Animalia > Chordata > Elasmobranchii > Carcharhiniformes > Carcharhinidae > Galeocerdo > Galeocerdo cuvier
 

Galeocerdo cuvier (Tiger-shark; Tiger shark; Spotted shark; Maneater shark; Leopard shark)

Synonyms: Carcharias fasciatus; Carcharias hemprichii; Galeocerda cuvier; Galeocerdo arcticus; Galeocerdo cuvieri; Galeocerdo obtusus; Galeocerdo rayneri; Galeocerdo tigrinus; Galeus cepedianus; Galeus maculatus; Squalus arcticus; Squalus cuvier
Language: Aceh; Afrikaans; Arabic; Bahasa Indonesia; Bali; Carolinian; Creole, French; Creole, Portuguese; Danish; Dutch; Fijian; Finnish; Fon GBE; French; German; Greek; Gujarati; Hawaiian; Icelandic; Italian; Japanese; Javanese; Kannada; Kiribati; Korean; Mahl; Malagasy; Malay; Malayalam; Mandarin Chinese; Maori; Marathi; Norwegian; Other; Papiamento; Persian; Polish; Portuguese; Rapa; Samoan; Serer; Spanish; Swahili; Swedish; Tagalog; Tahitian; Tamil; Telugu; Thai; Tongan; Tuvaluan; Urdu; Vietnamese; Vili; Wayuu; Wolof

Wikipedia Abstract

The tiger shark (Galeocerdo cuvier) is a species of requiem shark and the only extant member of the genus Galeocerdo. Commonly known as the "Sea Tiger", the tiger shark is a relatively large macropredator, capable of attaining a length over 5 m (16 ft). It is found in many tropical and temperate waters, and it is especially common around central Pacific islands.
View Wikipedia Record: Galeocerdo cuvier

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  979.01 lbs (444.07 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  7 years
Male Maturity [2]  5 years
Litter Size [2]  32
Maximum Longevity [2]  50 years
Migration [3]  Oceanodromous
Speed [4]  19.86 MPH (8.88 m/s)
Water Biome [1]  Coastal

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aldabra Special Reserve 86487 Seychelles    
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Pulu Keeling National Park II 6469 Cocos (Keeling) Islands    
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  

Prey / Diet

Acanthostracion quadricornis (Trunkfish)[5]
Ariopsis felis (Sea catfish)[5]
Bagre marinus (Slooprig)[5]
Canis lupus (Wolf)[5]
Carcharhinus obscurus (Whaler shark)[6]
Caretta caretta (Loggerhead)[7]
Cetorhinus maximus (Sun-fish)[6]
Chelonia mydas (Green Turtle)[8]
Diodon hystrix (Ajargo)[7]
Dugong dugon (Dugong)[8]
Elops saurus (Ladyfish)[5]
Epinephelus itajara (Jewfish)[5]
Equus hemionus (kulan)[5]
Felis catus (Domestic Cat)[5]
Fistularia petimba (Pacific cornetfish)[5]
Galeocerdo cuvier (Tiger-shark)[6]
Hevea brasiliensis (rubber tree)[5]
Homo sapiens (man)[5]
Hydrophis elegans (Elegant or bar-bellied seasnake)[8]
Iguana iguana (Common Green Iguana)[5]
Lagocephalus laevigatus (Smooth puffer)[5]
Lobatus gigas (pink or queen conch)[9]
Lophius americanus (Monkfish)[6]
Negaprion acutidens (Sicklefin lemon shark)[5]
Phoebastria nigripes (Black-footed Albatross)[5]
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)[6]
Ptereleotris helenae (Hovering goby)[5]
Ranina ranina (spanner crab)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aetobatus narinari (White-spotted eagle ray)1
Balistes vetula (Turbot)1
Bodianus diplotaenia (Pacific hogfish)1
Callinectes sapidus (blue crab)1
Carcharhinus plumbeus (Thickskin shark)1
Carcharodon carcharias (Maneater shark)1
Caretta caretta (Loggerhead)2
Cephalopholis cruentata (Grouper)1
Cephalopholis fulva (Yellowfish)1
Cephalopholis panamensis (Panama graysby)1
Diodon hystrix (Ajargo)1
Epinephelus labriformis (lateralband grouper)1
Epinephelus striatus (White grouper)1
Gymnothorax castaneus (Panamic green moray)1
Gymnothorax dovii (Speckled moray)1
Haemulon plumierii (White snapper)1
Haemulon sciurus (Yellow grunt)1
Isurus oxyrinchus (Short-finned mako)1
Isurus paucus (Long-fin mako)1
Lachnolaimus maximus (Hogftsh)1
Lutjanus analis (Virgin snapper)1
Lutjanus argentiventris (yellowtail snapper)1
Lutjanus griseus (Snapper)1
Lutjanus jocu (Snuggletooth snapper)1
Lutjanus novemfasciatus (black snapper)1
Lutjanus viridis (Blue-and-gold snapper)1
Novaculichthys taeniourus (clown wrasse)1
Ocyurus chrysurus (Yellowtail snapper)1
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)2
Rynchops niger (Black Skimmer)1
Squatina dumeril (Atlantic angelshark)1
Sterna hirundo (Common Tern)1
Thalassoma grammaticum (Sunset wrasse)1
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)1
Trachinotus falcatus (Yellow-wax pompano)1
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)1

Predators

Galeocerdo cuvier (Tiger-shark)[6]

Providers

Parasite of 
Dicranobothrium spinulifera[5]
Grillotiella exile[5]
Platybothrium spinulifera[5]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[5]
Pterobothrium heteracanthum[5]
Terranova brevicapitata[5]
Terranova galeocerdonis[5]
Thysanocephalum thysanocephalum[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Caligus oculicola <Unverified Name>[10]
Dicranobothrium spinulifera[11]
Otobothrium cysticum[11]
Platybothrium spinulifera[11]
Platybothrium spinuliferum <Unverified Name>[10]
Porrocaecum bengalensis <Unverified Name>[11]
Porrocaecum longispiculum <Unverified Name>[11]
Pterobothrium heteracanthum[11]
Terranova brevicapitata[11]
Terranova galeocerdonis[11]
Terranova nidifex <Unverified Name>[11]
Thysanocephalum thysanocephalum[11]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adventure Aquarium
Aquarium of the Pacific, Long Beach

Distribution

Aldabra Special Reserve; Africa-Inland Waters; Agulhas Current; American Samoa; Andaman Sea; Angola; Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Arabian Sea; Aruba; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southeast; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Australia; Bahamas; Bahrain; Bangladesh; Barbados; Bay of Bengal; Belize; Benguela Current; Bermuda; Brazil; Brunei Darussalam; California Current; Cambodia; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Cape Verde; Cargados Carajos; Caribbean Sea; Caroline Island; Cayman Islands; China; Christmas Island (Aust.); Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas. Western Atlantic: Massachusetts, USA to Uruguay, including Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean. Eastern Atlantic: Iceland to Angola. Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Hawaii and Tahiti, north to south; Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas. Western Atlantic: Massachusetts, USA to Uruguay, including Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean. Eastern Atlantic: Iceland to Angola. Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Hawaii and Tahiti, north to southern Japan, south to New Zealand. Eastern Pacific: southern California, USA to Peru, including the Revillagigedo, Cocos, and Galapagos islands. Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (Ref. 26139).; Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Cocos I. Costa Rica; Colombia; Comoros; Cook Islands; Coral Sea and GBR; Costa Rica; Cuba; Côte d'Ivoire; Djibouti; Dominica; Dominican Republic; East Brazil Shelf; East Central Australian Shelf; East China Sea; Ecuador; Egypt; El Salvador; Eritrea; Fiji Islands; French Guiana; French Polynesia; Galapagos Islands; Gambia; Ghana; Great Barrier Reef; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guam; Guatemala; Guinea; Guinea Current; Guinea-Bissau; Gulf of Aden; Gulf of Aqaba; Gulf of Mexico; Gulf of Oman; Gulf of Thailand; Guyana; Haiti; Hawaii (USA); Honduras; Hong Kong; Iceland; India; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Eastern; Indian Ocean, Western; Indonesia; Indonesian Sea; Insular Pacific-Hawaiian; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Iraq; Israel; Italy; Jamaica; Japan; Johnston Island; Jordan; Kenya; Kermadec Islands; Kiribati; Korea, Dem. People's Rep; Korea, Republic of; Kuroshio Current; Kuwait; Liberia; Lord Howe Island; Macau; Madagascar; Malaysia; Maldives; Marquesas Islands; Marshall Islands; Martinique; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Mexico; Micronesia,Fed.States of; Milne Bay; Montserrat; Morocco; Mozambique; Myanmar; Nauru; Netherlands Antilles; New Caledonia; New Zealand; New Zealand Shelf; Nicaragua; Niue; Norfolk Island; North Australian Shelf; North Brazil Shelf; North Marianas; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Ogasawara Islands; Oman; Pacific Central-American Coastal; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; Pacific, Northwest; Pacific, Southeast; Pacific, Southwest; Pacific, Western Central; Pakistan; Palau; Panama; Papua New Guinea; Peng-hu Island; Persian Gulf; Peru; Peru-Galapagos Waters; Philippines; Polynesian Waters; Puerto Rico; Qatar; Red Sea; Revillagigedo; Rodriguez; Ryukyu Islands; Réunion; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent & the Grenadines; Samoa; Saudi Arabia; Sea of Japan; Senegal; Seychelles; Sierra Leone; Singapore; Solomon Islands; Somali Coastal Current; Somalia; South Africa; South Brazil Shelf; South China Sea; Southeast Australian Shelf; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Southwest Australian Shelf; Spain; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Sulu-Celebes Sea; Suriname; Tahiti; Taiwan; Tanzania, United Rep. of; Tasman Sea; Thailand; Tokelau; Tonga; Trinidad and Tobago; Tuamoto Islands; Turks and Caicos Is.; Tuvalu; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); United Arab Emirates; Uruguay; Vanuatu; Venezuela; Viet Nam; Virgin Islands (UK); Wallis and Futuna Is.; West Central Australian Shelf; Yellow Sea; Yemen;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 4Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License 5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 6Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000) 7Food Habits of Reef Fishes of the West Indies, John E. Randall, Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. 5, 665–847 (1967) 8The biology of tiger sharks, Galeocerdo cuvier, in Shark Bay, Western Australia: sex ratio, size distribution, diet, and seasonal changes in catch rates, Michael R. Heithaus, Environmental Biology of Fishes 61: 25–36, 2001 9Queen Conch Predators: Not a Roadblock to Mariculture, Darryl E. Jory and Edwin S. Iversen, Proc. Gulf Caribb. Fish. Inst. 35:108-111. (1983) 10Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19 11Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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