Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Bothidae > Bothus > Bothus lunatus

Bothus lunatus (Solefish; Plate fish; Peacock flounder; Flounder)

Synonyms: Bothus lunulatus; Platophrys lunatus; Pleuronectes argus; Pleuronectes lunatus; Rhomboidichthys lunatus; Romboidichthys lunatus
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Wikipedia Abstract

The plate fish, Bothus lunatus, is a flounder in the genus Bothus, found in the warmer parts of the Atlantic including the Caribbean. Its typical habitat is sandy plains near coral reefs and it is able to change its colouring to make it well-camouflaged in this environment. It is sometimes known as the peacock flounder, a name also given to the closely related Bothus mancus from the Indo-Pacific.
View Wikipedia Record: Bothus lunatus

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Banco Chinchorro Biosphere Reserve VI 358906 Mexico    
Cayos Cochinos Archipelago National Park Natural Marine Monument   Honduras  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Saba Marine Park National Marine Park II 5573 Netherlands Antilles  
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      

Prey / Diet

Acartia lilljeborgii[1]
Acartia spinata[1]
Acartia tonsa[1]
Anchoa hepsetus (Broad-striped anchovy)[1]
Chromis cyanea (Blue chromis)[1]
Chromis multilineata (Yellow-edge chromis)[1]
Clepticus parrae (Sorrel chub)[1]
Decapterus punctatus (Summer stonebrass)[1]
Euchaeta marina[1]
Gonodactylus bredini[1]
Gonodactylus lacunatus[1]
Gramma loreto (Fairy basslet)[1]
Gramma melacara (Blackcap Basslet)[1]
Hypoatherina harringtonensis (Slender silverside)[1]
Jenkinsia lamprotaenia (Sweethead fry)[1]
Labidocera acutifrons[1]
Octopus briareus (Caribbean reef octopus)[1]
Opistognathus aurifrons (Yellowhead jawfish)[1]
Paracalanus aculeatus[1]
Paracalanus crassirostris[1]
Paracalanus parvus[1]
Selar crumenophthalmus (Steenbrass)[2]
Undinula vulgaris[1]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)1
Istiompax indica (Marlin)1
Istiophorus platypterus (Atlantic sailfish)1
Kajikia audax (Stripey)1
Rachycentron canadum (Sergent fish)1
Scomberomorus regalis (painted mackerel)1
Sula leucogaster (Brown Booby)1


Carcharhinus perezii (Caribbean reef shark)[1]


Parasitized by 
Hamacreadium mutabile[3]
Helicometrina nimia[3]
Lecithochirium microcercus[3]
Leurodera decora[3]
Myzoxenus lachnolaimi[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoo
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH


Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Aruba; Ascension Island; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Southeast; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Bermuda; Brazil; Caribbean Sea; Cayman Islands; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Curaçao Island; Discovery Bay; Dominica; Dominican Republic; East Brazil Shelf; French Guiana; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guatemala; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Jamaica; Martinique; Mexico; Montserrat; Nicaragua; North Brazil Shelf; Panama; Puerto Rico; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent & the Grenadines; Sao Tomé and Principe; South Brazil Shelf; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Suriname; Trindade Island; Trinidad and Tobago; Turks and Caicos Is.; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Venezuela; Virgin Islands (UK); Western Atlantic: Florida (USA), Bermuda, and the Bahamas to Brazil. Absent in Gulf of Mexico (Ref. 26938). Eastern Atlantic: Ascension Island and the Gulf of Guinea (Ref. 5979).;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
2Food Habits of Reef Fishes of the West Indies, John E. Randall, Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. 5, 665–847 (1967)
3Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access