Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Labridae > Tautoga > Tautoga onitis

Tautoga onitis (Tautog; Black-fish)

Synonyms: Labrus onitis
Language: Danish; French; Mandarin Chinese; Polish; Russian; Swedish

Wikipedia Abstract

The tautog or blackfish, Tautoga onitis, is a species of wrasse native to the western Atlantic Ocean from Nova Scotia to South Carolina. This species inhabits hard substrate habitats in inshore waters at depths from 1 to 75 m (3.3 to 246.1 ft). It is currently the only known member of its genus.Barlett (1848) wrote, "[Tautaug] is a Native American word, and may be found in Roger Williams' Key to the Indian Language." The name is from the Narragansett language, originally tautauog (pl.
View Wikipedia Record: Tautoga onitis


Adult Weight [1]  13.70 lbs (6.22 kg)
Maximum Longevity [2]  34 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States

Prey / Diet

Cancer plebejus (Atlantic rock crab)[3]
Dyspanopeus sayi (Say mud crab)[3]
Echinarachnius parma (common sand dollar)[3]
Ensis leei (Atlantic razor clam)[3]
Metridium senile (clonal plumose anemone)[3]
Mytilus edulis (Blue mussel)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)2
Anarhichas minor (Spotted wolf-fish)1
Calidris canutus (Red Knot)1
Calidris maritima (Purple Sandpiper)1
Carcharhinus obscurus (Whaler shark)1
Caretta caretta (Loggerhead)3
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)1
Citharichthys arctifrons (Gulf Stream flounder)1
Clangula hyemalis (Oldsquaw)1
Ctenolabrus rupestris (Rock cook)1
Cymatogaster aggregata (Shiner)1
Dipturus laevis (Barndoor skate)1
Gadus morhua (rock cod)1
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)1
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)1
Lepidochelys kempii (Atlantic Ridley, Kemp’s Ridley Seaturtle)2
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)2
Leucoraja garmani (Freckled skate)1
Leucoraja ocellata (Winter skate)1
Limnodromus griseus (Short-billed Dowitcher)1
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)1
Mustelus canis (Dogfish)2
Myliobatis freminvillei (Blue-nosed ray)2
Myoxocephalus aenaeus (Little sculpin)1
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus (Sea raven)1
Peristedion miniatum (Armored searobin)1
Prionotus carolinus (Searobin)1
Prionotus evolans (Striped searobin)2
Pseudopleuronectes americanus (rough flounder)1
Raja eglanteria (Clearnose skate)1
Rutilus rutilus (Roach)1
Scyliorhinus retifer (Chain dogfish)1
Somateria mollissima (Common Eider)1
Stenotomus chrysops (Scup)1
Tautogolabrus adspersus (Sea perch)2
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)1
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)1
Zoarces americanus (Ocean pout)1


Morone saxatilis (Striper bass)[4]


Parasitized by 
Grillotia erinaceus[5]
Homalometron pallidum[5]
Microcotyle hiatulae[5]
Neobenedenia melleni[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Buttonwood Park Zoo
John G. Shedd Aquarium
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
Staten Island Zoo
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr

Range Map

Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Canada; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Scotian Shelf; USA (contiguous states); Western Atlantic: slightly east of Halifax in Nova Scotia, Canada to South Carolina in USA; most abundant between Cape Cod and Delaware Bay.;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3 Steimle FW, Pikanowski RA, McMillan DG, Zetlin CA, Wilk SJ. 2000. Demersal Fish and American Lobster Diets in the Lower Hudson - Raritan Estuary. US Dep Commer, NOAA Tech Memo NMFS NE 161; 106 p.
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access