Animalia > Chordata > Elasmobranchii > Carcharhiniformes > Carcharhinidae > Negaprion > Negaprion brevirostris

Negaprion brevirostris (Requiem shark; Lemon shark)

Synonyms: Hypoprion brevirostris
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Wikipedia Abstract

The lemon shark (Negaprion brevirostris) is a stocky and powerful shark. A member of the family Carcharhinidae, lemon sharks can grow to 3.4 metres (11 ft) in length. They are often found in shallow subtropical waters and are known to inhabit and return to specific nursery sites for breeding. Often feeding at night, these sharks use electroreceptors to find their main source of prey, fish. Lemon sharks enjoy the many benefits of group living such as enhanced communication, courtship, predatory behavior, and protection. This species of shark gives birth to live young, and the females are polyandrous and have a biennial reproductive cycle. Lemon sharks are not thought to be a large threat to humans.
View Wikipedia Record: Negaprion brevirostris


Adult Weight [1]  222.75 lbs (101.04 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  12 years 8 months
Litter Size [1]  7
Maximum Longevity [1]  20 years
Migration [2]  Oceanodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aldabra Special Reserve 86487 Seychelles    
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      

Prey / Diet

Ariopsis felis (Sea catfish)[3]
Bagre marinus (Slooprig)[3]
Chilomycterus schoepfii (burrfish)[3]
Mugil cephalus (gray mullet)[3]
Mugil curema (White mullet)[3]
Negaprion brevirostris (Requiem shark)[3]
Opsanus phobetron (Scarecrow Toadfish)[4]
Pseudobatos lentiginosus (Atlantic guitarfish)[3]
Ptereleotris helenae (Hovering goby)[3]


Negaprion brevirostris (Requiem shark)[3]


Parasitized by 
Acanthobothrium harpago <Unverified Name>[5]
Cadenia polytestis <Unverified Name>[5]
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis[5]
Dasyrhynchus giganteus[5]
Dasyrhynchus varioucinatus[3]
Dasyrhynchus variouncinatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Dermophthirius carcharihini <Unverified Name>[5]
Dermophthirius nigrelli[5]
Floriceps caballeroi <Unverified Name>[5]
Floriceps saccatus[5]
Heteronchocotyle hypoprioni[5]
Neodermophthirius harkemai[5]
Platybothrium harpago[5]
Platybothrium hypoprioni[5]
Poecilancistrium caryophyllum[5]
Poecilancistrum robustum <Unverified Name>[5]
Pseudogrillotia perelica[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Dierenpark Emmen
Natural Science Center of Greensboro
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium
South Carolina Aquarium


Aldabra Special Reserve; Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Aruba; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Bermuda; Brazil; Canary Current; Cape Verde; Caribbean Sea; Cayman Islands; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Côte d'Ivoire; Dominica; Dominican Republic; East Brazil Shelf; Ecuador; El Salvador; French Guiana; Gambia; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guatemala; Guinea Current; Gulf of Mexico; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Jamaica; Martinique; Mexico; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles; Nicaragua; North Brazil Shelf; Pacific Central-American Coastal; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Southeast; Pacific, Western Central; Panama; Peru; Peru-Galapagos Waters; Puerto Rico; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent & the Grenadines; Senegal; South Brazil Shelf; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; Turks and Caicos Is.; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Vanuatu; Venezuela; Virgin Islands (UK); Western Atlantic: New Jersey, USA to southern Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico, the Bahamas, and the Caribbean; also in Gulf of Mexico (Ref. 26938). Northeast Atlantic: Senegal, Côte d'Ivoire and probably wide-ranging off West Africa, but this requ; Western Atlantic: New Jersey, USA to southern Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico, the Bahamas, and the Caribbean; also in Gulf of Mexico (Ref. 26938). Northeast Atlantic: Senegal, Côte d'Ivoire and probably wide-ranging off West Africa, but this requires confirmation. Eastern Pacific: southern Baja California, Mexico and the Gulf of California to Ecuador.;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4The scarecrow toadfish: habitat, abundance and size at maturity at Bimini, Bahamas, S. P. NEWMAN, S. H. GRUBER AND R. D. HANDY, Journal of Fish Biology (2004) 64, 248–252
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access