Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Carangidae > Lichia > Lichia amia

Lichia amia (leer fish; Pampano; Leerfish; Garrick)

Synonyms: Caesiomorus amia; Campogramma vadigo; Caranx amia; Centronotus vadigo; Hypacantus amia; Hypachantus amia; Porthmeus argenteus; Scomber amia; Scomber flexuosus
Language: Afrikaans; Albanian; Arabic; Arabic, Hassaniya; Bulgarian; Catalan; Creole, Portuguese; Croatian; Danish; Fon GBE; French; German; Greek; Hebrew; Italian; Maltese; Mandarin Chinese; Polish; Portuguese; Russian; Serbian; Slovenian; Spanish; Turkish; Unknown; Vili; Wolof

Wikipedia Abstract

The Leerfish, also Garrick (Lichia amia) is a species of marine fish in the Carangidae family, and is native to the Mediterranean and the coastal waters of western Africa to the coastal waters of eastern South Africa. Also recorded in the Black Sea These fish can reach 1.5 m in length and 18.8 kg in weight. They inhabit the coastal wave zone where they form small shoals to hunt other smaller fish, favouring Pomatomus saltatrix.
View Wikipedia Record: Lichia amia


Migration [1]  Oceano-estuarine

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve II 256073 Western Cape, South Africa  

Prey / Diet

Argyrosomus hololepidotus (Southern meagre)[2]
Atherina breviceps (Cape silverside)[3]
Chelon dumerili (Mullet)[2]
Chelon richardsonii (Mullet)[3]
Diplodus sargus (White seabream)[2]
Gilchristella aestuaria (Gilchrist's round herring)[2]
Hyporhamphus capensis (Cape halfbeak)[2]
Lichia amia (leer fish)[3]
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)[2]
Monodactylus falciformis (Cape moonfish)[3]
Mugil cephalus (gray mullet)[2]
Palaemon pacificus (Pacific grass shrimp)[3]
Pegusa nasuta (Snouted sole)[3]
Pomadasys commersonnii (Smallspotted grunt)[2]
Pomadasys olivaceus (Pinky)[2]
Psammogobius knysnaensis (Knysna sandgoby)[3]
Rhabdosargus holubi (Cape stumpnose)[3]
Rhopalophthalmus terranatalis[2]
Sarpa salpa (Strepie)[3]
Spondyliosoma emarginatum (Steentjie seabream)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Argyrosomus hololepidotus (Southern meagre)1
Clinus superciliosus (Super klipfish)1
Galeichthys feliceps (White baggar)2
Lithognathus lithognathus (Whitefish)1
Monodactylus falciformis (Cape moonfish)1
Phalacrocorax capensis (Cape cormorant)1


Lichia amia (leer fish)[3]


Parasitized by 
Acanthogyrus tilapiae[2]
Microcotyle lichiae[4]
Parahemiurus merus[4]
Plerurus digitatus[4]
Sclerodistomum italicum[4]
Vallisia striata[4]


Aegean Sea; Africa-Inland Waters; Agulhas Current; Albania; Algeria; Angola; Arabian Sea; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Southeast; Benguela Current; Benin; Black Sea; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Cameroon; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Cape Verde; China; Congo, Dem. Rep. of the; Congo, Republic of; Croatia; Cyprus; Côte d'Ivoire; Eastern Atlantic: southern Bay of Biscay to South Africa, including the Mediterranean. Western Indian Ocean: South Africa to Delagoa Bay, Lourenço Marques.; Egypt; Equatorial Guinea; France; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Greece; Guinea; Guinea Current; Guinea-Bissau; Iberian Coastal; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Western; Israel; Italy; Kunene River; Lebanon; Liberia; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Madeira Islands; Malta; Mauritania; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Monaco; Morocco; Mozambique; Namibia; Nigeria; Orange; Persian Gulf; Portugal; Sao Tomé and Principe; Sea of Marmara; Senegal; Serbia and Montenegro; Sierra Leone; Slovenia; South Africa; Spain; Syrian Arab Republic; Togo; Tunisia; Turkey; Ébrié Lagoon;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3The Fish Community of the Swartvlei Estuary and the Influence of Food Availability on Resource Utilization, ALAN K. WHITFIELD, Estuaries Vol. 11, No. 3, p. 160-170 September 1988
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access