Animalia > Chordata > Elasmobranchii > Squatiniformes > Squatinidae > Squatina > Squatina squatina

Squatina squatina (Shagreen; Monkfish; Monk; Fiddle fish; Escat jueu; Angelshark; Angelfish; Angel shark; Angel ray; Angel puffy fish; Angel fiddle fish; Angel; Ángel)

Synonyms: Squalus squatina; Squatina angelus; Squatina europaea; Squatina laevis; Squatina lewis; Squatina squatini; Squatina vulgaris
Language: Albanian; Arabic; Catalan; Croatian; Czech; Danish; Dutch; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Hebrew; Icelandic; Italian; Japanese; Maltese; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Polish; Portuguese; Russian; Serbian; Spanish; Swedish; Turkish

Wikipedia Abstract

Squatina squatina, the angelshark or monkfish, is a species of shark in the family Squatinidae (known generally also as angel sharks), that were once widespread in the coastal waters of the northeastern Atlantic Ocean. Well-adapted for camouflaging itself on the sea floor, the angelshark has a flattened form with enlarged pectoral and pelvic fins, giving it a superficial resemblance to a ray. This species can be identified by its broad and stout body, conical barbels, thornless back (in larger individuals), and grayish or brownish dorsal coloration with a pattern of numerous small light and dark markings (that is more vivid in juveniles). It measures up to 2.4 m (7.9 ft) long.
View Wikipedia Record: Squatina squatina

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Squatina squatina


Migration [1]  Oceanodromous
Top 100 Endangered [2]  Yes

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Arcipelago delle Egadi - area marina e terrestre 119270 Italy    
Arxipèlag de Cabrera 50735 Spain  
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  

Prey / Diet

Alloteuthis media (little squid)[3]
Limanda limanda (Sand dab)[3]
Liocarcinus depurator (harbour crab)[3]
Macropipus tuberculatus (portunid crab)[3]
Pleuronectes platessa (European plaice)[3]


Parasitized by 
Anthobothrium cornucopia[4]
Bothriocephalus coronatus[4]
Christianella minuta <Unverified Name>[4]
Grillotia minuta[4]
Grillotia smarisgora[4]
Paranisakis squatinae <Unverified Name>[4]
Phyllobothrium thridax[4]
Pseudocotyle squatinae[4]
Pulchrascaris caballeroi <Unverified Name>[4]
Sprostonia squatinae[4]


Aegean Sea; Alaska (USA); Albania; Algeria; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Black Sea; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Croatia; Cyprus; Denmark; Egypt; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Gibraltar; Greece; Iberian Coastal; Ireland; Isle of Man; Israel; Italy; Lebanon; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Malta; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Monaco; Morocco; Netherlands; North Sea; Northeast Atlantic: southern Norway, Sweden and Shetland Islands to Morocco and West Sahara, including the Canary Islands and the Mediterranean (Ref. 247). .Range and abundance declining severly throughout its range; proposed legal protection in Britain (Ref. 58085).; Northeast Atlantic: southern Norway, Sweden and Shetland Islands to Morocco and West Sahara, including the Canary Islands and the Mediterranean.; Norway; Portugal; Sea of Marmara; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Syrian Arab Republic; Tunisia; Turkey; United Kingdom; Western Sahara;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
2Baillie, J.E.M. & Butcher, E. R. (2012) Priceless or Worthless? The world’s most threatened species. Zoological Society of London, United Kingdom.
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access