Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Zoarcidae > Zoarces > Zoarces viviparus

Zoarces viviparus (viviporous blenny; Viviporous eelpout; Viviparous blenny; European ocean pout; Eelpout)

Synonyms: Blennius viviparus; Zoarces viviparous
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Wikipedia Abstract

The viviparous eelpout (Zoarces viviparus), also known as the, viviparous blenny and European eelpout is an eelpout in the family Zoarcidae. It is notable for giving birth to live larvae (hence the description "mother of eels"). It is a common soup ingredient in Mediterranean countries. The bones are of greenish colour, due to a harmless pigment. Their skin is slimy and the color is variable.
View Wikipedia Record: Zoarces viviparus


Adult Weight [1]  281 grams
Maximum Longevity [2]  10 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Finngrundet-Östra banken 57208 Sweden      
Flamborough Head 15597 England, United Kingdom  
Marakallen 14786 Sweden    
Ruegen   Germany      
Sunart 25320 Scotland, United Kingdom
Taynish and Knapdale Woods 2388 Scotland, United Kingdom
Vänta Litets Grund 37390 Sweden  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany

Prey / Diet

Capitella capitata (Threadworm)[3]
Corophium volutator (mud shrimp)[3]
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)[3]
Hediste diversicolor (veelkleurige zeeduizendpoot)[3]
Idotea balthica (gewone zeepissebed)[4]
Jaera albifrons[3]
Jassa falcata (Mottled tube-making amphipod)[3]
Mytilus edulis (Blue mussel)[3]
Peringia ulvae (Laver spire shell)[3]
Pygospio elegans[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Mesogobius batrachocephalus (Knout goby)1
Neogobius melanostomus (Round goby)1
Spinachia spinachia (fifteenspine stickleback)1
Trachurus mediterraneus (Mediterranean scad)1


Ardea cinerea (Grey Heron)[3]
Cryptocotyle lingua[3]
Erignathus barbatus (Bearded Seal)[3]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[3]
Lutra lutra (European Otter)[3]
Mergellus albellus (Smew)[5]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[3]
Pagophilus groenlandicus (Harp Seal)[3]
Phalacrocorax aristotelis (Shag)[3]
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)[6]
Podocotyle angulata[3]
Thalasseus sandvicensis (Sandwich Tern)[3]


Mutual (symbiont) 
Cryptocotyle jejuna[3]
Deropristis inflata[3]
Gymnophalloides macomae[3]
Gymnophallus choledochus[3]
Gymnophallus somateriae[3]
Himasthla continua[3]
Himasthla elongata[3]
Levinseniella brachysoma[3]
Maritrema oocysta[3]
Maritrema subdolum[3]
Microphallus pirum[3]
Monorchis parvus[3]
Mytilicola intestinalis[3]
Parvatrema minutum[3]
Profilicollis botulus[3]
Psilochasmus oxyurus[3]
Psilostomum brevicolle[3]
Sacculina carcini[3]


Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[7]
Ascaris blennii <Unverified Name>[7]
Ascarophis arctica <Unverified Name>[7]
Bothriocephalus scorpii[7]
Brachyphallus crenatus[7]
Cardiocephaloides longicollis[7]
Corynosoma semerme[7]
Corynosoma strumosum[7]
Cosmocephalus obvelatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Cryptocotyle concava[7]
Cryptocotyle jejuna[3]
Cryptocotyle lingua[3]
Derogenes varicus[7]
Dibothriocephalus latus[7]
Diplostomum spathaceum[7]
Echinorhynchus gadi[7]
Echinorhynchus salmonis[7]
Gyrodactylus arcuatus[3]
Gyrodactylus errabundus[3]
Gyrodactylus medius[7]
Gyrodactylus perlucidus[3]
Hysterothylacium auctum <Unverified Name>[7]
Metabronema canadense <Unverified Name>[7]
Neoechinorhynchus rutili[7]
Podocotyle atomon[7]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[7]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[7]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[7]
Steringotrema divergens[7]
Thynnascaris adunca[7]
Triaenophorus nodulosus[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
London Aquarium
Oresundsakvariet (Oresund Aquarium)
Universeum Science Center
Zoo am Meer Bremerhaven GmbH


Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Denmark; England and Wales (UK); Estonia; Finland; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Ireland; Latvia; Lithuania; Netherlands; North Sea; Northeast Atlantic: White Sea, Cheshskaya Guba and Murmansk coast (Barents Sea) southward to English Channel (River Somme); eastern coasts of Scotland, England, also Irish Sea; the Orkneys, Shetlands and in shallow waters of North Sea and Baltic.; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Poland; Russian Federation; Scotland (UK); Sweden; United Kingdom;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4The role of small fish species in eelgrass food webs of the Baltic Sea, Dissertation zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Ivo Christian Bobsien, 2006
5del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
6Annual Variation in Diet of Breeding Great Cormorants: Does it Reflect Varying Recruitment of Gadoids?, SVEIN-HÅKON LORENTSEN, DAVID GRÉMILLET AND GEIR HÅVARD NYMOEN, Waterbirds 27(2): 161-169, 2004
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access