Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Stromateidae > Peprilus > Peprilus triacanthus

Peprilus triacanthus (Sheephead; Pumpkin scad; Dollar fish; Butterfish; Atlantic butterfish; American butterfish)

Synonyms: Poronotus triacanthus; Rhombus cryptosus; Rhombus triacanthus; Stromateus cryptosus; Stromateus triacanthus
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Wikipedia Abstract

The American butterfish (also known as the Atlantic butterfish), Peprilus triacanthus, is a butterfish of the family Stromateidae.
View Wikipedia Record: Peprilus triacanthus


Migration [1]  Oceanodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada

Prey / Diet

Meganyctiphanes norvegica (Norwegian krill)[2]
Parasagitta elegans (elegant arrow worm)[2]
Tomopteris helgolandica (Plankton worm)[2]


Acanthocybium solandri (Wahoo fish)[2]
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[2]
Astarte arctica (Arctic astarte)[2]
Carcharhinus altimus (Knopp's shark)[2]
Carcharhinus signatus (Shark)[3]
Carcharias taurus (Spotted sand tiger shark)[3]
Cynoscion regalis (Weakfish)[3]
Homo sapiens (man)[2]
Isurus oxyrinchus (Short-finned mako)[3]
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)[4]
Leucoraja ocellata (Winter skate)[2]
Lophius americanus (Monkfish)[5]
Lutjanus campechanus (Red snapper)[2]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[2]
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)[2]
Morone saxatilis (Striper bass)[2]
Mustelus canis (Dogfish)[2]
Pandion haliaetus (Osprey)[2]
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)[2]
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)[3]
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)[3]
Raja eglanteria (Clearnose skate)[3]
Scomberomorus cavalla (Spanish mackerel)[2]
Scomberomorus maculatus (Spanish mackerel)[2]
Sphyrna zygaena (Smooth hammerhead shark)[3]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[2]
Squatina dumeril (Atlantic angelshark)[3]
Stenotomus chrysops (Scup)[3]
Thunnus albacares (Yellowfin-tuna)[2]
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)[6]
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)[2]
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)[2]
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)[2]
Venustaconcha ellipsiformis (ellipse)[2]
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)[3]


Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[7]
Grillotia erinaceus[7]
Lepidapedon elongatum[7]
Microcotyle poronoti[7]
Opechona pyriforme <Unverified Name>[7]
Otobothrium cysticum[7]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[7]
Pterobothrium heteracanthum[7]


Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Canada; Cuba; Gulf of Mexico; Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Scotian Shelf; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; USA (contiguous states); Western Atlantic: eastern Newfoundland and Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada to Palm Beach, eastern Florida, USA. Also in the Gulf of Mexico (Ref. 2702). Absent in Bermuda or Caribbean (Ref. 26938).;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000)
4 Steimle FW, Pikanowski RA, McMillan DG, Zetlin CA, Wilk SJ. 2000. Demersal Fish and American Lobster Diets in the Lower Hudson - Raritan Estuary. US Dep Commer, NOAA Tech Memo NMFS NE 161; 106 p.
5Food and Ontogenetic Shifts in Feeding of the Goosefish, Lophius Americanus, Michael P. Armstrong, John A. Musick, and James A. Colvocoresses, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 18: 99–103
6Differences in diet of Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) at five seasonal feeding grounds on the New England continental shelf, Bradford C. Chase, Fishery Bulletin 100 no2 168-80 Ap 2002
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access