Animalia > Chordata > Elasmobranchii > Lamniformes > Lamnidae > Carcharodon > Carcharodon carcharias
 

Carcharodon carcharias (Maneater shark; White shark; White pointer; White death; Shark; Mango-taniwha; Mango-ururoa; Man-eater shark; Maneater; Man-eater; Man eater; Great white shark; Requin)

Synonyms: Carcharias atwoodi; Carcharias lamia; Carcharias maso; Carcharias verus; Carcharias vulgaris; Carcharodon albimors; Carcharodon capensis; Carcharodon rondeletii; Carcharodon smithi; Carcharodon smithii; Carharodon carcharias; Squalus caninus; Squalus carcharias; Squalus vulgaris
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Wikipedia Abstract

The great white shark (Carcharodon carcharias), also known as the great white, white pointer, white shark, or white death, is a species of large lamniform shark which can be found in the coastal surface waters of all the major oceans. The great white shark is mainly known for its size, with mature individuals growing up to 6.4 m (21 ft) in length (although reports have been published of great white sharks measuring over 8 m (26 ft), and 3,324 kg (7,328 lb) in weight).
View Wikipedia Record: Carcharodon carcharias

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  2.06 tons (1,870.00 kg)
Male Maturity [2]  9 years
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Litter Size [2]  6
Maximum Longevity [2]  50 years
Migration [3]  Oceanodromous
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Speed [4]  24.85 MPH (11.11 m/s)
Water Biome [1]  Coastal

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Mascarenes Mauritius, France Afrotropic Oceanic Islands    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Arcipelago delle Egadi - area marina e terrestre 119270 Italy    
Arcipelago delle Eolie - area marina e terrestre 98800 Italy    
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  

Prey / Diet

Auxis rochei (bonitou)[5]
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)[5]
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)[5]
Capra hircus (domestic goat)[5]
Carcharhinus obscurus (Whaler shark)[5]
Caretta caretta (Loggerhead)[5]
Chelonia mydas (Green Turtle)[5]
Chrysoblephus puniceus (Slinger seabream)[5]
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)[5]
Dermochelys coriacea (Leatherback Sea Turtle)[5]
Enhydra lutris (Sea Otter)[5]
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)[5]
Isurus oxyrinchus (Short-finned mako)[5]
Mirounga angustirostris (Northern Elephant Seal)[6]
Mustelus canis (Dogfish)[5]
Neophoca cinerea (Australian Sealion)[5]
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)[5]
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)[7]
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)[5]
Pomadasys commersonnii (Smallspotted grunt)[5]
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)[8]
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)[5]
Rhincodon typus (Whale-shark)[5]
Rhizoprionodon acutus (Yellow dog shark)[5]
Sarda sarda (Stripe-backed pelamis)[5]
Sardinops sagax (Australian pilchard)[5]
Stenella coeruleoalba (Striped Dolphin)[5]
Thunnus alalunga (longfinned albacore)[5]
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)[8]
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)[5]
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)[5]
Zalophus californianus (California Sealion)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Carcharhinus plumbeus (Thickskin shark)1
Caretta caretta (Loggerhead)1
Galeocerdo cuvier (Tiger-shark)1
Isurus oxyrinchus (Short-finned mako)1
Isurus paucus (Long-fin mako)2
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)2
Phalacrocorax brasilianus (Neotropic Cormorant)1
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)1
Rynchops niger (Black Skimmer)1
Somniosus microcephalus (gray shark)1
Squatina dumeril (Atlantic angelshark)1
Sterna hirundo (Common Tern)1
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)1
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthobothrium carchariaerondeletii <Unverified Name>[9]
Clistobothrium carcharodoni[9]
Clistobothrium tumidum <Unverified Name>[9]
Hepatoxylon megacephalum[9]
Hepatoxylon trichiuri[9]
Phyllobothrium lactuca[5]
Phyllobothrium tumidum[5]
Tentacularia coryphaenae[9]

Distribution

Aegean Sea; Alaska (USA); Albania; Algeria; Angola; Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Arabian Sea; Argentina; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southeast; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Australia; Bahamas; Barbados; Benguela Current; Benin; Bermuda; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Brazil; California Current; Cameroon; Canada; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Cape Verde; Caribbean Sea; Chile; China; Colombia; Congo, Dem. Rep. of the; Coral Sea and GBR; Cosmopolitan, mostly amphitemperate. Western Atlantic: Newfoundland, Canada to Argentina; also north Gulf of Mexico, Bahamas, Cuba and Lesser Antilles (Ref. 26938). Eastern Atlantic: France to South Africa, including the Mediterranean. Indian Ocean: ; Cosmopolitan, mostly amphitemperate. Western Atlantic: Newfoundland, Canada to Argentina; also north Gulf of Mexico, Bahamas, Cuba and Lesser Antilles (Ref. 26938). Eastern Atlantic: France to South Africa, including the Mediterranean. Indian Ocean: Red Sea, Seychelles, South Africa; also Reunion and Mauritius (Ref. 33390). Western Pacific: Siberia to New Zealand and the Marshall Islands; also south Australia (Ref. 26938). Central Pacific: Hawaii. Eastern Pacific: Alaska to Chile. International trade cooperation, Australia (<b>CITES</b> Appendix III, since 28.5.2003; <b>CMS</b> Appendix I and II).; Croatia; Cuba; Cyprus; Côte d'Ivoire; Dominica; East Brazil Shelf; East Central Australian Shelf; East China Sea; Ecuador; Egypt; Eritrea; Fiji Islands; France; Gabon; Galapagos Islands; Ghana; Gibraltar; Greece; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guinea Current; Gulf of Alaska; Gulf of California; Gulf of Mexico; Hawaii (USA); Hong Kong; Humboldt Current; Iberian Coastal; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Eastern; Indian Ocean, Western; Insular Pacific-Hawaiian; Israel; Italy; Japan; Jordan; Kenya; Korea, Dem. People's Rep; Korea, Republic of; Kuroshio Current; Lebanon; Liberia; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Macau; Madagascar; Madeira Islands; Malta; Marshall Islands; Martinique; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Mexico; Midway Islands; Monaco; Montserrat; Morocco; Mozambique; Namibia; New Caledonia; New Zealand; New Zealand Shelf; Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf; Nicaragua; Nigeria; Norfolk Island; North Brazil Shelf; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Pacific Central-American Coastal; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; Pacific, Northwest; Pacific, Southeast; Pacific, Southwest; Pacific, Western Central; Panama; Patagonian Shelf; Persian Gulf; Peru; Peru-Galapagos Waters; Philippines; Portugal; Red Sea; Revillagigedo; Russian Federation; Ryukyu Islands; Réunion; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent & the Grenadines; Saudi Arabia; Scotian Shelf; Sea of Japan; Sea of Marmara; Senegal; Serbia and Montenegro; Seychelles; Sierra Leone; Slovenia; Somali Coastal Current; South Africa; South Brazil Shelf; South China Sea; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Southwest Australian Shelf; Southwest Chilean Waters; Spain; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Syrian Arab Republic; Taiwan; Tanzania, United Rep. of; Tasman Sea; Togo; Trinidad and Tobago; Tunisia; Turkey; Tuvalu; USA (contiguous states); Uruguay; Viet Nam; West Central Australian Shelf; Western Sahara; Yellow Sea; Yemen;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
4Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Mirounga angustirostris, Brent S. Stewart and Harriet R. Huber, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 449, pp. 1-10 (1993)
7Phocoena phocoena, David E. Gaskin, Peter W. Arnold, and Barbara A. Blair, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 42, pp. 1-8 (1974)
8Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000)
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access