Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Sciaenidae > Micropogonias > Micropogonias undulatus
 

Micropogonias undulatus (Atlantic croacker; Roncadina; Hardhead; Crocus; Croaker; Atlantic croaker)

Synonyms: Bodianus costatus; Micropogon lineatus; Micropogon undulatus; Perca undulata; Sciaena croker
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Wikipedia Abstract

The Atlantic croaker (Micropogonias undulatus) is a species of marine ray-finned fish belonging to the family Sciaenidae and is closely related to the black drum (Pogonias cromis), the silver perch (Bairdiella chrysoura), the spot croaker (Leiostomus xanthurus), the red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus), the spotted seatrout (Cynoscion nebulosus), and the weakfish (Cynoscion regalis). This fish is commonly found in sounds and estuaries from Massachusetts to the Gulf of Mexico.
View Wikipedia Record: Micropogonias undulatus

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  3.13 lbs (1.42 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Maximum Longevity [2]  5 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States

Prey / Diet

Acartia tonsa[3]
Acetes americanus (aviu shrimp)[3]
Alitta succinea (pile worm)[3]
Alpheus floridanus (sand snapping shrimp)[3]
Americamysis almyra[3]
Anchoa mitchilli (Bay anchovy)[4]
Arenicola cristata (Lugworm)[3]
Argissa hamatipes[3]
Armandia agilis[3]
Armandia maculata[3]
Bigelowina biminiensis[3]
Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[3]
Bowmaniella brasiliensis[3]
Bowmaniella portoricensis[3]
Brevoortia patronus (Bunker)[3]
Callinectes sapidus (blue crab)[3]
Chanos chanos (Bandang)[3]
Chrysaora quinquecirrha (sea nettle)[3]
Coullana canadensis[3]
Crassostrea virginica (American cupped oyster)[3]
Cyprinodon variegatus (sheepshead minnow)[3]
Diopatra cuprea (tube worm)[4]
Dispio uncinata[3]
Dyspanopeus texanus (Gulf grassflat crab)[3]
Euceramus praelongus (olivepit porcelain crab)[3]
Eudevenopus honduranus[3]
Eurytemora hirundoides[3]
Euterpina acutifrons[3]
Farfantepenaeus aztecus (brown shrimp)[3]
Faughnia haani (Mantis shrimp)[4]
Fenestraria rhopalophylla (babies toes)[3]
Gambusia affinis (Live-bearing tooth-carp)[3]
Gammarus mucronatus[3]
Glycera americana[4]
Glycinde solitaria[3]
Gobiosoma bosc (Naked goby)[3]
Goniada littorea[3]
Goniada maculata[3]
Grandidierella bonnieroides[3]
Labidocera aestiva[3]
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)[3]
Lepidophthalmus jamaicense (estuarine ghost shrimp)[3]
Leptochelia rapax[3]
Litopenaeus setiferus (white shrimp)[3]
Lucifer faxoni (Lucifer shrimp)[3]
Lumbrineris coccinea[3]
Lumbrineris januarii[3]
Mediomastus californiensis[3]
Menippe adina (Gulf stone crab)[3]
Metharpinia floridana[3]
Micropogonias undulatus (Atlantic croacker)[3]
Mya arenaria (Clam)[3]
Mysidopsis furca[3]
Mytilopsis leucophaeata (Brackish water mussel)[3]
Ovalipes ocellatus (ocellate lady crab)[4]
Palaemonetes pugio (daggerblade grass shrimp)[3]
Paracalanus crassirostris[3]
Parapenaeus politus (rose shrimp)[3]
Paraprionospio pinnata[3]
Pareucalanus attenuatus[3]
Poecilochaetus johnsoni[3]
Probythinella protera[3]
Processa hemphilli[3]
Pseudodiaptomus coronatus[3]
Rhithropanopeus harrisii (estuarine mud crab)[3]
Scoletoma fragilis[4]
Serranus atrobranchus (Blackear bass)[3]
Spiophanes bombyx (Bee spionid)[3]
Squilla empusa[3]
Temora stylifera[3]
Temora turbinata[3]
Texadina sphinctostoma (narrowmouth hydrobe)[3]
Tiron tropakis[3]
Trinectes maculatus (Hogchoker)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)1
Calamus leucosteus (Whitebone porgy)1
Carcharhinus obscurus (Whaler shark)2
Carcharhinus plumbeus (Thickskin shark)3
Caretta caretta (Loggerhead)2
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)1
Coelorinchus caelorhincus (Saddled grenadier)1
Dasyatis americana (Kit)1
Dasyatis centroura (clam cracker)1
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Witch flounder)1
Lepidochelys kempii (Atlantic Ridley, Kemp’s Ridley Seaturtle)2
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)3
Leucoraja ocellata (Winter skate)1
Menticirrhus americanus (Woundhead)1
Menticirrhus saxatilis (Northern kingfish)2
Orthopristis chrysoptera (Sailor's choice)1
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)3
Prionotus evolans (Striped searobin)1
Pseudopleuronectes americanus (rough flounder)2
Rachycentron canadum (Sergent fish)1
Raja eglanteria (Clearnose skate)1
Rhizoprionodon terraenovae (Atlantic sharp-nosed shark)2
Sciaenops ocellatus (Spotted bass)4

Predators

Anchoa mitchilli (Bay anchovy)[3]
Archosargus probatocephalus (Southern sheeps head)[3]
Ariopsis felis (Sea catfish)[3]
Bagre marinus (Slooprig)[3]
Brevoortia tyrannus (Shad)[3]
Carcharhinus plumbeus (Thickskin shark)[5]
Caretta caretta (Loggerhead)[6]
Crassostrea virginica (American cupped oyster)[3]
Cynoscion nebulosus (Spotted weakfish)[3]
Cynoscion regalis (Weakfish)[3]
Elops saurus (Ladyfish)[3]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[3]
Ictalurus furcatus (blue catfish)[3]
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)[3]
Micropogonias undulatus (Atlantic croacker)[3]
Morone americana (Wreckfish)[3]
Morone mississippiensis (Barfish)[3]
Morone saxatilis (Striper bass)[3]
Pandion haliaetus (Osprey)[3]
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)[7]
Paralichthys lethostigma (Southern flounder)[3]
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)[3]
Rachycentron canadum (Sergent fish)[3]
Sciaenops ocellatus (Spotted bass)[3]
Scomberomorus cavalla (Spanish mackerel)[3]
Squatina dumeril (Atlantic angelshark)[8]
Synodus foetens (Soapfish)[9]
Trinectes maculatus (Hogchoker)[3]
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Absonifibula bychowsky <Unverified Name>[10]
Acolpenteron ureteroecetes[3]
Apocreadium manteri <Unverified Name>[10]
Aponurus pyriformis[10]
Azygia longa[3]
Bucephaloides caecorum <Unverified Name>[10]
Caballerorhynchus lamothei[10]
Clinostomum marginatum[3]
Corynosoma australe[10]
Crepidostomum cornutum[3]
Cymothoa excisa[3]
Diplomonorchis leiostomi[10]
Dollfusentis chandleri[10]
Heteronybelinia estigmena[10]
Homalometron manteri[10]
Hysterothylacium fortalezae <Unverified Name>[10]
Hysterothylacium reliquens <Unverified Name>[10]
Lecithaster confusus[10]
Lecithochirium microstomum[10]
Lepocreadium areolatum[10]
Lepocreadium setiferoides[10]
Leptocleidus megalonchus[3]
Leptorhynchoides thecatus[3]
Leuceruthrus micropteri[3]
Lobatostoma ringens[10]
Macrovalvitrematoides micropogoni[10]
Neobenedenia melleni[10]
Neoechinorhynchus cylindratus[3]
Neoechinorhynchus tenellus[3]
Neopterinotrematoides avaginata <Unverified Name>[10]
Opecoeloides fimbriatus[10]
Opecoeloides vitellosus[10]
Otobothrium cysticum[10]
Poecilancistrium caryophyllum[10]
Prosorhynchoides caecorum[3]
Proteocephalus macrocephalus[3]
Pterinotrematoides mexicanum[3]
Pterobothrium filicolle <Unverified Name>[10]
Pterobothrium heteracanthum[10]
Pterobothrium lintoni[10]
Scolex polymorphus <Unverified Name>[10]
Serrasentis sagittifer[10]
Spirocamallanus cricotus <Unverified Name>[10]
Stephanostomum tenue[10]
Syncleithrium fusiformis[3]
Tetrarhynchus fragilis <Unverified Name>[10]
Thometrema lotzi[10]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Audubon Zoo
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Florida Aquarium
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr

Distribution

Argentina; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Belgium; Cayman Islands; China; Cuba; Dominican Republic; French Guiana; Gulf of Mexico; Haiti; Jamaica; Laguna de Términos; Mexico; Netherlands; Nicaragua; North Brazil Shelf; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Puerto Rico; Suriname; Turks and Caicos Is.; USA (contiguous states); Western Atlantic: Massachusetts, USA (excluding Florida) and northern Gulf of Mexico to northern Mexico. Possibly from southern Brazil to Argentina. Uncertain in southern Gulf of Mexico, Lesser Antilles and southern Caribbean (Ref. 26938).;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 4Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000) 5DIET OF THE SANDBAR SHARK, CARCHARHINUS PLUMBEUS, IN CHESAPEAKE BAY AND ADJACENT WATERS, Julia K. Ellis, Masters Thesis, The College of William and Mary, 2003 6HISTORICAL DIET ANALYSIS OF LOGGERHEAD (CARETTA CARETTA) AND KEMP’S RIDLEY (LEPIDOCHELYS KEMPI) SEA TURTLES IN VIRGINIA, Erin E. Seney, A Thesis Presented to The Faculty of the School of Marine Science The College of William and Mary in Virginia (2003) 7Latour, Robert J., et al. "The trophic dynamics of summer flounder (Paralichthys dentatus) in Chesapeake Bay." Fishery Bulletin 106.1 (2008): 47+. Academic OneFile. Web. 23 July 2010 8Seasonal and size-related differences in diet of the Atlantic angel shark Squatina dumeril in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico, Ivy E. Baremore, Debra J. Murie, John K. Carlson, Aquat Biol 8: 125–136, 2010 9ECOLOGY OF INSHORE LIZARDFISH, Synodus foetens, IN THE NORTHERN GULF OF MEXICO, Sarah Ann Branson Jeffers, Master of Science thesis, University of West Florida, 2007 10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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