Animalia > Chordata > Elasmobranchii > Carcharhiniformes > Scyliorhinidae > Scyliorhinus > Scyliorhinus canicula
 

Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark; Smallspotted catshark; Small-spotted cat shark; Small spotted dog; Sandy dogfish; Rough hound; Rough dog; Lesser spotted dogfish; Fay dog; Dogfish; Small-spotted dogfish)

Synonyms: Catulus duhamelii; Sciliorhinus caniculus; Scyliorhinus canicula albomaculata; Scyliorhinus caniculus; Scyliorhinus cannicula; Squalus canicula; Squalus catulus; Squalus elegans
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Wikipedia Abstract

The small-spotted catshark, also known as the lesser-spotted dogfish, Rough-hound, or Morgay (Scotland and Cornwall) Scyliorhinus canicula, is a catshark of the family Scyliorhinidae. It is found on the continental shelves and the uppermost slopes off the coasts of Norway and the British Isles south to Senegal, including the Mediterranean between latitudes 63° N and 12° N. It can grow up to a length of 1 m (3 ft 3 in), and it can weigh more than 2 kg (4.4 lb).
View Wikipedia Record: Scyliorhinus canicula

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.60 lbs (726 g)
Female Maturity [1]  7 years 7 months
Male Maturity [1]  4 years 6 months
Litter Size [1]  46
Maximum Longevity [1]  12 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ascrib, Isay and Dunvegan 6388 Scotland, United Kingdom
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Fal and Helford 15785 England, United Kingdom    
Firth of Lorn 51830 Scotland, United Kingdom
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Isle of Portland to Studland Cliffs 3577 England, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Limestone Coast of South West Wales/ Arfordir Calchfaen de Orllewin Cymru 3940 Wales, United Kingdom  
Lochs Duich, Long and Alsh Reefs 5883 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Luce Bay and Sands 120487 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lundy 7573 England, United Kingdom  
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Margate and Long Sands 160406 England, United Kingdom
Mousa 1311 Scotland, United Kingdom
North Rona 1553 Scotland, United Kingdom    
Papa Stour 5132 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Plymouth Sound and Estuaries 15820 England, United Kingdom
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
St David`s / Ty Ddewi 2312 Wales, United Kingdom  
St Kilda 62932 Scotland, United Kingdom    
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
Sullom Voe 6668 Scotland, United Kingdom
Sunart 25320 Scotland, United Kingdom
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  

Prey / Diet

Agonus cataphractus (Pogge)[2]
Alloteuthis media (little squid)[2]
Alpheus glaber (red snapping shrimp)[2]
Ammodytes dubius (offshore sand lance)[2]
Ampelisca brevicornis[2]
Aphrodita aculeata (Sea mouse)[2]
Arenicola marina (arénicole)[2]
Argentina sphyraena (Lesser silver smelt)[2]
Arnoglossus laterna (Scald-fish)[2]
Buccinum humphreysianum (Whelk)[3]
Buccinum undatum (common whelk)[2]
Buglossidium luteum (Yellow sole)[2]
Callianassa subterranea (mud shrimp)[2]
Callionymus lyra (european dragonet)[2]
Calocaris macandreae[2]
Cancer pagurus (Rock crab)[2]
Capros aper (cuckoofish)[2]
Cepola macrophthalma (Red bandfish)[2]
Cerastoderma edule (Common cockle)[2]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[2]
Corystes cassivelaunus (masked crab)[2]
Cottus gobio (Bullhead)[2]
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)[2]
Echiichthys vipera (Lesser weever)[2]
Echiurus echiurus (Echiurud worm)[2]
Eledone cirrhosa (Curled octopus)[2]
Engraulis encrasicolus (Southern African anchovy)[2]
Fenestraria rhopalophylla (babies toes)[2]
Gadiculus argenteus (Silvery pout)[4]
Goneplax rhomboides (angular crab)[5]
Harmothoe impar[2]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[2]
Inachus leptochirus[2]
Jaxea nocturna[2]
Lesueurigobius friesii (fries' goby)[2]
Limanda limanda (Sand dab)[2]
Liocarcinus holsatus (flying crab)[2]
Lophius piscatorius (Monkfish)[2]
Lumpenus lampretaeformis (serpent blenny)[2]
Macropodia rostrata (common spider crab)[2]
Meganyctiphanes norvegica (Norwegian krill)[6]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[2]
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)[2]
Microchirus variegatus (Variegated sole)[2]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[4]
Munida rugosa (Long-clawed squat lobster)[2]
Mya truncata (truncate softshell)[2]
Mytilus edulis (Blue mussel)[2]
Necora puber (velvet crab)[2]
Nephrops norvegicus (Norway lobster)[2]
Nephtys hombergii (carput)[2]
Ophelia limacina (ophélie)[2]
Pagurus bernhardus (Bernhard's hermit crab)[2]
Pandalus montagui (Aesop shrimp)[2]
Pasiphaea sivado (white glass shrimp)[2]
Phascolion strombus[2]
Pholis gunnellus (Tissy)[2]
Pinnotheres pisum (pea crab)[2]
Pleuronectes platessa (European plaice)[2]
Processa canaliculata (processa shrimp)[2]
Pycnogonum littorale (Anemone sea spider)[2]
Sardina pilchardus (European pilchard)[2]
Scaphander lignarius (Woody Canoe-bubble)[2]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[2]
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)[2]
Sepia officinalis (common or european cuttlefish)[2]
Sepietta oweniana (Common Bobtail)[2]
Sepiola atlantica (Atlantic Bobtail)[2]
Solea solea (True sole)[2]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[2]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[2]
Trisopterus esmarkii (Norway pout)[2]
Trisopterus luscus (Whiting-pout)[2]
Trisopterus minutus (poor cod)[2]
Upogebia deltaura[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)1
Alosa sapidissima (American shad)1
Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)1
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)2
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)2
Argentina silus (Atlantic argentine)1
Arnoglossus laterna (Scald-fish)1
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)1
Brosme brosme (Tusk)1
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)1
Chelidonichthys lucerna (Sapphirine gurnard)1
Clupea harengus (Yawling)1
Conger conger (Conger)2
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)2
Deania calcea (Thompsons shark)1
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)1
Dipturus batis (Blue skate)1
Etmopterus pusillus (Smooth lanternshark)2
Etmopterus spinax (Black centrina)2
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)2
Gadus morhua (rock cod)2
Galeus melastomus (Black-mouth catshark)3
Gnathophis mystax (Thinlip conger)1
Leucoraja naevus (Cuckoo ray)1
Lophius budegassa (Blackbellied angler)1
Lycodes frigidus (Glacial eelpout)1
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)1
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)1
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)1
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)1
Molva dypterygia (Ling)1
Molva macrophthalma (Spanish ling)1
Nemipterus randalli (Randall's threadfin bream)1
Nezumia bairdii (Marlin-spike grenadier)1
Oceanodroma leucorhoa (Leach's Storm-Petrel)1
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)1
Phycis chesteri (Longfin hake)1
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)1
Pollachius virens (Sillock)2
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)1
Raja brachyura (Blond ray)1
Raja clavata (Roker)2
Raja montagui (Homelyn ray)2
Rajella lintea (Sharp-nosed skate)1
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)1
Scomber scombrus (Split)1
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)1
Scyliorhinus retifer (Chain dogfish)1
Sebastes fasciatus (Acadian redfish)1
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)1
Trigla lyra (Gurnard)1
Uria aalge (Common Murre)1
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)1
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)1

Predators

Dipturus batis (Blue skate)[2]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[2]
Leucoraja fullonica (Shagreen ray)[2]
Leucoraja naevus (Cuckoo ray)[2]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[2]
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)[2]
Scyliorhinus stellaris (Rigg)[2]
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)[2]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthobothrium coronatum[7]
Anisakis simplex[7]
Crossobothrium longicolle[7]
Diphterostomum betencourti <Unverified Name>[7]
Hexabothrium appendiculatum[7]
Leptocotyle minor[7]
Nybelinia lingualis[7]
Piscicapillaria baylisi <Unverified Name>[7]
Proleptus obtusus <Unverified Name>[7]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Acquario di Genova
Artis Zoo
Bristol Zoo Gardens
London Aquarium
Newport Aquarium
Oceanario de Lisboa
Rotterdam Zoo
Universeum Science Center
Zoo am Meer Bremerhaven GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig

Distribution

Aegean Sea; Albania; Algeria; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Belgium; Black Sea; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Cantabrian Sea; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Croatia; Cyprus; Denmark; Egypt; France; Galician Shelf; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Gibraltar; Greece; Iberian Coastal; Iceland; Ireland; Isle of Man; Israel; Italy; Lebanon; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Malta; Mauritania; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Monaco; Morocco; Netherlands; North Sea; Northeast Atlantic: Norway and British Isles south to Senegal, including the Mediterranean. Possibly Côte d'Ivoire. Some populational differences exist between <i>Catulus duhameli</i> (a name for the Mediterranean <i>canicula</i> based on size) and thi; Northeast Atlantic: Norway and British Isles south to Senegal, including the Mediterranean. Possibly Côte d'Ivoire. Some populational differences exist between <i>Catulus duhameli</i> (a name for the Mediterranean <i>canicula</i> based on size) and this species which may eventually be expressed as subspecies. The only reported observation of this species in Crimean waters was in 1937, which is possibly erroneous (Ref. 897).; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Portugal; Sea of Marmara; Senegal; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Syrian Arab Republic; Tagus; Tunisia; Turkey; United Kingdom; Western Sahara;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 3Physiological energetics of Buccinum undatum L. (Gastropoda) off Douglas, Isle of Man (the Irish Sea), Ahmet E. KIDEYŞ, Tr. J. of Zoology 22 (1998) 49-61 4Feeding habits and trophic levels of Mediterranean fish, Konstantinos I. Stergiou & Vasiliki S. Karpouzi, Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 11: 217–254, 2002 5Martinho, Felipe and Sá, Cátia and Falcão, Joana and Cabral, Henrique Nogueira and Pardal, Miguel Ângelo (2012) Comparative feeding ecology of two elasmobranch species, Squalus blainville and Scyliorhinus canicula, off the coast of Portugal. Fishery Bulletin, 110(1), pp. 71-84. 6Feeding ecology of demersal elasmobranchs from the shelf and slope off the Balearic Sea (western Mediterranean), MARIA VALLS, ANTONI QUETGLAS, FRANCESC ORDINES and JOAN MORANTA, Scientia Marina 75(4) December 2011, 633-639, Barcelona (Spain) 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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