Animalia > Chordata > Elasmobranchii > Carcharhiniformes > Carcharhinidae > Prionace > Prionace glauca
 

Prionace glauca (Tribon blou; Shark; Great blue whaler; Great blue shark; Great blue; Blue whaler shark; Blue whaler; Blue shark; Blue poninter; Blue dog)

Synonyms: Carcharhinus macki; Carcharias glaucus; Carcharias gracilis; Carcharias hirundinaceus; Carcharias pugae; Carcharias rondeletii; Carcharinus glaucus; Glyphis glaucus; Hypoprion isodus; Isurus glaucus; Prionace mackiei; Prionacea glauca; Squalus glaucus; Thalassinus rondeletti; Thalassinus rondelettii
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Wikipedia Abstract

The blue shark (Prionace glauca) is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, that inhabits deep waters in the world's temperate and tropical oceans. Preferring cooler waters, blue sharks migrate long distances, for example from New England to South America. Although generally lethargic, they can move very quickly. Blue sharks are viviparous and are noted for large litters of 25 to over 100 pups. They feed primarily on small fish and squid, although they can take larger prey.
View Wikipedia Record: Prionace glauca

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  249.66 lbs (113.25 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  6 years
Litter Size [2]  30
Maximum Longevity [2]  20 years
Speed [3]  15.66 MPH (7 m/s)
Water Biome [1]  Benthic, Reef, Coastal

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Arcipelago delle Egadi - area marina e terrestre 119270 Italy    
Arcipelago delle Eolie - area marina e terrestre 98800 Italy    
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary   California, United States
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
North Bull Island Nature Reserve IV 3544 Ireland  
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada

Prey / Diet

Architeuthis dux (giant squid)[4]
Architeuthis martensi <Unverified Name>[4]
Architeuthis physeteris[4]
Architeuthis stockii[4]
Brama brama (Ray's bream)[5]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[6]
Cyclopterus lumpus (Lumpsucker)[6]
Doryteuthis opalescens (california market squid)[4]
Dosidicus gigas (jumbo squid)[7]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[6]
Gonatus steenstrupi (Atlantic armhook squid)[4]
Histioteuthis bonnellii (umbrella squid)[4]
Histioteuthis hoylei[4]
Histioteuthis reversa (Reverse Jewell Squid)[4]
Illex argentinus (Argentine Shortfin Squid)[8]
Illex illecebrosus (northern shortfin squid)[9]
Limanda ferruginea (rusty flounder)[9]
Lophius americanus (Monkfish)[6]
Nototodarus gouldi (Gould's squid)[5]
Onychoteuthis banksii (common clubhook squid)[4]
Peprilus triacanthus (Sheephead)[9]
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)[9]
Sardinops sagax (Australian pilchard)[5]
Scomber australasicus (Spotted mackerel)[5]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[9]
Teuthowenia megalops (Atlantic cranch squid)[4]
Thyrsites atun (snake mackerel)[5]
Thysanoteuthis rhombus (diamond squid)[4]
Todarodes sagittatus (European flying squid)[4]
Trachurus declivis (Scaly mackerel)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alepisaurus ferox (Wolffish)5
Alopias vulpinus (Zorro thresher shark)4
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)2
Arctocephalus philippii (Juan Fernández Fur Seal)2
Arctocephalus townsendi (Guadalupe Fur Seal)4
Arripis trutta (Salmon trout)2
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)3
Brachyramphus marmoratus (Marbled Murrelet)2
Carcharhinus signatus (Shark)2
Centroscymnus coelolepis (Portuguese shark)4
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)2
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)8
Deania calcea (Thompsons shark)4
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)2
Etmopterus spinax (Black centrina)2
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)2
Gadus morhua (rock cod)2
Galeocerdo cuvier (Tiger-shark)2
Globicephala melas (Long-finned Pilot Whale)8
Grampus griseus (Risso's Dolphin)4
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)2
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)3
Hyperoodon ampullatus (Northern Bottlenose Whale)3
Istiophorus platypterus (Atlantic sailfish)2
Isurus oxyrinchus (Short-finned mako)10
Kajikia audax (Stripey)5
Katsuwonus pelamis (White bonito)2
Kogia breviceps (Pygmy Sperm Whale)3
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Pacific White-sided Dolphin)2
Lagenorhynchus obscurus (Dusky Dolphin)3
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)5
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)2
Makaira mazara (black spearfish)2
Makaira nigricans (Ocean guard)2
Mirounga angustirostris (Northern Elephant Seal)2
Morus bassanus (Northern Gannet)2
Notorynchus cepedianus (Tiger shark)2
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)4
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)4
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)11
Polyprion americanus (Wreck-fish)2
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)2
Pseudorca crassidens (False Killer Whale)2
Puffinus griseus (Sooty Shearwater)3
Somniosus pacificus (Pacific Sleeper Shark)4
Sphyrna zygaena (Smooth hammerhead shark)7
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)3
Squatina dumeril (Atlantic angelshark)2
Stenella attenuata (Pantropical Spotted Dolphin)7
Stenella coeruleoalba (Striped Dolphin)2
Thalassarche chlororhynchos (Yellow-nosed Albatross)4
Thunnus alalunga (longfinned albacore)6
Thunnus albacares (Yellowfin-tuna)6
Thunnus maccoyii (Tunny)5
Thunnus obesus (Tuna)3
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)6
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)2
Uria aalge (Common Murre)3
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)15
Ziphius cavirostris (Cuvier's Beaked Whale)4

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthobothrium coronatum[10]
Anisakis pegreffii <Unverified Name>[10]
Anisakis simplex[10]
Anthobothrium laciniatum[10]
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis[10]
Clujia racovitzai <Unverified Name>[10]
Crossobothrium angustum[10]
Dasyrhynchus talismani[10]
Floriceps saccatus[10]
Gymnorhynchus isuri[10]
Hepatoxylon trichiuri[10]
Hysterothylacium hospitum <Unverified Name>[10]
Molicola horridus[10]
Nybelinia pintneri <Unverified Name>[10]
Nybelinia schmidti[10]
Paraorygmatobothrium prionacis[10]
Paronatrema vaginicola <Unverified Name>[10]
Pelichnibothrium speciosum[10]
Pintneriella gymnorhynchoides[10]
Platybothrium auriculatum[10]
Prosobothrium armigerum[10]
Rhopalothylax gymnorhynchoides <Unverified Name>[10]
Tentacularia coryphaenae[10]

Distribution

Aegean Sea; Agulhas Current; Alaska (USA); Albania; Algeria; American Samoa; Andaman Sea; Angola; Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Arabian Sea; Argentina; Aruba; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southeast; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Australia; Bahamas; Baltic Sea; Bangladesh; Barbados; Bay of Bengal; Belize; Benguela Current; Benin; Bermuda; Black Sea; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Brazil; Brunei Darussalam; California Current; Cambodia; Cameroon; Canada; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Cape Verde; Caribbean Sea; Caroline Island; Cayman Islands; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Chagos Islands; Chile; China; Circumglobal in temperate and tropical waters. Western Atlantic: Newfoundland, Canada to Argentina. Central Atlantic. Eastern Atlantic: Norway to South Africa, including the Mediterranean. Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to Indonesia, Japan, Austral; Circumglobal in temperate and tropical waters. Western Atlantic: Newfoundland, Canada to Argentina. Central Atlantic. Eastern Atlantic: Norway to South Africa, including the Mediterranean. Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to Indonesia, Japan, Australia, New Caledonia, and New Zealand. Eastern Pacific: Gulf of Alaska to Chile. Probably the widest ranging chondrichthyian. Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (Ref. 26139).; Cobb Seamount; Cocos I. Costa Rica; Colombia; Comoros; Congo, Dem. Rep. of the; Congo, Republic of; Cook Islands; Coral Sea and GBR; Costa Rica; Croatia; Cuba; Cyprus; Côte d'Ivoire; Denmark; Dominica; Dominican Republic; East Brazil Shelf; East Central Australian Shelf; East China Sea; Ecuador; Egypt; El Salvador; Equatorial Guinea; Fiji Islands; France; French Guiana; French Polynesia; Gabon; Galapagos Islands; Gambia; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Ghana; Great Barrier Reef; Greece; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guam; Guatemala; Guinea; Guinea Current; Guinea-Bissau; Gulf of Aden; Gulf of Alaska; Gulf of Mexico; Gulf of Oman; Gulf of Thailand; Guyana; Haiti; Hawaii (USA); Honduras; Hong Kong; Humboldt Current; Iberian Coastal; India; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Eastern; Indian Ocean, Western; Indonesia; Indonesian Sea; Insular Pacific-Hawaiian; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Ireland; Isle of Man; Israel; Italy; Jamaica; Japan; Johnston Island; Kamchatka; Kenya; Kiribati; Korea, Republic of; Kuroshio Current; Lebanon; Liberia; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Macau; Madagascar; Madeira Islands; Malaysia; Maldives; Malta; Marquesas Islands; Marshall Islands; Martinique; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Mexico; Micronesia,Fed.States of; Monaco; Montserrat; Morocco; Mozambique; Myanmar; Namibia; Nauru; Netherlands Antilles; New Caledonia; New Zealand; New Zealand Shelf; Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf; Nicaragua; Nigeria; Niue; North Australian Shelf; North Brazil Shelf; North Marianas; North Sea; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Ogasawara Islands; Oman; Pacific Central-American Coastal; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; Pacific, Northwest; Pacific, Southeast; Pacific, Southwest; Pacific, Western Central; Pakistan; Palau; Panama; Papua New Guinea; Patagonian Shelf; Persian Gulf; Peru; Peru-Galapagos Waters; Philippines; Pitcairn; Polynesian Waters; Portugal; Puerto Rico; Revillagigedo; Rodriguez; Ryukyu Islands; Réunion; Saint Helena; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent & the Grenadines; Samar Sea; Samoa; Sao Tomé and Principe; Scotian Shelf; Sea of Japan; Sea of Marmara; Senegal; Serbia and Montenegro; Seychelles; Sierra Leone; Singapore; Slovenia; Solomon Islands; Somali Coastal Current; Somalia; South Africa; South Brazil Shelf; South China Sea; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Southwest Australian Shelf; Southwest Chilean Waters; Spain; Sri Lanka; Sulu-Celebes Sea; Suriname; Sweden; Syrian Arab Republic; Tahiti; Taiwan; Tanzania, United Rep. of; Tasman Sea; Thailand; Togo; Tokelau; Tonga; Trinidad and Tobago; Tuamoto Islands; Tunisia; Turkey; Turks and Caicos Is.; Tuvalu; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); United Kingdom; Uruguay; Vanuatu; Venezuela; Viet Nam; Virgin Islands (UK); Wake Island; Wallis and Futuna Is.; West Central Australian Shelf; Western Sahara; Yellow Sea; Yemen;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Group expert : Compagno, L., 2012-10-02, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3DIRECT MEASUREMENT OF SWIMMING SPEEDS AND DEPTH OF BLUE MARLIN, BARBARA A. BLOCK, DAVID BOOTH AND FRANCIS G. CAREY, J. exp. Biol. 166, 267-284 (1992) 4CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 5Feeding ecology and niche segregation in oceanic top predators off eastern Australia, Jock W. Young, Matt J. Lansdell, Robert A. Campbell, Scott P. Cooper, Francis Juanes, Michaela A. Guest, Mar Biol (2010) 157:2347–2368 6A Quantitative Assessment of the Diet of the Blue Shark (Prionace glauca) off Nova Scotia, Canada, Meaghen E. McCord and Steven E. Campana, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 32: 57-63 7PREDATORY INTERACTIONS AND NICHE OVERLAP BETWEEN MAKO SHARK, ISURUS OXYRINCHUS, AND JUMBO SQUID, DOSIDICUS GIGAS, IN THE CALIFORNIA CURRENT, RUSS VETTER, SUZANNE KOHIN, ANTONELLA PRETI, SAM MCCLATCHIE AND HEIDI DEWAR, CalCOFI Rep., Vol. 49, 2008 8Santos RA, Haimovici M. 2000. The Argentine short-finned squid Illex argentinus in the food webs of southern Brazil. Sarsia 85:49-60 9Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000) 10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
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