Animalia > Chordata > Elasmobranchii > Myliobatiformes > Myliobatidae > Aetobatus > Aetobatus narinari
 

Aetobatus narinari (White-spotted eagle ray; Whitespotted eagle ray; Whip ray; Whip; Sunfish; Spotted-eagle ray; Spotted whipray; Spotted stingray; Spotted edgle-ray; Spotted eagleray; Spotted eagle ray; Spotted duckbill ray; Spotted bonnetray; Skate; Mottled eagle ray; Leopard ray; Lady ray; Flying ray; Eagle ray; Duckbill ray; Duckbill eagle-ray; Duckbil ray; Bonnet skate; Bishop ray; Spotted duckbilled ray; Lang spotted eagle ray)

Synonyms: Aetobates narinari; Aetobatis narinari; Raja narinari; Stoasodon narinari
Language: Afrikaans; Arabic; Bahasa Indonesia; Banton; Bengali; Bikol; Burmese; Carolinian; Cebuano; Creole, French; Czech; Danish; Dutch; Fijian; Finnish; French; Gela; German; Gujarati; Guugu Yimidhirr; Hawaiian; Japanese; Javanese; Kumak; Kuyunon; Mahl; Makassarese; Malay; Malayalam; Maldivian; Mandarin Chinese; Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug; Marathi; Marshallese; Numee; Oriya; Other; Papiamento; Persian; Polish; Portuguese; Russian; Samoan; Sinhalese; Somali; Spanish; Swahili; Swedish; Tagalog; Tahitian; Tamil; Telugu; Thai; Tongan; Vietnamese

Wikipedia Abstract

The spotted eagle ray (Aetobatus narinari) is a cartilaginous fish of the eagle ray family, Myliobatidae. It can be found globally in tropical regions, including the Gulf of Mexico, Hawaii, off the coast of West Africa, the Indian Ocean, Oceania, and on both coasts of the Americas at depths down to about 80 meters (262 ft). The rays are most commonly seen alone, but occasionally swim in groups.
View Wikipedia Record: Aetobatus narinari

Attributes

Migration [1]  Amphidromous

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Yucatan Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cayos Cochinos Archipelago National Park Natural Marine Monument   Honduras  
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Aegires ortizi[2]
Alpheus armatus (brown snapping shrimp)[2]
Alpheus armillatus (banded snapping shrimp)[2]
Alpheus cristulifrons (dotted snapping shrimp)[2]
Alpheus floridanus (sand snapping shrimp)[2]
Alpheus formosus (striped snapping shrimp)[2]
Alpheus heterochaelis (bigclaw snapping shrimp)[2]
Alpheus normanni (green snapping shrimp)[2]
Alpheus peasei (orangetail snapping shrimp)[2]
Americardia guppyi (guppy strawberry cockle)[2]
Americardia media (atlantic strawberry cockle)[2]
Anadara notabilis (eared ark)[2]
Anodontia alba (buttercup lucine)[2]
Antillipecten antillarum (Antillean scallop)[2]
Aplysia parvula (pygmy seahare)[2]
Arca zebra (turkey wing)[2]
Arcopsis adamsi (adams ark)[2]
Asaphis deflorata (gaudy sanguin)[2]
Atagema browni[2]
Barbatia candida (white-beard ark)[2]
Barbatia domingensis (white miniature ark)[2]
Bothus ocellatus (Flounder)[2]
Calliostoma javanicum (chocolate-line topsnail)[2]
Capitella capitata (Threadworm)[2]
Caribachlamys ornata (ornate scallop)[2]
Caribachlamys pellucens (knobby scallop)[2]
Cassis tuberosa (Caribbean helmet)[2]
Ceratophyllidia papilligera[2]
Chama macerophylla (leafy jewelbox)[2]
Chama sarda (cherry jewelbox)[2]
Charonia variegata (Triton's trumpet)[2]
Chione cancellata (cross-barred venus)[2]
Clathrolucina costata (costate lucine)[2]
Codakia orbicularis (tiger lucine)[2]
Coralliophila aberrans (globose coralsnail)[2]
Coralliophila caribaea (Caribbean coralsnail)[2]
Ctena orbiculata (dwarf tiger lucine)[2]
Cymatium femorale (angular triton)[2]
Cyphoma gibbosum (flamingo tongue)[2]
Cyphoma mcgintyi (McGinty's cyphoma)[2]
Cyphoma signatum (fingerprint cyphoma)[2]
Cypraecassis testiculus (reticulate cowrie-helmet)[2]
Dallocardia muricata (yellow pricklycockle)[2]
Dendrodoris krebsii (Kreb's doris)[2]
Dermomurex pauperculus (beggar aspella)[2]
Diodora dysoni (Dyson's keyhole limpet)[2]
Diplodonta caelata (pimpled diplodon)[2]
Diplodonta nucleiformis (nut-shaped diplodon)[2]
Doryteuthis pleii (arrow squid)[2]
Echinocardium cordatum (Heart urchin)[3]
Eoacmaea pustulata (spotted limpet)[2]
Erosaria spurca (Dirty Cowry)[2]
Eulithidium thalassicola (turtlegrass pheasant)[2]
Felimida clenchi (harlequin blue doris)[2]
Fulvia laevigata[2]
Geitodoris pusae[2]
Gonodactylaceus falcatus (Philippine mantis shrimp)[3]
Gouldia cerina (waxy gouldclam)[2]
Grubeulepis westoni[2]
Hemipodia californiensis[2]
Hermodice carunculata (Fireworm)[2]
Hexabranchus morsomus[2]
Hippolyte pleuracanthus (false zostera shrimp)[2]
Hippolyte zostericola (zostera shrimp)[2]
Isognomon bicolor (bicolored purse-oyster)[2]
Isognomon radiatus (lister purse-oyster)[2]
Laeonereis culveri (Culver's sandworm)[2]
Laevichlamys multisquamata (many-ribbed scallop)[2]
Leiosolenus bisulcatus (mahogany datemussel)[2]
Lima lima (spiny fileclam)[2]
Limaria pellucida (Antillean fileclam)[2]
Lirophora paphia[2]
Lithophaga teres (black datemussel)[2]
Lithopoma caelatum (carved starsnail)[2]
Lithopoma tectum (West Indian starsnail)[2]
Lithopoma tuber (green starsnail)[4]
Lobatus costatus (milk conch)[2]
Lobatus gallus (roostertail conch)[4]
Lobatus gigas (pink or queen conch)[5]
Lucina pensylvanica (Pennsylvania lucine)[2]
Luria cinerea (atlantic gray cowrie)[2]
Macrocypraea zebra (measled cowrie)[2]
Mediomastus californiensis[2]
Modiolus americanus (American horsemussel)[2]
Modulus modulus (buttonsnail)[2]
Monoplex nicobaricus (goldmouth triton)[2]
Monoplex pilearis (hairy triton)[2]
Mysia pellucida[2]
Naineris laevigata[2]
Octopus briareus (Caribbean reef octopus)[2]
Octopus vulgaris (common octopus)[2]
Papyridea soleniformis (spiny papercockle)[2]
Pauleo jubatus[2]
Periclimenes americanus (American grass shrimp)[2]
Periclimenes longicaudatus (longtail grass shrimp)[2]
Periglypta listeri (princess venus)[2]
Phragmatopoma caudata[2]
Pinna carnea (amber penshell)[2]
Pisania pusio (miniature trumpet triton)[2]
Pista cristata[2]
Pitar fulminatus (lightning pitar)[2]
Platydoris angustipes (Common leather doris)[2]
Prionospio heterobranchia[2]
Sepioteuthis sepioidea (Caribbean reef squid)[2]
Sinum perspectivum (white baby ear)[2]
Smaragdia viridis (emerald nerite)[2]
Stenopus hispidus (redbanded coral shrimp, 'opae-huna)[2]
Streblosoma hartmanae[2]
Stylocheilus longicauda (blue-ring seahare)[2]
Synalpheus brevicarpus (Short-clawed sponge shrimp)[2]
Synalpheus fritzmuelleri (speckled snapping shrimp)[2]
Synalpheus goodei[2]
Synalpheus longicarpus (Longclawed sponge shrimp)[2]
Synalpheus pandionis (turtlegrass snapping shrimp)[2]
Synalpheus townsendi (Townsend snapping shrimp)[2]
Tegula lividomaculata (West Indian tegula)[2]
Tellina radiata (sunrise tellin)[2]
Tellinella listeri (speckled tellin)[2]
Tonna galea (giant tun)[3]
Trachycardium isocardia (even pricklycockle)[2]
Tritonia bayeri[2]
Tritoniopsis frydis[2]
Tucetona pectinata (comb bittersweet)[2]
Turbo castanea (chestnut turban)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Balistes vetula (Turbot)1
Callinectes sapidus (blue crab)1
Caretta caretta (Loggerhead)1
Cephalopholis cruentata (Grouper)1
Diodon hystrix (Ajargo)2
Epinephelus striatus (White grouper)1
Galeocerdo cuvier (Tiger-shark)1
Haemulon plumierii (White snapper)1
Haemulon sciurus (Yellow grunt)1
Lachnolaimus maximus (Hogftsh)1
Lutjanus analis (Virgin snapper)1
Lutjanus griseus (Snapper)1
Lutjanus jocu (Snuggletooth snapper)1
Ocyurus chrysurus (Yellowtail snapper)1
Trachinotus falcatus (Yellow-wax pompano)1

Predators

Carcharhinus perezii (Caribbean reef shark)[2]
Rhizoprionodon porosus (Snook shark)[2]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthobothrium aetobatis <Unverified Name>[6]
Acanthobothrium arlenae[6]
Acanthobothrium colombianum[6]
Acanthobothrium dysbiotos[6]
Acanthobothrium monksi[6]
Acanthobothrium nicoyaense[6]
Acanthobothrium tortum[6]
Anaporrhutum albidum <Unverified Name>[6]
Cephalobothrium aetobatidis <Unverified Name>[6]
Clemacotyle australis[6]
Decacotyle floridana[6]
Decacotyle lymmae[6]
Decacotyle octona[6]
Didymorhynchus southwelli[6]
Dollfusiella aetobati[6]
Empruthotrema kearni[6]
Heterocotyle aetobatis[6]
Kotorella pronosoma[6]
Myzophyllobothrium rubrum[6]
Oncomegas australiensis[6]
Papillicotyle octona <Unverified Name>[6]
Shirleyrhynchus aetobatidis[6]
Tetrarhynchus aetobatidis <Unverified Name>[6]
Thaumatocotyle pseudodasybatis[6]
Trygonicola macroporus[6]
Tylocephalum aetioibatadis <Unverified Name>[6]
Tylocephalum auranagabadensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Tylocephalum marsupium[6]
Tylocephalum translucsens <Unverified Name>[6]
Tylocephalum yorkei[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Burger's Zoo
Living Seas
Ocean Park Corporation

Distribution

Agulhas Current; American Samoa; Andaman Sea; Angola; Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Aruba; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southeast; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Atulayan Bay; Australia; Bahamas; Barbados; Bay of Bengal; Belize; Benguela Current; Benin; Bermuda; Brazil; Cameroon; Canary Current; Cape Verde; Caribbean Sea; Cayman Islands; Celestún Biosphere Reserve; Chagos Islands; Chilka Lake; Colombia; Comoros; Congo, Dem. Rep. of the; Congo, Republic of; Cook Islands; Coral Sea and GBR; Costa Rica; Cuba; Curaçao Island; Côte d'Ivoire; Djibouti; Dominica; Dominican Republic; East Brazil Shelf; East Central Australian Shelf; Ecuador; El Salvador; Equatorial Guinea; Fiji Islands; French Guiana; Gabon; Galapagos Islands; Gambia; Ghana; Great Barrier Reef; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guam; Guatemala; Guinea; Guinea Current; Guinea-Bissau; Gulf of Aden; Gulf of Aqaba; Gulf of California; Gulf of Mexico; Gulf of Oman; Gulf of Thailand; Guyana; Haiti; Hawaii (USA); Honduras; India; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Eastern; Indian Ocean, Western; Indonesia; Indonesian Sea; Insular Pacific-Hawaiian; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Jamaica; Japan; Jordan; Kenya; Kimbe Bay; Kuroshio Current; Liberia; Madagascar; Malaysia; Maldives; Marshall Islands; Martinique; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mexico; Micronesia,Fed.States of; Milne Bay; Montserrat; Mozambique; Myanmar; New Caledonia; Nicaragua; Nigeria; North Australian Shelf; North Brazil Shelf; North Marianas; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Ogasawara Islands; Oman; Pacific Central-American Coastal; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northwest; Pacific, Southeast; Pacific, Southwest; Pacific, Western Central; Palau; Panama; Panay Gulf; Papua New Guinea; Peng-hu Island; Persian Gulf; Peru; Peru-Galapagos Waters; Philippines; Puerto Rico; Ragay Gulf; Red Sea; Réunion; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent & the Grenadines; Samar Sea; Samoa; San Miguel Bay; Saudi Arabia; Senegal; Seychelles; Sierra Leone; Somali Coastal Current; Somalia; South Africa; South Brazil Shelf; South China Sea; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Southwest Australian Shelf; Sri Lanka; Sulu-Celebes Sea; Suriname; Taiwan; Tanzania, United Rep. of; Thailand; Togo; Tonga; Trinidad and Tobago; Turks and Caicos Is.; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Vanuatu; Venezuela; Viet Nam; Virgin Islands (UK); Wake Island; West Central Australian Shelf; Western Atlantic: North Carolina (summer) and Florida, USA and Bermuda to southern Brazil. Throughout Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean, including Antilles (Ref. 26938). Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania to Angola (Ref. 4440). Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and S; Western Atlantic: North Carolina (summer) and Florida, USA and Bermuda to southern Brazil. Throughout Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean, including Antilles (Ref. 26938). Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania to Angola (Ref. 4440). Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and South Africa to Hawaii, north to Japan, south to Australia (Ref. 9862). Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Puerto Pizarro, Peru and the Galapagos Islands (Ref. 5530). There may be more than one species of spotted <i>Aetobatus</i> (Ref. 9862). Based on combined genealogical concordance and genetic distance criteria,; Western Atlantic: North Carolina (summer) and Florida, USA and Bermuda to southern Brazil. Throughout Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean, including Antilles (Ref. 26938). Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania to Angola (Ref. 4440). Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and South Africa to Hawaii, north to Japan, south to Australia (Ref. 9862). Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Puerto Pizarro, Peru and the Galapagos Islands (Ref. 5530). There may be more than one species of spotted <i>Aetobatus</i> (Ref. 9862). Based on combined genealogical concordance and genetic distance criteria, Richards et. al, 2009 (Ref. 81079) recommend that the Western/Central Pacific lineage be recognized as a distinct species from lineages in the Central Atlantic and Eastern Pacific (which are proposed as subspecies)..; Yellow Sea; Yemen;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 3Clownfish and their Host Anemones ;; NOAA's Coral Reef Conservation Program 4Food Habits of Reef Fishes of the West Indies, John E. Randall, Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. 5, 665–847 (1967) 5Queen Conch Predators: Not a Roadblock to Mariculture, Darryl E. Jory and Edwin S. Iversen, Proc. Gulf Caribb. Fish. Inst. 35:108-111. (1983) 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access