Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Clupeiformes > Clupeidae > Alosa > Alosa aestivalis
 

Alosa aestivalis (Blue-back herring; Blue-back shad; Shed herring; Shad herring; River herring; Herring; Blueback shad; Blueback herring; Blueback glut herring)

Synonyms: Clupea aestivalis; Pomolobus aestivalis
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Wikipedia Abstract

Blueback Shad (Alosa aestivalis) is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Alosa. These fish are silvery in color, have a series of scutes (modified scales that are spiny and keeled) along their belly, and are characterized by deep bluish green backs. The most distinguishing characteristic of this species is the black to dusky in color of its peritoneum (the lining of the abdominal cavity).
View Wikipedia Record: Alosa aestivalis

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  110 grams
Female Maturity [1]  4 years
Male Maturity [2]  3 years 6 months
Adult Length [1]  16 inches (40 cm)
Brood Dispersal [1]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Phyto-lithophils
Brood Guarder [1]  No
Diet [3]  Carnivore
Litter Size [1]  349,000
Maximum Longevity [1]  8 years
Migration [3]  Anadromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
New Jersey Pinelands Biosphere Reserve   New Jersey, United States  
Prince Edward Island National Park II   Prince Edward Island, Canada  
Rock Creek Park   District of Columbia, United States

Predators

Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[5]
Brachyphallus crenatus[5]
Derogenes varicus[5]
Diplostomum spathaceum[5]
Echinorhynchus gadi[5]
Lecithaster confusus[5]
Mazocraeoides georgei[5]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[5]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[5]
Scolex polymorphus <Unverified Name>[5]

Range Map

Link to Map
America, North - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Canada; Nearctic; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Scotian Shelf; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; USA (contiguous states); Western Atlantic: Cape Breton, Nova Scotia south to the St. John's River, Florida; also in lower parts of rivers.;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by , , FishBase in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 4 Steimle FW, Pikanowski RA, McMillan DG, Zetlin CA, Wilk SJ. 2000. Demersal Fish and American Lobster Diets in the Lower Hudson - Raritan Estuary. US Dep Commer, NOAA Tech Memo NMFS NE 161; 106 p. 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Range map provided by NatureServe. 2010. Digital Distribution Maps of the Freshwater Fishes in the Conterminous United States. Version 3.0. Arlington, VA. U.S.A.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access