Animalia > Chordata > Elasmobranchii > Carcharhiniformes > Sphyrnidae > Sphyrna > Sphyrna zygaena
 

Sphyrna zygaena (Smooth hammerhead shark; Smooth hammerhead; Shark; Round-headed hammerhead shark; Round-headed hammerhead; Round-headed hammer head shark; Round headed hammerhead; Hammerhead shark; Hammerhead; Common smooth hammerhead shark; Common hammerhead shark; Common hammerhead)

Synonyms: Sphyrna zigaena; Spyrna zygaena; Squalus malleus; Squalus zygaena; Zygaena malleus; Zygaena subarcuata; Zygaena vulgaris
Language: Afrikaans; Albanian; Arabic; Bali; Banton; Bikol; Burmese; Cantonese; Catalan; Creole, French; Creole, Portuguese; Croatian; Danish; Dutch; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Gujarati; Hawaiian; Hebrew; Ilokano; Italian; Japanese; Javanese; Kannada; Kapampangan; Korean; Kuyunon; Malagasy; Malay; Malayalam; Maltese; Mandarin Chinese; Maori; Marathi; Norwegian; Pangasinan; Papiamento; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Samoan; Serbian; Sindhi; Spanish; Sranan; Swedish; Tagalog; Tamil; Telugu; Turkish; Vietnamese; Visayan; Waray-waray; Wolof

Wikipedia Abstract

The smooth hammerhead (Sphyrna zygaena) is a species of hammerhead shark, and part of the family Sphyrnidae. This species is named "smooth hammerhead" because of the distinctive shape of the head, which is flattened and laterally extended into a hammer shape (called the "cephalofoil"), without an indentation in the middle of the front margin (hence "smooth"). Unlike other hammerheads, this species prefers temperate waters and occurs worldwide at medium latitudes.
View Wikipedia Record: Sphyrna zygaena

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    

Prey / Diet

Architeuthis dux (giant squid)[1]
Architeuthis martensi <Unverified Name>[1]
Argyrosomus hololepidotus (Southern meagre)[2]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[3]
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)[3]
Merluccius capensis (Cape hake)[2]
Peprilus triacanthus (Sheephead)[3]
Squalus megalops (Short-nose spurdog)[2]
Thysanoteuthis rhombus (diamond squid)[1]
Tylosurus crocodilus (houndfish)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthocybium solandri (Wahoo fish)1
Alepisaurus ferox (Wolffish)3
Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)1
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)1
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)1
Carcharhinus signatus (Shark)1
Carcharias taurus (Spotted sand tiger shark)1
Centroscymnus coelolepis (Portuguese shark)2
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)1
Diomedea exulans (Wandering Albatross)2
Globicephala melas (Long-finned Pilot Whale)1
Isurus oxyrinchus (Short-finned mako)3
Katsuwonus pelamis (White bonito)1
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Pacific White-sided Dolphin)1
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)1
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)1
Lophius americanus (Monkfish)1
Lycodes frigidus (Glacial eelpout)1
Makaira mazara (black spearfish)1
Makaira nigricans (Ocean guard)1
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)1
Morus bassanus (Northern Gannet)1
Phaethon rubricauda (Red-tailed Tropicbird)1
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)1
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)1
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)1
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)3
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)1
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)5
Pseudorca crassidens (False Killer Whale)2
Raja eglanteria (Clearnose skate)1
Salmo salar (Atlantic salmon)1
Somniosus pacificus (Pacific Sleeper Shark)2
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)1
Squatina dumeril (Atlantic angelshark)1
Stenella attenuata (Pantropical Spotted Dolphin)3
Steno bredanensis (Rough-toothed Dolphin)1
Stenotomus chrysops (Scup)1
Thalassarche chlororhynchos (Yellow-nosed Albatross)2
Thalassarche chrysostoma (Grey-headed Albatross)2
Thunnus alalunga (longfinned albacore)2
Thunnus albacares (Yellowfin-tuna)1
Thunnus obesus (Tuna)1
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)3
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)4

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Callitetrarhynchus nipponica <Unverified Name>[4]
Callitetrarhynchus speciosus[4]
Cathariotrema selachii[4]
Erpocotyle grisea[4]
Erpocotyle microstoma[4]
Erpocotyle sphyrnae[4]
Heteronybelinia palliata[4]
Heteronybelinia rougetcampanae <Unverified Name>[4]
Neoerpocotyle platensis[4]
Nybelinia palliata <Unverified Name>[4]
Nybelinia sphyrnae[4]
Otobothrium cysticum[4]
Otobothrium penetrans[4]
Otobothrium propectysticum <Unverified Name>[4]
Paraorygmatobothrium exiguum[4]
Parascarophis sphyrnae <Unverified Name>[4]
Phyllobothrium lactuca[4]
Platybothrium parvum[4]
Platybothrium tantulum <Unverified Name>[4]
Porrocaecum sphyrnai <Unverified Name>[4]
Pulchrascaris chiloscyllii <Unverified Name>[4]
Raphidascaroides zygaenai <Unverified Name>[4]
Tentacularia coryphaenae[4]
Terranova galeocerdonis[4]
Tetrabothrius maculatum <Unverified Name>[4]
Tetrarhynchus palliatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Tristoma coccineum[4]

Distribution

Aegean Sea; Agulhas Current; Albania; Algeria; Arabian Sea; Argentina; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southeast; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Australia; Bahamas; Benguela Current; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Brazil; California Current; Canada; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Cape Verde; Carigara Bay; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Chile; China; Croatia; Cuba; Cyprus; Côte d'Ivoire; Dominican Republic; East Brazil Shelf; East Central Australian Shelf; East China Sea; Ecuador; Egypt; France; Galapagos Islands; Gambia; Gibraltar; Greece; Guinea; Guinea Current; Guinea-Bissau; Haiti; Hawaii (USA); Hong Kong; Humboldt Current; Iberian Coastal; India; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Eastern; Indian Ocean, Western; Insular Pacific-Hawaiian; Ireland; Israel; Italy; Japan; Kermadec Islands; Korea, Dem. People's Rep; Korea, Republic of; Kuroshio Current; Lebanon; Leyte Gulf; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Macau; Madagascar; Madeira Islands; Malaysia; Malta; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Mexico; Monaco; Morocco; Mozambique; Namibia; New Zealand; New Zealand Shelf; Nicaragua; Norfolk Island; North Sea; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Ogasawara Islands; Pacific Central-American Coastal; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northwest; Pacific, Southeast; Pacific, Southwest; Pacific, Western Central; Panama; Patagonian Shelf; Peng-hu Island; Persian Gulf; Peru; Peru-Galapagos Waters; Philippines; Portugal; Puerto Rico; Russian Federation; Samoa; San Miguel Bay; Sea of Japan; Senegal; Serbia and Montenegro; Seychelles; Slovenia; South Africa; South Brazil Shelf; South China Sea; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Southwest Australian Shelf; Southwest Chilean Waters; Spain; Sri Lanka; Sulu-Celebes Sea; Syrian Arab Republic; Taiwan; Tasman Sea; Tung-hsiao; Tunisia; Turkey; Turks and Caicos Is.; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); United Kingdom; Uruguay; Viet Nam; Virgin Islands (UK); Visayan Sea; West Central Australian Shelf; Western Sahara; Widespread in temperate and tropical seas (Ref. 13562). Western Atlantic: Canada to the Virgin Islands; Brazil to Argentina. Eastern Atlantic: British Isles to Côte d'Ivoire, including the Mediterranean. Indo-Pacific: South Africa to Sri Lanka; sout; Widespread in temperate and tropical seas (Ref. 13562). Western Atlantic: Canada to the Virgin Islands; Brazil to Argentina. Eastern Atlantic: British Isles to Côte d'Ivoire, including the Mediterranean. Indo-Pacific: South Africa to Sri Lanka; southern Siberia to Viet Nam (Ref. 13562); southern Australia, New Zealand, and Hawaii (Ref. 13562). Eastern Pacific: northern California, USA to Chile.; Yellow Sea;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000)
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access