Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Clupeiformes > Clupeidae > Brevoortia > Brevoortia tyrannus

Brevoortia tyrannus (Shad; Atlantic menhaden; Bunker; Menhaden; Mossbunker; Pogy; Whitefish; Moss bunker; Menhadem; Fatback; Bugfish; Bony fish; Lacha tirana)

Synonyms: Clupea carolinensis; Clupea menhaden; Clupea neglecta; Clupea tyrannus
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Wikipedia Abstract

The Atlantic menhaden (Brevoortia tyrannus) is a North American species of fish in the herring family, Clupeidae. Atlantic menhaden are found in the North Atlantic coastal and estuarine waters from Nova Scotia south to northern Florida. They are commonly found in all salinities of the Chesapeake Bay and Mid-Atlantic water. They swim in large schools that stratify by size and age along the coast. Younger and smaller fish are found in the Chesapeake Bay and southern coastline while older, larger fish are found along the northern coastline.
View Wikipedia Record: Brevoortia tyrannus


Migration [2]  Oceanodromous
Water Biome [1]  Coastal

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
New Jersey Pinelands Biosphere Reserve   New Jersey, United States  

Prey / Diet

Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)[3]
Alosa sapidissima (American shad)[3]
Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[3]
Brevoortia tyrannus (Shad)[3]
Chrysaora quinquecirrha (sea nettle)[3]
Crassostrea virginica (American cupped oyster)[3]
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)[3]
Micropogonias undulatus (Atlantic croacker)[3]
Mya arenaria (Clam)[3]
Neomysis americana (Mysid shrimp)[4]
Trinectes maculatus (Hogchoker)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)1
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)1
Ammodytes dubius (offshore sand lance)1
Anchoa hepsetus (Broad-striped anchovy)1
Brevoortia aurea (Brazilian menhaden)1
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)1
Cynoscion regalis (Weakfish)1
Cynoscion striatus (Striped weakfish)1
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)1
Larimus fasciatus (Banded drum)1
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)1
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)1
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)1
Menticirrhus saxatilis (Northern kingfish)1
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)1
Micropogonias furnieri (Whitemouth drummer)1
Morone americana (Wreckfish)1
Mycteroperca microlepis (Velvet rockfish)1
Myoxocephalus aenaeus (Little sculpin)1
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)1
Paralichthys orbignyanus1
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)1
Prionotus carolinus (Searobin)1
Prionotus evolans (Striped searobin)1
Pseudopleuronectes americanus (rough flounder)1
Scomber scombrus (Split)1
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)1
Stenotomus chrysops (Scup)1
Syngnathus fuscus (Northern pipefish)1
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)1
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)1


Ariopsis felis (Sea catfish)[3]
Brevoortia tyrannus (Shad)[3]
Carcharhinus falciformis (Silky shark)[4]
Carcharhinus plumbeus (Thickskin shark)[5]
Caretta caretta (Loggerhead)[6]
Cynoscion regalis (Weakfish)[3]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[3]
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)[3]
Morone americana (Wreckfish)[3]
Morone saxatilis (Striper bass)[4]
Pandion haliaetus (Osprey)[3]
Pelecanus occidentalis (Brown Pelican)[3]
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)[4]
Rachycentron canadum (Sergent fish)[3]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[3]
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)[3]
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)[3]


Parasitized by 
Clupeocotyle brevoortia[7]
Mazocraeoides georgei[7]
Mazocraeoides hargisi[7]
Opechona pyriforme <Unverified Name>[7]
Pterobothrium heteracanthum[7]


Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Canada; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Scotian Shelf; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; USA (contiguous states); Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia, Canada southward to Indian River, Florida, USA.;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000)
6HISTORICAL DIET ANALYSIS OF LOGGERHEAD (CARETTA CARETTA) AND KEMP’S RIDLEY (LEPIDOCHELYS KEMPI) SEA TURTLES IN VIRGINIA, Erin E. Seney, A Thesis Presented to The Faculty of the School of Marine Science The College of William and Mary in Virginia (2003)
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access