Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Sciaenidae > Genyonemus > Genyonemus lineatus

Genyonemus lineatus (White croaker; Tomcod; Roncador; King-fish; Kingfish; King croaker; Croaker)

Synonyms: Leiostomus lineatus
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Wikipedia Abstract

White croaker (Genyonemus lineatus) is a species of croaker occurring in the Eastern Pacific. White croakers have been taken from Magdalena Bay, Baja California, to Vancouver Island, British Columbia, but are not abundant north of San Francisco. White croakers swim in loose schools at or near the bottom of sandy areas. Sometimes they aggregate in the surf zone or in shallow bays and lagoons. Most of the time they are found in offshore areas at depths of 3 to 30 meters (9.8 to 98.4 ft).
View Wikipedia Record: Genyonemus lineatus


Maximum Longevity [1]  15 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada

Prey / Diet

Doryteuthis opalescens (california market squid)[2]
Engraulis mordax (Californian anchoveta)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alopias vulpinus (Zorro thresher shark)1
Anoplopoma fimbria (Skil)1
Arctocephalus townsendi (Guadalupe Fur Seal)1
Brachyramphus marmoratus (Marbled Murrelet)1
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)1
Caulolatilus princeps (Bighead tilefish)1
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)1
Citharichthys sordidus (Sanddab)1
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)1
Eopsetta jordani (Petrale sole)1
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)1
Kogia breviceps (Pygmy Sperm Whale)1
Larus californicus (California Gull)1
Larus canus (Mew Gull)1
Larus glaucescens (Glaucous-winged Gull)1
Larus heermanni (Heermann's Gull)1
Lissodelphis borealis (Northern Right Whale Dolphin)1
Merluccius productus (Whiting)1
Mirounga angustirostris (Northern Elephant Seal)1
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)1
Phalacrocorax penicillatus (Brandt's Cormorant)1
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)1
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)1
Phocoenoides dalli (Dall's Porpoise)1
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)1
Puffinus creatopus (Pink-footed Shearwater)1
Puffinus griseus (Sooty Shearwater)1
Puffinus tenuirostris (Short-tailed Shearwater)1
Raja rhina (Longnose skate)1
Sebastes flavidus (Yellowtail rockfish)1
Sebastes goodei (Rockfish)1
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)1
Uria aalge (Common Murre)1
Zalophus californianus (California Sealion)1


Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon or king salmon)[3]
Phalacrocorax penicillatus (Brandt's Cormorant)[3]
Raja rhina (Longnose skate)[4]
Scorpaena guttata (finscaled scoprionfish)[3]
Sebastes miniatus (Vermilion rockfish)[3]
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)[5]
Zalophus californianus (California Sealion)[3]
Zalophus japonicus (Japanese Sealion)[3]
Zalophus wollebaeki (Galapagos Sea Lion)[3]


Parasitized by 
Genitocotyle acirrus[6]
Lacistorhynchus dollfusi[6]
Lacistorhynchus tenuis[6]
Opecoelina scorpaenae[6]
Pseudopecoelus littoralis <Unverified Name>[6]
Spirocamallanus pereirai[6]
Stephanostomum californicum[6]
Stephanostomum tristephanum[6]


California Current; Canada; Eastern Pacific: Barkley Sound in British Columbia, Canada to southern Baja California, Mexico; rare north of California, USA.; Mexico; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; USA (contiguous states);



Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Food habits of the longnose skate, Raja rhina (Jordan and Gilbert, 1880), in central California waters, Heather J. Robinson, Gregor M. Cailliet, David A. Ebert, Environ Biol Fish (2007) 80:165–179
5Habitat Partitioning by Three Species of Dolphins in Santa Monica Bay, California, Maddalena Bearzi, Coastal Environmental Quality Initiative, 07-08-2003
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access