Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Haemulidae > Anisotremus > Anisotremus virginicus
 

Anisotremus virginicus (Porkfish; Paragrate grunt; Grunt; Atlantic porkfish)

Synonyms: Sparus virginicus
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Wikipedia Abstract

Anisotremus virginicus, the porkfish, is a species of grunt native to the western Atlantic Ocean from Florida to Brazil and the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico. This nocturnal species inhabits areas of reef or with rocky substrates at depths of from 2 to 20 metres (6.6 to 65.6 ft). It can reach a length of 40.6 centimetres (16.0 in) TL though most do not exceed 25 centimetres (9.8 in). It is of minor importance as a commercial food fish and is also popular as a game fish though it is reported to sometimes contain the ciguatera toxin. It is also a popular fish in public aquariums.
View Wikipedia Record: Anisotremus virginicus

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cayos Cochinos Archipelago National Park Natural Marine Monument   Honduras  
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Isla Mujeres, Punta Cancun y Punta Nizuc National Park II 21428 Quintana Roo, Mexico    
Parque Marino Nacional Sistema Arrecifal Veracruzano National Park II 129688 Mexico      
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Saba Marine Park National Marine Park II 5573 Netherlands Antilles  

Prey / Diet

Abylopsis tetragona[1]
Acartia lilljeborgi[1]
Acartia spinata[1]
Acartia tonsa[1]
Aegires ortizi[1]
Alpheus armillatus (banded snapping shrimp)[1]
Alpheus cristulifrons (dotted snapping shrimp)[1]
Alpheus normanni (green snapping shrimp)[1]
Alpheus peasei (orangetail snapping shrimp)[1]
Americardia guppyi (guppy strawberry cockle)[2]
Americardia media (atlantic strawberry cockle)[2]
Aplysia parvula (pygmy seahare)[1]
Arca zebra (turkey wing)[1]
Arcopsis adamsi (adams ark)[1]
Atagema browni[1]
Bairdoppilata carinata[2]
Barbatia candida (white-beard ark)[1]
Barbatia domingensis (white miniature ark)[1]
Brachyscelus crusculum[1]
Calliostoma javanicum (chocolate-line topsnail)[1]
Caribachlamys ornata (ornate scallop)[1]
Caribachlamys pellucens (knobby scallop)[1]
Centropages furcatus[1]
Ceratophyllidia papilligera[1]
Chama macerophylla (leafy jewelbox)[1]
Chama sarda (cherry jewelbox)[1]
Chione cancellata (cross-barred venus)[2]
Coralliophila aberrans (globose coralsnail)[1]
Coralliophila caribaea (Caribbean coralsnail)[1]
Cumingia antillarum[2]
Dendrodoris krebsii (Kreb's doris)[1]
Diodora dysoni (Dyson's keyhole limpet)[1]
Dioithona oculata[1]
Diphyes bojani[1]
Ditrichocorycaeus amazonicus[1]
Ditrichocorycaeus americanus[1]
Domecia acanthophora (elkhorn coral crab)[1]
Eoacmaea pustulata (spotted limpet)[1]
Euchaeta marina[1]
Eudoxoides spiralis[1]
Eurydice littoralis[1]
Euterpina acutifrons[1]
Farranula gracilis[1]
Felimida clenchi (harlequin blue doris)[1]
Flaccisagitta enflata[1]
Fritillaria haplostoma[1]
Garthiope barbadensis (prickly mud crab)[1]
Geitodoris pusae[1]
Glossocephalus milneedwardsi[1]
Gonodactylus bredini[1]
Gonodactylus lacunatus[1]
Hermodice carunculata (Fireworm)[1]
Hexabranchus morsomus[1]
Hexapanopeus caribbaeus (Caribbean mud crab)[1]
Isognomon bicolor (bicolored purse-oyster)[1]
Isognomon radiatus (lister purse-oyster)[1]
Krohnitta subtilis[1]
Labidocera acutifrons[1]
Laevichlamys multisquamata (many-ribbed scallop)[1]
Lensia subtiloides[1]
Lestrigonus bengalensis[1]
Lima lima (spiny fileclam)[1]
Limaria pellucida (Antillean fileclam)[1]
Lithopoma caelatum (carved starsnail)[1]
Lithopoma tectum (West Indian starsnail)[1]
Lithopoma tuber (green starsnail)[1]
Luria cinerea (atlantic gray cowrie)[1]
Macrocypraea zebra (measled cowrie)[1]
Micropanope nuttingi (beaded mud crab)[1]
Microphrys antillensis (lobed decorator crab)[1]
Microphrys bicornutus (speck-claw decorator crab)[1]
Microsetella rosea[1]
Mithraculus cinctimanus (banded clinging crab)[1]
Mithraculus ruber[1]
Mithraculus sculptus (green clinging crab)[1]
Mithrax aculeatus[1]
Mithrax hemphilli[1]
Mithrax holderi[1]
Mithrax spinosissimus (channel clinging crab)[1]
Mithrax verrucosus (paved clinging crab)[1]
Mitrella longissima (West Indian dovesnail)[2]
Modulus modulus (buttonsnail)[2]
Monoplex macrodon (hairy triton)[1]
Naria spurca (Dirty Cowry)[1]
Nicidion mutilata[1]
Oikopleura dioica[1]
Oikopleura longicauda[1]
Oithona colcarva[1]
Oithona nana[1]
Oithona plumifera[1]
Oithona simplex[1]
Oncaea mediterranea[1]
Oncaea venusta[1]
Ophiocoma echinata (black brittle star)[1]
Ophiocoma wendtii (red ophiocoma)[1]
Ophioderma appressa[1]
Pachycheles riisei (Riise porcelain crab)[1]
Pachygrapsus transversus (mottled shore crab)[1]
Paguristes cadenati (red reef hermit)[1]
Paguristes grayi (Gray's hermit crab)[1]
Paguristes tortugae (bandeye hermit)[1]
Paracalanus aculeatus[1]
Paracalanus parvus[1]
Paraliomera dispar (black coral crab)[1]
Paraliomera longimana (longarm coral crab)[1]
Parapinnixa bouvieri[1]
Parapinnixa hendersoni[1]
Parvocalanus crassirostris[1]
Penilia avirostris[1]
Periclimenes pedersoni (Pederson cleaner shrimp)[1]
Petrolisthes galathinus (banded porcelain crab)[1]
Petrolisthes jugosus (redwhite porcelain crab)[1]
Phragmatopoma caudata[1]
Pilumnus diomedeae[1]
Pilumnus gemmatus (tuberculate hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus holosericus (roseate hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus lacteus (velvet hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus longleyi (studded hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus marshi (quadrate hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus pannosus (beaded hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus reticulatus[1]
Pilumnus sayi (spineback hairy crab)[1]
Platydoris angustipes (Common leather doris)[1]
Sabellastarte magnifica (magnificent feather duster)[1]
Serratosagitta serratodentata[1]
Spirobranchus giganteus (Christmas tree worm)[1]
Stenorhynchus seticornis (yellowline arrow crab)[1]
Stylocheilus longicauda (blue-ring seahare)[1]
Synalpheus brevicarpus (Short-clawed sponge shrimp)[1]
Synalpheus longicarpus (Longclawed sponge shrimp)[1]
Tegula lividomaculata (West Indian tegula)[1]
Trididemnum savignii[2]
Turbo castanea (chestnut turban)[1]
Undinula vulgaris[1]
Zebina browniana (smooth risso)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Balistes vetula (Turbot)1
Haemulon plumierii (White snapper)1
Haemulon sciurus (Yellow grunt)2
Halichoeres bivittatus (Slippery dick)2
Halichoeres garnoti (Yellowhead wrasse)1
Halichoeres poeyi (Black-ear wrasse)1
Halichoeres radiatus (Puddingwife wrasse)1
Labrisomus nuchipinnis (Molly miller)1
Mulloidichthys martinicus (Yellow goatfish)1
Stegastes fuscus (dusky damselfish)1
Trachinotus falcatus (Yellow-wax pompano)1

Predators

Carcharhinus perezii (Caribbean reef shark)[1]
Rhizoprionodon porosus (Snook shark)[1]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Aponurus pyriformis[3]
Dictysarca virens[1]
Diphterostomum brusinae[3]
Diplectanotrema balistes[1]
Dollfusentis longispinus[3]
Hamacreadium mutabile[3]
Homalometron cryptum[3]
Homalometron foliatum[1]
Lasiotocus longicaecum[1]
Leurodera decora[1]
Monorchis latus[1]
Neobenedenia melleni[3]
Stephanostomum coryphaenae[1]
Stephanostomum lopezneyrai[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Acquario di Genova
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Cameron Park Zoo
El Paso Zoo
Florida Aquarium
Houston Zoo, Inc.
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Rotterdam Zoo
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
Six Flags Discovery Kingdom
Universeum Science Center
West Edmonton Mall Marine Life Center
Wonders of Wildlife Museum

Distribution

Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Aruba; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Bermuda; Brazil; Caribbean Sea; Cayman Islands; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Curaçao Island; Discovery Bay; Dominica; Dominican Republic; East Brazil Shelf; French Guiana; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guatemala; Gulf of Mexico; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Jamaica; Laguna de Términos; Martinique; Mexico; Montserrat; Nicaragua; North Brazil Shelf; Panama; Puerto Rico; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent & the Grenadines; South Brazil Shelf; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; Turks and Caicos Is.; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Venezuela; Virgin Islands (UK); Western Atlantic: Bermuda (introduced) and Florida, USA to Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea (Ref. 9626).;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
2Food Habits of Reef Fishes of the West Indies, John E. Randall, Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. 5, 665–847 (1967)
3Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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