ronquil)[4]
Sardinops sagax (Australian pilchard)[4]
Sebastes alutus (Snapper)[4]
Sebastes aurora (Rockfish)[4]
Sebastes zacentrus (Sharpchin rockfish)[4]
Sebastolobus alascanus (Channel rockcod)[4]
Sigmops gracilis (Slender fangjaw)[4]
Spirinchus starksi (Night smelt)[3]
Stenobrachius leucopsarus (Smallfin lanternfish)[4]
Thaleichthys pacificus (Candlefish)[4]
Theragra chalcogramma (Whiting)[5]
Thysanoessa inermis[6]
Thysanoessa longipes[4]
Thysanoessa raschii (Arctic krill)[6]
Thysanoessa spinifera[4]
Trichodon trichodon (Sandfish)[4]
Triglops forficatus (Scissortail sculpin)[4]
Triglops scepticus (Spectacled sculpin)[4]
Zaprora silenus (Prowfish)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)2
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)3
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)1
Anarhichas minor (Spotted wolf-fish)1
Artediellus atlanticus (Atlantic hookear)1
Atheresthes evermanni (Kamchatka flounder)2
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)3
Balaenoptera borealis (Sei Whale)1
Balaenoptera musculus (Blue Whale)1
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)2
Bathyraja aleutica (Aleutian skate)4
Bathyraja interrupta (Sandpaper skate)3
Bathyraja maculata (White-blotched skate)1
Bathyraja parmifera (Flathead skate)1
Bathyraja spinicauda (Spiny-tailed skate)1
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)1
Brachyramphus brevirostris (Kittlitz's Murrelet)1
Brachyramphus marmoratus (Marbled Murrelet)2
Careproctus furcellus (Emarginate snailfish)1
Careproctus rastrinus (Salmon snailfish)1
Centroscyllium fabricii (Black dogfish)1
Cepphus columba (Pigeon Guillemot)1
Crystallichthys cyclospilus (Blotched snailfish)1
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)3
Delphinapterus leucas (Beluga)1
Entosphenus tridentatus (Pacific lamprey)1
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)2
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)2
Fratercula corniculata (Horned Puffin)1
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)2
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)5
Gadus morhua (rock cod)2
Gadus ogac (White sea nonmigratory cod)1
Gaidropsarus argentatus (Treebearded rockling)1
Hemilepidotus jordani (Yellow Irish lord)2
Hemitripterus bolini (Bigmouth sculpin)1
Hexagrammos stelleri (Greenling)1
Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole)3
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)2
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)4
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Pacific White-sided Dolphin)1
Lamna ditropis (Salmon shark)1
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)1
Larus canus (Mew Gull)1
Larus glaucescens (Glaucous-winged Gull)1
Lepidopsetta polyxystra (Northern rock sole)1
Limanda aspera (Yellowfin sole)2
Liparis gibbus (Dusky snailfish)1
Lycodes esmarkii (Esmark's eelpout)1
Lycodes reticulatus (Arctic eelpout)1
Macrourus berglax (smoothspined grenadier)2
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)2
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)2
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)3
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)2
Merluccius albidus (Offshore whiting)1
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)2
Nansenia candida (Bluethroat argentine)1
Oceanodroma leucorhoa (Leach's Storm-Petrel)1
Oncorhynchus kisutch (coho salmon or silver salmon)1
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)1
Phoca largha (Spotted Seal)1
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)1
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)1
Pleuronectes quadrituberculatus (Alaska plaice)1
Pollachius virens (Sillock)2
Puffinus tenuirostris (Short-tailed Shearwater)1
Raja binoculata (Big skate)2
Raja rhina (Longnose skate)3
Rajella fyllae (Round ray)2
Rajella lintea (Sharp-nosed skate)1
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)2
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)3
Sebastes mentella (Redfish)1
Stercorarius parasiticus (Parasitic Jaeger)1
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)1
Synthliboramphus antiquus (Ancient Murrelet)1
Theragra chalcogramma (Whiting)4
Triglops murrayi (Moustache sculpin)2
Uria aalge (Common Murre)1
Uria lomvia (Thick-billed Murre)2
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)1

Predators

Anoplopoma fimbria (Skil)[4]
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)[5]
Bathyraja aleutica (Aleutian skate)[4]
Bathyraja interrupta (Sandpaper skate)[4]
Bathyraja parmifera (Flathead skate)[4]
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)[4]
Derogenes varicus[4]
Entosphenus tridentatus (Pacific lamprey)[8]
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)[9]
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)[5]
Galeorhinus galeus (Vitamin shark)[3]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[4]
Hemitripterus bolini (Bigmouth sculpin)[10]
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)[4]
Homo sapiens (man)[4]
Merluccius productus (Whiting)[3]
Nybelinia surmenicola[4]
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon or king salmon)[4]
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)[4]
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)[4]
Raja binoculata (Big skate)[4]
Raja rhina (Longnose skate)[4]
Sebastes aleutianus (Rougheye rockfish)[4]
Sebastes alutus (Snapper)[4]
Sebastes polyspinis (Rockfish)[4]
Sebastolobus alascanus (Channel rockcod)[3]
Somniosus pacificus (Pacific Sleeper Shark)[11]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[4]
Theragra chalcogramma (Whiting)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[12]
Branchobdella pugetensis[12]
Corynosoma strumosum[12]
Corynosoma villosum[12]
Corynosoma wegeneri[12]
Derogenes varicus[12]
Echinorhynchus gadi[12]
Entobdella hippoglossi[12]
Entobdella pugetensis[4]
Lecithaster gibbosus[12]
Mamaevodiclidophora pugetensis <Unverified Name>[12]
Neoheterobothrium pugetensis[12]
Nybelinia surmenicola[12]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[12]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[12]
Scolex polymorphus <Unverified Name>[12]
Steganoderma formosum[12]

Distribution

Alaska (USA); Arctic Ocean; Beaufort Sea; California Current; Canada; Chukchi Sea; East Bering Sea; Gulf of Alaska; North Pacific: Bering Sea coasts of Russia and Alaska to San Simeon, California, USA. The San Pedro, California, USA record for this species in Miller and Lea 1972 (Ref. 6792) is based on a misidentification of <i>Eopsetta exilis</i>.; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; Pacific, Northwest; Russian Federation; USA (contiguous states); West Bering Sea;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 3Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository. 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5Groundfish Food Habits and Predation on Commercially Important Prey Species in the Eastern Bering Sea From 1997 Through 2001, Lang, G. M., P. A. Livingston, and K. A. Dodd, 2005, U.S. Dep. Comer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-158, 230 p. 6MS Yang, PA Livingston, Food habits and diet overlap of two congeneric species, Athersthes stomias and Atheresthes evermanni, in the eastern Bering Sea NOAA Fishery Bulletin Vol. 84 No. 3, 1986 7The trophic role of Atka mackerel, Pleurogrammus monopterygius, in the Aleutian Islands area, Mei-Sun Yang, Fish. Bull. 97(4):1047-1057 (1999) 8Feeding and Prey of Pacific Lamprey in Coastal Waters of the Western North Pacific, Alexei Orlov, Richard Beamish, Andrei Vinnikov, Dmitry Pelenev, American Fisheries Society Symposium 69, 2009 9SEASONAL AND SPATIAL DIFFERENCES IN DIET IN THE WESTERN STOCK OF STELLER SEA LIONS (EUMETOPIAS JUBATUS), E. H. Sinclair and T. K. Zeppelin, Journal of Mammalogy Vol. 83, No. 4 (Nov., 2002), pp. 973-990 10Life history traits of sculpins in the eastern Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands, Todd T. TenBrink and Kerim Y. Aydin, NPRB Project 628 Final Report (2009) 11Diet of Pacific sleeper shark, Somniosus pacificus, in the Gulf of Alaska, Mei-Sun Yang and Benjamin N. Page, Fish. Bull. 97:406–409 (1999) 12Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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