Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Trichiuridae > Lepidopus > Lepidopus caudatus

Lepidopus caudatus (Southern frostfish; Silver scabbardfish; Silver scabbard fish; Scabbardfish; Scabbard fish; Ribbonfish; Frostfish; Cutlassfish; Buttersnoek)

Synonyms: Lepidopus argenteus; Lepidopus gouanianus; Lepidopus lex; Lepidopus peronii; Lepidopus xantusi; Scarcina argyrea; Trichiurus caudatus; Trichiurus ensiformis; Trichiurus gladius; Vandellius lusitanicus; Ziphotheca tetradens
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Wikipedia Abstract

The silver scabbardfish (also frostfish, beltfish), Lepidopus caudatus, is a cutlassfish of the family Trichiuridae found throughout the temperate seas of the world. It grows to over 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) in length.
View Wikipedia Record: Lepidopus caudatus


Migration [1]  Oceanodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  

Prey / Diet

Capros aper (cuckoofish)[2]
Cubiceps gracilis (Longfin cigarfish)[2]
Engraulis capensis (Southern African anchovy)[2]
Engraulis encrasicolus (Southern African anchovy)[2]
Euphausia hanseni[2]
Euphausia lucens[2]
Funchalia woodwardi[2]
Lampanyctodes hectoris (Lanternfish)[3]
Lepidopus caudatus (Southern frostfish)[2]
Loligo vulgaris (European Squid)[2]
Macroramphosus scolopax (Trumpetfish)[2]
Macruronus novaezelandiae (Whiptail hake)[3]
Maurolicus muelleri (Silvery lightfish)[2]
Meganyctiphanes norvegica (Norwegian krill)[4]
Myctophum punctatum (spotted laternfish)[2]
Nyctiphanes capensis[2]
Nyctiphanes couchi[4]
Pasiphaea multidentata (pink glass shrimp)[2]
Pasiphaea sivado (white glass shrimp)[4]
Sardinops sagax (Australian pilchard)[2]
Scomber japonicus (Striped mackerel)[2]
Symbolophorus barnardi (Barnard's lanternfish)[2]
Trachurus picturatus (Scad)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Brama brama (Ray's bream)1
Raja clavata (Roker)1
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)1
Thyrsites atun (snake mackerel)1


Arctocephalus forsteri (Australasian Fur Seal)[2]
Arctocephalus pusillus (Brown Fur Seal)[2]
Conger conger (Conger)[5]
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)[6]
Galeorhinus galeus (Vitamin shark)[2]
Genypterus capensis (Kingklip)[7]
Hexanchus griseus (Bluntnose six-gill shark)[8]
Lepidopus caudatus (Southern frostfish)[2]
Leucoraja wallacei (Yellowspotted skate)[2]
Macruronus novaezelandiae (Whiptail hake)[2]
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)[2]
Merluccius senegalensis (Senegalese hake)[2]
Mesoplodon densirostris (Blainville's Beaked Whale)[9]
Raja clavata (Roker)[2]
Sphyrna couardi (Whitefin hammerhead)[10]
Squalus megalops (Short-nose spurdog)[2]
Squalus mitsukurii (Spiny dogfish)[2]
Trachurus mediterraneus (Mediterranean scad)[2]
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)[2]


Parasitized by 
Anisakis pegreffii <Unverified Name>[11]
Anisakis simplex[11]
Ascaris capsularia <Unverified Name>[11]
Capillaria lepidopodis <Unverified Name>[11]
Hepatoxylon trichiuri[11]
Hysterothylacium marinum[12]
Molicola horridus[11]
Nybelinia thyrsites[11]
Podocotyle atomon[11]
Winkenthughesia australis[11]


Eastern Atlantic: France and western Mediterranean to Senegal, including Azores, Madeira, the Canary Islands and offshore seamounts; Cape Fria, Namibia to Agulhas Bank, South Africa including northern Walvis Ridge. Southern Indian Ocean: seamounts 30 to 35°S. Southwest Pacific: Australia (New South Wales to southern West Australia) and New Zealand. Southeast Pacific: Peru. A doubtful record from Cape San Lucas, Mexico.;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3Diets of fishes of the upper continental slope of eastern Tasmania: content, calorific values, dietary overlap and trophic relationships, S.J.M. Blaber and C.M. Bulman, Marine Biology 95, 345-356 (1987)
4Feeding habits and trophic levels of Mediterranean fish, Konstantinos I. Stergiou & Vasiliki S. Karpouzi, Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 11: 217–254, 2002
5DIETS OF FORKBEARD (Phycis phycis) AND CONGER EEL (Conger conger) OFF THE AZORES DURING SPRING OF 1996 AND 1997, TELMO MORATO, ENCARNACION SOLÀ, MARIA P. GRÓS & GUI MENEZES, Arquipélago. Life and Marine Sciences 17A: 51-64
7Feeding pattern of the kingklip (Genypterus capensis)and its effect on the hake (Merluccius capensis) resource off the coast of Namibia, E. Macpherson, Marine Biology 78, 105-112 (1983)
8BLUNTNOSE SIXGILL SHARK, HEXANCHUS GRISEUS (BONNATERRE, 1788), IN THE EASTERN NORTH SICILIAN WATERS, Antonio Celona, Alessandro De Maddalena, Teresa Romeo, Boll. Mus. civ. St. nat. Venezia, 56 (2005) p. 137-151
9Niche Partitioning, Distribution And Competition In North Atlantic Beaked Whales, Colin D. MacLeod, A thesis submitted to the School of Biological Sciences for a degree of Doctor of Philosophy at the University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK. January 2005
10Food composition and distribution of elasmobranches on the shelf and upper slope of the Eastern Central Atlantic., Patokina F.A., Litvinov F.F., ICES CM 2005/N:26
11Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
12Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
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