Animalia > Chordata > Elasmobranchii > Carcharhiniformes > Carcharhinidae > Carcharhinus > Carcharhinus plumbeus
 

Carcharhinus plumbeus (Thickskin shark; Shark; Sandbar shark; Sand shark; Queriman shark; Northern whaler shark; Brown shark; Large finned shark)

Synonyms: Carcharhinus japonicus; Carcharhinus milberti; Carcharias ceruleus; Carcharias japonicus; Carcharias latistomus; Carcharias milberti; Carcharias obtusirostris; Carcharias stevensi; Carcharinus latistomus; Carcharinus plumbeus; Eulamia milberti; Galeolamna dorsalis; Galeolamna stevensi; Lamna caudata; Squalus caecchia; Squalus plumbeus
Language: Afrikaans; Albanian; Arabic; Bali; Catalan; Croatian; Czech; Danish; Dutch; French; German; Greek; Hawaiian; Italian; Japanese; Javanese; Korean; Malagasy; Malay; Maltese; Mandarin Chinese; Polish; Portuguese; Serbian; Serer; Spanish; Swedish; Thai; Turkish; Unknown; Wolof

Wikipedia Abstract

The sandbar shark, Carcharhinus plumbeus, is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, native to the Atlantic Ocean and the Indo-Pacific. It is distinguishable by its very high first dorsal fin and inter-dorsal ridge. The sandbar shark is also called the thickskin shark or brown shark. It is one of the biggest coastal sharks in the world, and is closely related to the dusky shark, the bignose shark, and the bull shark. Its dorsal fin is triangular and very high.
View Wikipedia Record: Carcharhinus plumbeus

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  143.30 lbs (65.00 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  14 years
Male Maturity [1]  14 years 4 months
Litter Size [1]  8
Maximum Longevity [1]  32 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  

Prey / Diet

Anchoa hepsetus (Broad-striped anchovy)[2]
Anchoa mitchilli (Bay anchovy)[2]
Brevoortia tyrannus (Shad)[2]
Callinectes sapidus (blue crab)[2]
Cynoscion regalis (Weakfish)[2]
Doryteuthis pealeii (longfin inshore squid)[2]
Faughnia haani (Mantis shrimp)[2]
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)[3]
Lolliguncula brevis (Atlantic brief squid)[2]
Micropogonias undulatus (Atlantic croacker)[2]
Ophichthus cruentifer (Snake eel)[3]
Ovalipes ocellatus (ocellate lady crab)[2]
Pagurus pollicaris (flatclaw hermit)[2]
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)[2]
Prionotus carolinus (Searobin)[2]
Raja eglanteria (Clearnose skate)[2]
Spisula solidissima (Surf clam)[3]
Trinectes maculatus (Hogchoker)[2]
Upogebia affinis (coastal mud shrimp)[2]
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Albula vulpes (Bonefish)1
Anarhichas minor (Spotted wolf-fish)1
Ariopsis felis (Sea catfish)1
Atlantoraja platana (Ray)1
Brevoortia aurea (Brazilian menhaden)1
Caranx ruber (Bar jack)1
Carcharhinus falciformis (Silky shark)1
Carcharhinus obscurus (Whaler shark)5
Carcharias taurus (Spotted sand tiger shark)2
Carcharodon carcharias (Maneater shark)1
Centropomus undecimalis (Thin snook)1
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)2
Cynoscion arenarius (Sand seatrout)1
Cynoscion nothus (Silver weakfish)1
Dasyatis americana (Kit)1
Dasyatis centroura (clam cracker)1
Dasyatis say (Say's stingray)1
Epinephelus marginatus (Yellowbelly rockcod)1
Galeocerdo cuvier (Tiger-shark)1
Globicephala melas (Long-finned Pilot Whale)1
Isurus oxyrinchus (Short-finned mako)2
Isurus paucus (Long-fin mako)1
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)1
Lepidochelys kempii (Atlantic Ridley, Kemp’s Ridley Seaturtle)3
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)3
Leucoraja garmani (Freckled skate)1
Leucoraja ocellata (Winter skate)1
Lophius americanus (Monkfish)2
Lutjanus campechanus (Red snapper)1
Menticirrhus americanus (Woundhead)1
Menticirrhus saxatilis (Northern kingfish)3
Micropogonias furnieri (Whitemouth drummer)1
Micropogonias undulatus (Atlantic croacker)3
Morone saxatilis (Striper bass)1
Mycteroperca microlepis (Velvet rockfish)1
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)8
Paralichthys orbignyanus1
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)1
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)2
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)4
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)1
Prionotus evolans (Striped searobin)1
Pseudopleuronectes americanus (rough flounder)3
Rachycentron canadum (Sergent fish)3
Raja eglanteria (Clearnose skate)2
Rhinobatos percellens (fiddlefish)1
Rhinoptera bonasus (Skeete)1
Rhizoprionodon lalandii (Sharpnose shark)1
Rhizoprionodon terraenovae (Atlantic sharp-nosed shark)3
Rhomboplites aurorubens (Vermillion snapper)1
Rynchops niger (Black Skimmer)1
Saurida brasiliensis (Brazilian lizardfish)1
Sciaenops ocellatus (Spotted bass)4
Scomberomorus cavalla (Spanish mackerel)2
Scomberomorus maculatus (Spanish mackerel)1
Sphyraena guachancho (Sockeye)2
Squatina dumeril (Atlantic angelshark)4
Synodus foetens (Soapfish)3
Trichiurus lepturus (Atlantic Cutlassfish)2
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)1
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)1
Xiphopenaeus kroyeri (seabob)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Dasyrhynchus giganteus[4]
Dasyrhynchus pacificus[4]
Disculiceps pileatus[4]
Erpocotyle macrohystera[4]
Floriceps saccatus[4]
Grillotia perelica <Unverified Name>[4]
Platybothrium cervinum[4]
Platybothrium coshtaprum[4]
Platybothrium parvum[4]
Pterobothrium heteracanthum[4]
Tentacularia coryphaenae[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Acquario di Genova
Adventure Aquarium
Albuquerque Biological Park
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Aquarium of the Pacific, Long Beach
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Legoland Atlantis By Sealife
Living Seas
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
Newport Aquarium
Oceanario de Lisboa
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium
Rotterdam Zoo
Six Flags Discovery Kingdom
South Carolina Aquarium
Tennessee Aquarium

Distribution

Aegean Sea; Agulhas Current; Albania; Algeria; Angola; Arabian Sea; Argentina; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southeast; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Australia; Bahamas; Bahrain; Belize; Benguela Current; Benin; Brazil; Cameroon; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Cape Verde; Caribbean Sea; China; Colombia; Congo, Dem. Rep. of the; Congo, Republic of; Coral Sea and GBR; Costa Rica; Cuba; Cyprus; Djibouti; East Brazil Shelf; East Central Australian Shelf; East China Sea; Ecuador; Egypt; Equatorial Guinea; Eritrea; Fiji Islands; France; Gabon; Galapagos Islands; Gambia; Ghana; Great Barrier Reef; Greece; Guatemala; Guinea Current; Gulf of Aden; Gulf of Aqaba; Gulf of Mexico; Gulf of Oman; Hawaii (USA); Honduras; Hong Kong; Iberian Coastal; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Eastern; Indian Ocean, Western; Indonesia; Indonesian Sea; Insular Pacific-Hawaiian; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Iraq; Israel; Italy; Japan; Jordan; Korea, Republic of; Kuroshio Current; Kuwait; Lebanon; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Macau; Madagascar; Malaysia; Malta; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Mexico; Monaco; Morocco; Mozambique; New Caledonia; Nicaragua; Nigeria; Norfolk Island; North Australian Shelf; North Brazil Shelf; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Ogasawara Islands; Oman; Pacific Central-American Coastal; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northwest; Pacific, Southeast; Pacific, Southwest; Pacific, Western Central; Panama; Papua New Guinea; Persian Gulf; Peru-Galapagos Waters; Portugal; Qatar; Red Sea; Revillagigedo; Ryukyu Islands; Réunion; Sao Tomé and Principe; Saudi Arabia; Senegal; Seychelles; Slovenia; Somalia; South Africa; South Brazil Shelf; South China Sea; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Southwest Australian Shelf; Spain; Sudan; Syrian Arab Republic; Taiwan; Tanzania, United Rep. of; Togo; Tonga; Trinidad and Tobago; Tunisia; Turkey; Tuvalu; USA (contiguous states); United Arab Emirates; Uruguay; Venezuela; Viet Nam; West Central Australian Shelf; Western Atlantic: southern Massachusetts, USA to Argentina (Ref. 58839); also Gulf of Mexico, Bahamas, Cuba and south and west Caribbean (Ref. 26938). Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to Democratic Republic of the Congo, including the Mediterranean. Indo-Pa; Western Atlantic: southern Massachusetts, USA to Argentina (Ref. 58839); also Gulf of Mexico, Bahamas, Cuba and south and west Caribbean (Ref. 26938). Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to Democratic Republic of the Congo, including the Mediterranean. Indo-Pacific: scattered records ranging from the Red Sea, Persian Gulf and East Africa to the Hawaiian Islands. Eastern Pacific: Revillagigedo and Galapagos islands (Ref. 28023).; Yellow Sea; Yemen;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Group expert : Compagno, L.J.V., 02-Oct-2012, FishBase in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2DIET OF THE SANDBAR SHARK, CARCHARHINUS PLUMBEUS, IN CHESAPEAKE BAY AND ADJACENT WATERS, Julia K. Ellis, Masters Thesis, The College of William and Mary, 2003 3Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000) 4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011